Complements

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Complements

  1. 1. Complements (Not the ones you give to other people, like I like your outfit!)
  2. 2. A complement is <ul><li>A word or group of words that completes the predicate of the sentence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Predicate Nominative <ul><li>Noun or pronoun that explains or identifies the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Follows a linking verb </li></ul><ul><li>Angela will be our soloist . </li></ul><ul><li>A whale is a mammal . </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Hint <ul><li>You should be able to reverse the subject with the predicate nominative . </li></ul><ul><li>Think of a mirror image. </li></ul><ul><li>Angela is our soloist. </li></ul><ul><li>Our soloist is Angela. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Predicate adjective <ul><li>An adjective that modifies the subject </li></ul><ul><li>Follows a linking verb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The soup is too hot . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The plant looks dry. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. A Hint <ul><li>If the subject is a noun, then you should be able to put the predicate adjective in front of the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>The man is sunburned . </li></ul><ul><li>The sunburned man… </li></ul>
  7. 7. 3. Direct Object <ul><li>Noun or pronoun that receives or shows the result of an action. </li></ul><ul><li>Answers the question “what”? or “whom”? </li></ul><ul><li>Follows an action verb </li></ul><ul><li>Her poem won an award . </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself “poem won what”? </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4. Indirect Object <ul><li>Noun or pronoun that is before the DO and tells “to whom” or “for whom” </li></ul><ul><li>Follows an action verb </li></ul><ul><li>You can’t have an IO without a DO </li></ul><ul><li>Sam sold me the football tickets. </li></ul><ul><li>(ask yourself “sold tickets to whom”?) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Here is a flow chart to help you identify complements. Identify the verb Action verb Linking Verb Say the verb and “who” or “ what” = direct object Say the verb and “ to whom” or “ for whom” = indirect object Noun renames the subject = predicate nominative Adjective describing the subject = predicate adjective

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