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It began after Herschel Grynszpan, a 17 year old Jew living in Paris, shot and killed a member of the German Embassy staff because of the poor treatment his father and his family suffered through in the hands of the Nazi party
Because of this, the Grynszpan family and over 15,000 other Jews were transported by train and dumped at the Polish border
How it began (cont.)
The shooting in Paris gave Hitler and the propaganda minister, Joseph Goebbels, a good reason to begin the extermination of the Jews or in Hitler’s words, “rise in bloody vengeance against the Jews.“
Joseph Goebbels inspired the Hitler Youth and other Germans to burn down and break windows in Jewish shops, and synagogues in order to make everyone believe that the Jews truly deserved to be punished
The Infamous Night
On November 9, mob violence broke out as the German police stood by and crowds of spectators watched. Nazi storm troopers, members of the SS, and Hitler Youth beat and murdered Jews, broke into and wrecked Jewish homes and synagogues, and brutalized Jewish women and children.
Some of the main targets for the mobs were synagogues.
The angry mobs were trying to…
Destroy the insides of the synagogues
Burn down the synagogues
Vandalize the walls
Burn the torah scrolls
Hechingen Synagogue in Germany after Kristallnacht
It was later decided to transfer all Jewish property to the “Aryans”
All the burned down synagogues were turned into parking lots
About 25,000 Jews were rounded up and sent to concentration camps
After Kristallnacht, Reinhard Heydrich reported the death toll and results from Kristallnacht