Participles

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Participles

  1. 1. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>A verb form that is used as an ADJECTIVE. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAST or PRESENT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End in –ing, -d, -ed, –en, -t </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>Participles can be found at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence, but they MUST BE relatively close to the noun or pronoun they modify. </li></ul><ul><li>Participles are ONE WORD. </li></ul><ul><li>Participial phrases consist of that ONE WORD plus modifiers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>STEPS to finding the </li></ul><ul><li>participle or participial phrase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Find the subject. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Find the real verb . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Look for other words that look like verbs (word endings are the clue). </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The pouring rain drove us inside for the party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Pouring” is the participle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It describes rain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid getting the participle confused with the REAL verb – in this case “drove.” </li></ul></ul></ul>EXAMPLE #1
  5. 5. EXAMPLE #2 <ul><li>The marine biologist, diving near a reef , saw a shark. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ diving ” is the participle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ near a reef ” is the modifier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This phrase describes the biologist. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject and real verb: biologist saw </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. EXAMPLE #3 <ul><li>Known for her patience , Mrs. Garcia was his favorite teacher. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ known ” is the participle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ for her patience ” is the modifier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This phrase describes Mrs. Garcia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject and REAL verb : Mrs. Garcia was </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. PARTICIPLES & PARTICIPIAL PHRASES <ul><li>Twirling their canes , the dancers tapped across the stage. </li></ul><ul><li>She heard me sighing loudly . </li></ul><ul><li>A peeled and sliced cucumber can be added to a garden salad. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The bike had a broken spoke. </li></ul><ul><li>Her smiling face made everyone happy. </li></ul><ul><li>The frightened child was crying loudly. </li></ul><ul><li>The people were frightened by the growling dog. </li></ul><ul><li>The squeaking wheel needs some grease. </li></ul>PRACTICE…
  9. 9. <ul><li>Running slowly, the man finished the race. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy, crying his head off, finally did his work. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher, retiring at a young age, could now travel widely. </li></ul><ul><li>Tripping over the cords, the man fell on his face. </li></ul>PRACTICE…
  10. 10. What’s wrong with these? <ul><li>11. I saw my birthday gift peeking through the window. </li></ul><ul><li>12. Tripping over the cords, the computer fell off the table. </li></ul><ul><li>These are called Dangling Participles - and they are WRONG. Avoid them at all costs and don’t let your participles dangle in public! </li></ul>

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