Donald J. Leu New Literacies Research Lab University of Connecticut [email_address] Peace Corps Coverdale World Wise Schools October 15, 2009 (This Powerpoint is at: Slideshare)
New Literacies For An Online Flattened World, Primed To Promote Global Understanding
Celebrating My 40 th Anniversary as a Peace Corps Volunteer.
The New Literacies Research Team http://www.newliteracies.uconn.edu/
Important Funding and Support From: The Carnegie Corporation of New York IES, U.S. Department of Education The National Science Foundation North Central Educational Research Lab William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Australian Council of Educational Research
Schools and teachers around the world.
Major Points The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for reading and learning. New Literacies: The Internet requires additional online reading comprehension and learning skills. How might we teach the new literacies of online reading comprehension in classrooms around the world?
What can we do together to prepare a new generation of global citizens?
I . The Internet Is This Generation’s Defining Technology For Reading and Learning
A New Literacies Quiz 1.6 billion individuals; Nearly 1 out of 4 people in the world!
How many individuals currently have access to the Internet and regularly read, write, and communicate online?
66% or 2/3 of adolescents! ( Borzekowski, Fobil, & Asante, 2006)
In 2005, how many adolescents in Accra, Ghana reported having gone online?
On the Internet! In 2005, students aged 8-18 spent 48 minutes per day reading on the Internet and only 43 minutes per day reading offline. (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2005).
In 2005, did adolescents in North America read more on the Internet or more with books and other printed material?
Ireland! ( Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation, 2004)
Which nation manufactures the most software in the world?
Which nation provides all teachers with 5 weeks of paid, release-time, professional development at integrating the Internet into the K-12 curriculum?
Mexico! Mexico is implementing its eMexico plan right now. See http://www.e-mexico.gob.mx/
Which nation, in North America, is implementing a plan to ensure Internet access to every home and every school to prepare its citizens for the 21st century?
Japan! ( Bleha, 2005).
Which nation provides Internet connections for all households at speeds 16 times faster than U.S. broadband for $22 per month?
0! Not a single state.
How many states, in the U.S., measure students ability to read search engine results on state reading assessments?
How many states, in the U.S., permit the use of word processors on state writing assessments for any student who wishes to do so.
How many states assess online reading comprehension in their state reading assessment?
What Can We Conclude? The Internet is this generation’s defining technology for reading. We should connect students in the U.S. with other students around the world.
We have a very special opportunity to prepare a new generation of globalized citizens.
Why is This Important? The Workplace Has Changed This generation’s defining technology for reading.
Recent productivity gains are due to using the Internet to share information, communicate, and solve problems (van Ark, Inklaar, & McGuckin, 2003; Friedman, 2005; Matteucci, O’Mahony, Robinson, & Zwick, 2005).
OECD Assessment Initiatives 2009 PISA International Assessment of Reading – Digital Literacies This generation’s defining technology for reading.
Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) – Problem Solving in Technologically Rich Evironments
II. New Literacies: The Internet Requires Additional Online Reading Comprehension Skills
A central question: What skills and strategies appear to be important for successful online reading comprehension? Reading to Define a Problem Reading to Locate Information Reading to Evaluate Information Reading to Synthesize Information The new literacies of online reading comprehension
Reading and Writing to Communicate Information
A Preliminary Model
Valid And Reliable Assessments of Online Reading Comprehension (ORCAs) (Castek, 2008; Coiro, 2007; Henry, 2007; Leu et al., 2005; Leu, Reinking, et. al, 2007). Issues: Practicality and Stability
Online and Offline Reading Comprehension May Not Be Isomorphic (r=0.19, n = 89, N.S.) Leu, D. Castek, J., Hartman, D., Coiro, J., Henry, L., Kulikowich, J., Lyver, S. (2005). Online Reading Comprehension = ORCA Blog Offline Reading = Connecticut Mastery Test (CMT) of Reading Comprehension
Challenged Readers Some challenged readers read better online than high performing offline readers (Castek, et. al, in press; Coiro, 2007). Why? (case study evidence) Read online at home each day. Excellent locating skills Shorter units of text reduces fluency issues Online readers choose texts; greater engagement
Web pages are graphic images, a strong suit
We Have a Preliminary Set of the Skills And Strategies Used During Online Reading Comprehension
A taxonomy of online reading comprehension skills is emerging from an analysis of think-aloud, verbal protocols by skilled online readers (Leu, Reinking, et al., 2007).
An Example of Online Reading Comprehension Reading About Martin Luther King The new literacies of online reading comprehension
Our students are not skilled at reading to locate information or critically evaluating information
Locating information, Part I: “the .com strategy” [13:38 … highlights address bar, types in www.savethepacificnorthwesttreeoctopus.com …, presses enter and waits]… [15:22 …types in www.savethenorthwesttreeoctopus.com (deletes pacific), presses enter and waits] [16:01 … http://www.savethenorthwestoctopus.com (deletes tree) and waits] S: I wonder why it’s not coming up. [long pause] [indecipherable] [long pause] The new literacies of online reading comprehension
[17:10 … types in savethepacificnorthwestoctopus (adds pacific) …
Locating Information, Part II: the “click and look” strategy In our entire population, of those who obtained a page of search engine results, approximately 50% did not read them. The new literacies of online reading comprehension
“ Click and Look” strategies used
Critical evaluation 100% percent (42 out of 42), thought the site. Save the Pacific Northwest Tree Octopus, was reliable; 56% reported it to be “very reliable.”
Data from five students were missing.
III. Recent Research: How should we teach the new literacies of online reading comprehension in classrooms around the world? Internet Reciprocal Teaching (IRT)
IRT: Phase I Teacher-led Basic Skills Teacher-led demonstrations of basic Internet use skills and cooperative learning strategies Explicit modeling by teacher Largely whole class instruction
Mini-lessons as transition to Phase II
IRT: Phase II Collaborative modeling of online reading strategies Students presented with information problems to solve. Work in small groups to solve those problems. Exchange strategies as they do so. Debrief at the end of the lesson. Initially: locating and critically evaluating
Later: Synthesis and communicating.
IRT: Phase III Inquiry Initially, within the class.
Then, with others around the world.
Using ePals For Message of the Day Projects
Classrooms from around the world are looking to partner with you
Other locations to connect with classrooms Oz Projects Global School Net
A Current Research Study: Best Practices in Global Collaborative Projects Between Classrooms
Contact: Heidi Everett-Cacopardo e-mail: [email_address]
IV. What can we do together to prepare a new generation of global citizens? Prepare for a far larger role in supporting online global connections among volunteers and schools. Develop a new cohort of teachers for the connected world of the 21 st century.
Support initiatives in host nations.
What can we do together to prepare a new generation of global citizens? Use child-safe email solutions such as ePals or Gaggle. Begin simply, with a Morning Message of the Day project.
Move to collaborative projects with other classrooms, making our world a better place through your work.
The Challenges Of Change
As Challenging As Change Appears, We Know This… The Leadership That You Provide…
Determines The Future Our Students Achieve! Thank you for everything that you do!!!
Donald J. Leu New Literacies Research Lab University of Connecticut [email_address] Peace Corps Coverdale World Wise Schools October 15, 2009
New Literacies For An Online Flattened World, Primed To Promote Global Understanding