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E Governance


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E Governance

  1. 1. E-Governance
  2. 2. Submitted To Md. Samsuzzaman Lecturer Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering Submitted By Md. Kamruzzaman Roll No. 001; Reg. No. 00660 Level-4 Semester-I Faculty of Business Administration and Management Date of submission: 27th May 2009
  3. 3. e Term “E-Governance” refers - overnanc The interaction between government and citizens and government and businesses Internal government operations to simplify and improve democray, government and business EG aspects of Governance.
  4. 4. tives of E- e To support and simplify governance for all overnanc parties; government, citizens and businesses. In e-governance electronic means support bjec and stimulate good governance. G O
  5. 5. - overnance Several other terms are also commonly used beside E-governance, including: e-business erm of E G e-democracy s e-government. T
  6. 6. E- Business “E-mail" and “E-commerce," is the conduct of business on the Internet, not only buying and selling but also servicing customers and collaborating with business partners. E- Democracy Digitally conveyed information and the political influence exerted by citizens and business on the opinion-forming processes of public – state and non-state – institutions E- Government E-democracy refers to the processes and structures that encompass all forms of electronic interaction between Government and the Citizen.
  7. 7. The most common interactions in e- governance, G2C, G2B and G2G, are generally known as E- Governance Model. G2C (Government to Citizen) G2B (Government to Business) vo G E n A G2G (Government to Government) -
  8. 8. E- Governance Model Figure: E- Governance Model
  9. 9. - overnanc Phases According to Gartner, e-governance will mature according to the following four phases- e Information → Presence Interaction → Intake processes Transaction → Complete transactions Transformation → Integration & change EG
  10. 10. - overnanc Phases e Increasing complexity EG Figure: E-Governance Phases
  11. 11. - E f s a P r u o F e h T c a n r e v o G 01. In the first phase, e-governance means being present on the web, providing the public (G2C & G2B) with relevant information. 02. In the second phase, the interaction between government and the public (G2C & G2B) is stimulated with various applications.
  12. 12. - E f s a P r u o F e h T c a n r e v o G 03. With phase three, the complexity of the technology is increasing, but customer (G2C & G2B) value is also higher. 04. The fourth phase is the when all information systems are integrated and the public can get G2C & G2B services at one (virtual) counter.
  13. 13. The model presented can serve as a - reference for governments to position entingE where projects fit in the overall evolution overnanc e of their e -governance implementation. plem Project start Smart project Scale fast Strategies G Im Think big Vision
  14. 14. ent ent - overnm Developm EG Figure: E- Government Development
  15. 15. Challeng for es Developm ent Political Challenges related to e-governance include strategies and policies, laws and legislation, leadership, decision making processes, funding issues, international affairs, and political stability. Social Challenges of related to e-governance are people, (level of) education, employment, income, digital divide, rural areas vs. cities, rich vs. poor, literacy, IT skills.
  16. 16. Challeng for es Developm ent Economic Challenges related to e -governance are funding, cost -savings, business models, e-commerce, spin-offs of e- governance. Technological Challenges involve software, hardware, infrastructure, telecom, IT skilled people, maintenance, safety and security issues.
  17. 17. Fac Affec tor tingE- G overnance Political instability Level of trust in government The importance of government identity Economic structure Government structure Different levels of maturity Constituent demand
  18. 18. E - overnanc in G e B ladesh ang Honorable Prime Minister herself has put great emphasis on identifying challenges in the implementation of nation- wide E-Governance and on initiating pilot projects in various sectors of the government through a project called the Support to ITC Task Force (SICT). Ministry of Finance has customized software for budget planning, sensitivity analysis, impact analysis, financial projections and various reports. National Board of Revenue is computerizing the revenue budget procedure.
  19. 19. E - overnanc in G e B ladesh ang Both Dhaka and Chittagong Stock Exchange are highly computerized and networked, allowing citizens to trade with much more ease than before. Ministry of Science and ICT creating web-sites containing information about various ministries. Ministry of Communication provides online searchable database of contractor’s tenders and created a Project Monitoring System for tracking progress of the projects.
  20. 20. ?hs e da gna Transparency l Helps to increase investor confidence Reduces scope for corruption More efficient governance More efficient services to citizens Helps boost the private sector Allows for decentralization of governance c nan evo G Eyh W Allows greater scope for integration Allows learning from the past Stimulates the local ICT industry - Makes ICT relevant to the masses r
  21. 21. C lusion E-Governance can be defined as the application of information and communication technology (ICT) to improve the efficiency, responsiveness, transparency, and accountability of government. onc Quick development in E-Governance is now a time demand for our country.
  22. 22. Tha Yo All nk u TheEnd