MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS INFLUENCING
CITIZENS TO USE M-GOVERNMENT
SERVICES: A CASE OF KENYAN MINISTRIES
Case Study: Government...
Introduction
 At present these is an impressive increase in the use
of and access to mobile technology, in both
developed...
Literature Review.
 M-Government is a sub-segment of e- Government
- which is defined as a strategy and its
implementatio...
Literature Review
 According to Hellström (2009) there is a very wide
range of potential governance related services
whic...
Literature Review Contd.
 Literature also reveals that in developing regions
with poor infrastructure, going mobile may b...
Area sector Project/ application
Government news/ Information updates Road safety (Transport Licensing Board)
e-Service De...
Problem Statement
 Mobile phones have been cited by many as the best
technology for interacting with citizens due to its
...
Research Objective
 To find out the motivational factors that explains the
emergence of m-Government services in the
Mini...
Design Methodology
 The study used a descriptive survey design to
analyze whether m-government services are
associated wi...
Participants of the study
 The study involved citizens who were also the
customers of Government Ministries.
 There were...
Findings/Results
 41.2% of the respondents contacted the ministry via
mobile phone, 28% visited in person, 22.8% used the...
Cost of mobile phone technology as form
of service delivery
63%
37% expensive cost
relatively lower cost
Security and privacy of contacting the
Ministry via Mobile
56%
44%
Yes No
Reason of preferring m-Government services
efficient solutions to
government's service
delivery challenges
relatively low ...
Conclusions
 Services must be easy to use with valuable and timely
content in order to ensure the service is relevant for...
Recommendations
 The study recognized that m-Government services
have a cumulative effect on service delivery to
citizens...
Thank you
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2014 e learning innovations conference motivation factors marini, makhanu & sevilla

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2014 e learning innovations conference motivation factors marini, makhanu & sevilla

  1. 1. MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS INFLUENCING CITIZENS TO USE M-GOVERNMENT SERVICES: A CASE OF KENYAN MINISTRIES Case Study: Government Ministries in Kenya Authors: Clement Marini, Everlyne Makhanu and Joseph Sevilla (Strathmore University)
  2. 2. Introduction  At present these is an impressive increase in the use of and access to mobile technology, in both developed and developing countries. Mobile cellular is the most rapidly adopted technology in history and the most popular and widespread personal technology worldwide. The high Mobile penetration suggests that mobiles have come to be considered as alternative modes of e-service delivery by Governments.
  3. 3. Literature Review.  M-Government is a sub-segment of e- Government - which is defined as a strategy and its implementation involving the utilization of all kinds of wireless and mobile technology, services, applications and devices for improving benefits to the parties involved in e-government including citizens, businesses and all government units (Kushchu & Kuscu, 2003).  M-government helps governments to provide anytime and anywhere services for citizens.
  4. 4. Literature Review  According to Hellström (2009) there is a very wide range of potential governance related services which can be delivered and communicated via mobile phones, including services relating to health care, agriculture, education, employment, transportation law and order, tax, judicial and legal systems, among other services.  Mobile phones help to create an informative, connected, innovative, participative and converging society all over the world.
  5. 5. Literature Review Contd.  Literature also reveals that in developing regions with poor infrastructure, going mobile may be the only viable option to improve service delivery in the public sector, but do we have policies already in place to guide on the implementation?  The Kenyan Government has rolled out M- Government projects before but what was the motivation towards their implementation, what is the perception towards this by the citizen’s?
  6. 6. Area sector Project/ application Government news/ Information updates Road safety (Transport Licensing Board) e-Service Delivery Project (Ministry of Migration, Directorate of e-Gov) Emergency /notification Voter registration (Electoral Commission of ) Employment Services Kazi560 (M4G, One World ) Health projects (selected projects where the Ministry of Health is involve) Bloodbank SMS Episuveyor (Datadyne. Ministry of Health) Financial Services Bill payment E-bill and SMS Alert (Kenya Power & Lighting Company Ltd) SMS and Direct Email innovation (HELB, Adtel) Crises management Violence- Prevention Tool (Oxfam GB, Peace Net) Ushahidi Education services Examination results (Kenya National Examinations Council, Ministry of Education) SEMA Project (Ministry of Education, DFID) List of m-government applications in Kenya
  7. 7. Problem Statement  Mobile phones have been cited by many as the best technology for interacting with citizens due to its widespread user uptake (Kumar & Sinha, 2009), it still does not fully deliver its promises, in particular in delivering services to the citizens of Kenya.  The Government of Kenya has so far not fully utilized the idea of using mobile phones as a tool for service delivery and a way to communicate with the citizens
  8. 8. Research Objective  To find out the motivational factors that explains the emergence of m-Government services in the Ministries.
  9. 9. Design Methodology  The study used a descriptive survey design to analyze whether m-government services are associated with improved service delivery to citizens. Descriptive employed questionnaire and interview techniques to collect data about m- government services in the Government Ministries. These data could was used to recommend specific strategies for improving service delivery to citizens.
  10. 10. Participants of the study  The study involved citizens who were also the customers of Government Ministries.  There were also senior ICT respondents from each of the Government Ministries.
  11. 11. Findings/Results  41.2% of the respondents contacted the ministry via mobile phone, 28% visited in person, 22.8% used the internet and 3.3% made contact through writing.  Majority of the respondents (58.8%) were not aware of any Government services that are delivered and communicated via mobile phones with the remaining 41.2% respondents saying they were aware.  In relation to satisfaction with M-Government services, 17.1% respondents were very dissatisfied and 47.9% respondents were somewhat dissatisfied with only 14.7% saying they were satisfied.
  12. 12. Cost of mobile phone technology as form of service delivery 63% 37% expensive cost relatively lower cost
  13. 13. Security and privacy of contacting the Ministry via Mobile 56% 44% Yes No
  14. 14. Reason of preferring m-Government services efficient solutions to government's service delivery challenges relatively low cost of mobile phone techonology Normal way of doing things Reach areas where there is no ICT infrastructure Access through shared usage and ownership increasing services penetration rate
  15. 15. Conclusions  Services must be easy to use with valuable and timely content in order to ensure the service is relevant for end users.  Government needs to pay close attention to re-engineering processes, reforming institutions, and creating an environment for greater accountability and transparency.  The service must be accessible at a lower cost to the end user than non-mobile or non-electronic alternatives.  Transition from manual delivery to m-government can require an overhaul of existing processes and breaking down departmental silos.  The Government should ensure the longevity of the projects to ensure they serve the citizens as expected.
  16. 16. Recommendations  The study recognized that m-Government services have a cumulative effect on service delivery to citizens. For example, formulating adequate policies to utilize m-Government services is understood to be a process rather than a response to a discrete event. Further study is need to identify the role of m-Government project on service delivery over time, is recognized. This will help determine where the projects still serve the value they were implemented for.
  17. 17. Thank you

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