Political parties and interest groups (2)


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Political parties and interest groups (2)

  2. 2. Political Party and Interest Group defined. <ul><li>Voluntary association of individuals who advocate certain principles or policies as superior to all others for the general conduct of government and which nominates and supports certain of its leaders as electoral candidates. </li></ul><ul><li>Any group (organized or unorganized) which makes certain claims upon other groups in the society for the establishment, maintenance, or enhancement of certain actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Interest Groups </li></ul>
  3. 3. The difference between Political party and Interest Group.. <ul><li>Seeks political power directly thru electoral method </li></ul><ul><li>Prepared to support a candidate and fight for victory in an election. (to gain power) </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes supports and campaigns for party candidates but rarely present formal candidates and fight in an election. </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL PARTY </li></ul><ul><li>INTEREST GROUP </li></ul>
  4. 4. Their functions. <ul><li>They channel belief about authority and power through an organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Act as safety valve on government to form opinion and resolve conflict without tearing apart the state itself. </li></ul><ul><li>They express certain opinions, make claims upon the government and aggregate the views of their member. </li></ul><ul><li>Group theory is expressed in the making of foreign policy of the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Interest groups </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Interest Groups: <ul><li>Nature and size of the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities to organize and express opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of membership and leadership. </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of political system itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Bribing and corrupting public officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Informing and advising public officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Conducting discussions, campaigns and reform movements to advocate the awareness of the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Actual domination and control of government processes. </li></ul><ul><li>BASIS OF IMPORTANCE & EFFECTIVENESS: </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICL FUNCTIONS </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Political Parties: <ul><li>Confuse rather than clarify issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Best politicians do not always come from political parties. </li></ul><ul><li>Parties have resorted to corrupt political practices to ensure their victory and protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Recruit and nominate candidates. </li></ul><ul><li>Raise campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>clarify issues </li></ul><ul><li>unify diverse interests </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilize voters and help run elections. </li></ul><ul><li>Write Platforms. </li></ul><ul><li>Link popular wishes and government actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Act as the opposition when not in power. </li></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES : </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul>
  7. 7. Kinds of Party Members <ul><li>For patronage </li></ul><ul><li>To get special treatment from the government </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance their own career </li></ul><ul><li>Economic benefit </li></ul><ul><li>Personal gratification </li></ul><ul><li>To have and to wield an influence on the others </li></ul><ul><li>Ideological fulfillment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Kinds of Party Systems <ul><li>The Two- Party System </li></ul><ul><li>The Multi- Party System </li></ul><ul><li>The One- Party System </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Two- Party System <ul><li>The turn- over system </li></ul><ul><li>The system wherein major political parties alternate with each other in the exercise of political power. </li></ul><ul><li>In the US- Democratic and Republican </li></ul><ul><li>In Britain- Conservative and Labour parties </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Advantages and Disadvantages <ul><ul><li>Ensures simplicity and stability in the change of government. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosing party acts as “ loyal opposition” to force the party on power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assures a measure of political unity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows a free interplay of opposing forces. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May degenerates into a monotonous political game wherein politicians succumb to corruption and patronage of each other. </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Multi Party System <ul><li>More than two political parties fight in an election. </li></ul><ul><li>No single party gets the majority control of the power. </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to coalition of parties to secure a governing control of the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer the consensus building on the floor of the parliament or the inner of chambers of government itself. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rightist, leftist, center </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The Leftist- reform – minded party which seeks to change the existing conditions in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>The “Rightist” – conservative group which seeks to maintain the status quo in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>The Center Party has adopted policies which are mixture of both the left and right tendencies. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Advantages and Disadvantages: <ul><li>may more honestly represent the various shades of political opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>may bring out more truly democratic measures </li></ul><ul><li>Occasional instability and inaction. </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul>
  14. 14. The One- Party System <ul><li>Only one party holds the power because it towers above the others or because it suppresses all other groups. </li></ul><ul><li>With two sub- types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The one party democracy ( usually found in newly- independent states) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Totalitarian Party in Communist states. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The one- party democracy in newly independent states <ul><ul><li>Created in newly emergent countries in Asia and Africa to create unity and inspire the drive on to modernization. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single political party allow the settlement of differences among groups, expression of criticism and the rule of law rather than dogma or anarchy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>becomes an expedient mechanism thought through which people voluntary works for the most important task of national government. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Totalitarian Party in Communist States: <ul><li>The ruling party monopolizes control of the state. </li></ul><ul><li>The ruling party controls all forms of social organizations in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>The ruling party monopolizes control of all means of public communication. </li></ul><ul><li>The ruling party is legally permitted to use state power in all forms that are expedient for the purposes of the state. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thank you... Happy Learning!!!
  18. 18. Reference: <ul><li>Zaide, S.M. (2006). Political science . 2 nd edition. All Nations Publishing Co. Quezon City Philippines. </li></ul>