Presidency i


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Presidency i

  1. 1. The Presidency<br />
  2. 2. The Constitutional Powers of the Presidency<br />Most of the constitutional provisions <br />concerning the president and <br />executive power are to be found in <br />Article II, which demonstrates the <br />framers’ considerable ambivalence <br />about executive power.<br /> Presidential powers combine those expressly stated in the Constitution, delegated powers, and powers inherent to executive leadership.<br />
  3. 3. Commander in Chief<br />President is the head of the national military<br />Congress can declare war<br />1973 War Powers Act <br />
  4. 4. Diplomatic Power<br />“Recognize” other countries<br />Executive Agreements<br />An agreement between the president and one or more other countries. <br />Does NOT require approval of the Senate.<br />Cannot supercede federal law.<br />
  5. 5. Treaties and Executive Agreements<br />
  6. 6. Two Presidencies?<br />Foreign vs. Domestic Affairs<br />President generally has more discretion in foreign affairs.<br />Congress approves <br /> more foreign policy bills.<br />Post 9/11 changes versus economic meltdown<br />
  7. 7. Legislative Power<br />Agenda setting <br />Role of popularity, mandate?<br />State of the Union<br />Budget<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Legislative Power<br />Agenda setting <br />But, not able to introduce bills<br />Role of popularity, mandate?<br />State of the Union<br />Budget<br />Veto<br />
  10. 10. Veto Power<br />Negative power<br />Veto Threats<br />Overriding a veto<br />Requires 2/3 support in both houses<br />Line Item Veto<br />
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  12. 12. Signing statements<br />Uncontroversial versus controversial<br />Innovation from the G.W. Bush presidency<br />Constitutionality of the Bush signing statement– a backdoor pocket veto?<br />
  13. 13. Obama’s Position on Signing Statements<br />Campaign position<br />Instructions to check with Eric Holder<br />First signing statement 3/12/09<br />“releasing him from five provisions of the spending bill”<br />
  14. 14. Are signing statements an appropriate expansion of presidential power?<br />
  15. 15. The Organizational Presidency<br /> Contemporary presidents sit atop complex and growing White House organizations as well as an ever-expanding executive branch.<br />
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  18. 18. Expanding White House Staff<br />The White House staff increased from fewer than 50 members in the 1930s to over 500 in contemporary White Houses.<br />Organizational elaboration within the White House increased specialization and expertise in the presidency.<br />
  19. 19. Expanding Executive Branch<br />Growing executive administration empowers the president as the “chief executive.”<br />Presidents use appointment powers, executive reorganization, and executive orders to affect policy through executive action.<br />
  20. 20. In recent years, presidents increasingly have made policy through executive orders that often direct executive branch officials and agencies to implement policies in accordance with the president’s policy preferences.<br />Executive orders are rules or regulations by the president that have the effect and formal status of legislation.<br />
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  22. 22. Why Cared about Obama’s First 100 Days?<br />The Honeymoon<br />Decreasing influence, increasing effectiveness<br />External factors<br />Internal factors<br />Does Obama meet or beat?<br />The assessment<br />A comedian’s version<br />