Principles of Design

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An introduction to how artists use the principles of design.

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Principles of Design

  1. 1. The Principles of Art <ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Variety </li></ul>Helen Frankenthaler. You Decide…
  2. 2. Gustav Klimt Pattern Pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors ), lines , or shapes .
  3. 3. Andy Warhol
  4. 4. Gee’s Bend Quilts
  5. 5. Ancient Greek Geometric Period Vase
  6. 6. Kurt Schwitters Variety Variety occurs when an artist creates something that looks different from the rest of the artwork. An artist may use variety to make you look at a certain part or make the artwork more interesting.
  7. 7. Joseph Cornell
  8. 8. James Rosenquist
  9. 9. Robert Rauschenberg
  10. 10. Jacob Lawrence Unity Unity is the feeling that everything in the work of art works together and looks like it fits.
  11. 11. Egyptian Hieroglyphics
  12. 12. Paul Klee
  13. 13. Louise Nevelson
  14. 14. Georgia O’Keeffe Balance Formal Balance usually is achieved by the artist placing objects in the work in a symmetrical or equal-sided arrangement. Informal Balance is created when an asymmetrical layout is used. Radial Balance occurs within a circle design.
  15. 15. Frida Kahlo
  16. 16. Mark Rothko
  17. 17. James Whistler
  18. 18. Rose Window at Notre Dame
  19. 19. Andrew Wyeth emphasis Emphasis is when the artist manipulates the Elements of Art so that your eye is drawn to a particular area.
  20. 20. FrancescoGoya
  21. 21. Commemorative Bronze, Kingdom of Benin
  22. 22. Hokusai
  23. 23. Tom Otterness Proportion Proportion refers to one piece of an object in relation to the rest of the object.
  24. 24. Claes Oldenburg
  25. 25. Fernando Botero
  26. 26. Amedeo Modigliani
  27. 27. George Bellows Movement Directional Movement is a visual flow through the composition. It can be the suggestion of motion in a design as you move from object to object by way of placement and position.
  28. 28. Edvard Munch
  29. 29. Antoni Gaudí
  30. 30. Vincent Van Gogh
  31. 31. Piet Mondrian Rhythm Rhythm is movement in which some elements recur regularly.  Like a dance it will have a flow of objects that will seem to be like the beat of music. Repetition .
  32. 32. Andy Goldsworthy
  33. 33. Cy Twombly
  34. 34. Jasper Johns
  35. 35. You guess…
  36. 36. Formal Balance
  37. 37. Proportion or Formal Balance if viewed from the front
  38. 38. Emphasis
  39. 39. Rhythm, Pattern, or Emphasis
  40. 40. Unity
  41. 41. Emphasis
  42. 42. Rhythm or Movement
  43. 43. Emphasis
  44. 44. Formal Balance
  45. 45. Unity
  46. 46. Proportion or Unity
  47. 47. Visual Movement or Unity

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