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  • 1. Applied Networking-IV (2231114) Lecture Week-12 Basic of Network Management Lecture by: Djadja.Sardjana, S.T., M.M. Monitis_network_ monitoring_ service_preview- 34s
  • 2. Basic of Network Management
  • 3. Basic components Fig 3-1
  • 4. Network devices A NE (network element) must offer a management interface for management purposes Allow managing system to send requests ( configure, retrieve statistical data and etc) Send information (response and unsolicited ) Manager – a managing application who in charge of the management Agent – a NE who support the manager by responding its requests
  • 5. Manager-agentcommunication Fig 3-2
  • 6. Management agent Consists of 3 parts A management interface A Management Information Base The core agent logic
  • 7. Management interface Support a management protocol that define rule of conversation Communication between the managed network element For example To open management session To request to retrieve statistical data To request to change configuration
  • 8. Management Information Base(MIB) Conceptual data store (management information) that contain management view of devices A type of database used to manage the devices in a communications network. It comprises a collection of objects in a (virtual) database used to manage entities (such as routers and switches) in a network. (Ref. from wikipedia)
  • 9. MIB related standard RFC 1155 Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP based internets RFC 1157 Simple Network Management Protocol RFC 1213 Management Information Base for Network Management of TCP/IP-based internets
  • 10. MIB – OID Tree OID = (internet)OID =
  • 11. Core agent logic Translates between the operation of the management interface, MIB, and actual device Ex. Translate the request to “retrieve a counter” into internal operation that read out a device hardware register. Additionally, it can include more management functions that offload the processing required by management app. Pre-correlated raw events before sent out
  • 12. An anatomy of managementagent Fig 3-4
  • 13. Management information (1/2) The version of installed software To decide which devices need to have new software Utilization of port Whether capacity upgrades are necessary Environmental data (temperature and voltage) Ensuring that a device is not overheating Fans What is causing the temperature to rise
  • 14. Management information (2/2) Packet counters for different interfaces Whether the network is under a certain type of attacks (DoS) Protocol timeout parameter To fine tune network communication performance Firewall rules Security purposes others ?
  • 15. Managed object (MO) Refer to “ a chunk of management information that exposes one of the real world aspects” Ex. MO could represent a device fan along with its operational state, a port on a line card along with a set of statistical data MO could be a MIB object in SNMP a parameter in a CLI (command-line interface) An element of an XML document in web-based management interface
  • 16. Not all aspects in the real world are modeled Color of devicesReal world object that MO represents isreferred to as the “real resource”Since management information in MIBrepresents real resource When querying the MIB for MO representing a packet counter 3 times, the value returned will be different
  • 17. Basic parts of networkmanagement - refined Fig 3-6
  • 18. The Management System Tools to manage the network monitor the network Service provisioning system Craft terminal In fact, management system is different from management applications But often we can use both as the same meaning
  • 19. Manager/agent referencediagram Fig 3-8
  • 20. Caching MIB Fig 3-9
  • 21. The Management network Networks for carrying traffic of subscriber or end user are referred as “production network” Networks for carrying management traffic are referred as “management network” Both can be physically separate networks or they can share the same physical network
  • 22. Connecting a craft terminal toa managed device Fig 3-10 Linksys- Basic_Network_ Management- 3m26
  • 23. Connecting to multiple devicesthrough a terminal server Fig 3-11
  • 24. Dedicated Vs SharedManagement and Productionnetworks Fig 3-12
  • 25. Pros of a dedicatedmanagement network Reliability Congestion or network failure occurs somewhere in the network, it makes the devices hard to reach Also hard to find out what it happen Interference avoidance Compete with production traffic May interfere high QoS services (voice ,video streaming) Ease of network planning No need to consider on management traffic Security Hard to attack and more secure
  • 26. Cons of a dedicatedmanagement network Cost and overhead Addition cost for a management network No reasonable alternative Some devices do not provide a physical connection for another usage DSL router cannot be connected with two physical links
  • 27. Final word Cost is the huge disadvantage So, the management network is needed only critical area Backbone of service providers or big enterprises) Hybrid solution Generally, it shares over production networks Only critical segments are used as dedicated networks
  • 28. Managing the management The management support org. is responsible for making sure that the network is being run efficiently and effectively These tasks must be performed Monitoring the network for failures Diagnosing failures and communication outages Planning and carrying out repairs Provisioning new services and adding/removing users
  • 29. Keeping an eye on performance of thenetwork Taking preventive measurePlanning network upgrades Increase capacityPlanning network topology and buildout Ensure that the network will meet future demand
  • 30. Organization structure Network planning Analyzing network usage and traffic patterns and planning network build out Network operation Keeping the network running and monitoring the network failures Network administration Installing new devices / software Customer (user) management Interacting with the customers
  • 31. Other thing are needed Establishment of process and operational policies, documentation of operational procedures Well-defined procedures Well-defined workflow Make management consistent and efficient Collection of audit trails Automatically logging activities of operations
  • 32. Network documentation Must be accurate and up-to-date Important for network planning and software upgrades Identify some discrepanciesReliable backup and restore procedures Bring network back to live again in case of disasterSecurity emphasis Networks potentially most vulnerable from the inside Limit the damage that can cause by one person
  • 33. Management life cycle Plan Before the network system starts During the network system is running
  • 34. Management life cycle Deploy Installation of the equipment Bootstrap mechanism to allow a device to obtain and IP address and have layer2 or 3 connectivity Operate Monitoring/troubleshooting/performance tuning and etc Decommission Old equipments (old technology) will be replace
  • 35. TMN-layer: a managementhierarchy reference model
  • 36. Management layer TMN (telecommunication Management network) Network element Element management Network management Service management Business management
  • 37. Network element It means “the management agent “ It involves with the management functionality Communication pattern (protocols)
  • 38. Element management Involve managing the individual devices and keep them running Functions such as to view and change a network element’s configuration To monitor alarm messages emitted from elements To instruct network elements to run self- test
  • 39. Network management Concern with keeping the network running as a whole (end-to-end) Monitoring that involves ensuring that data flow to reach destination with acceptable throughput and delay Managing multiple devices in a concerted fashion
  • 40. Service management Managing the services that the network provides and ensuring those services are running smoothly Let’s think as ISP (Internet service provider) ?
  • 41. Business management Billing and invoicing Help desk management Business forecasting Etc ?
  • 42. Applied Networking-IV (2231114) Lecture Week-11 Basic of Network Management Final Word Lecture by: Djadja.Sardjana, S.T., M.M. Network Management Fundamentals- 3m48