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  • OMG thank you! i couldn't figure out how an infinitive could be used as a noun..now i got it..i think..is it:
    if it acts as the subject of the sentence ex: (To keep) the dog you have to train it. Because it is a command sentence, the subject is 'you' it is used as a subject(noun) ......so it is a noun is that right???please answer..otherwise i just failed my brothers quiz for him and sorry if its confusing (just re-read it really slow-like:)
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Infinitives PowerPoint Infinitives PowerPoint Presentation Transcript

  • Infinitives The final verbal…..
  • Infinitives
    • are verbals which means they are verbs that act as other parts of speech.
    • Remember the other verbals?
      • Participles act as ADJECTIVES.
      • Gerunds act as NOUNS, which in turn act as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, predicate nominatives, objects of prepositions, and appositives.
  • Infinitives
    • act as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs
    • An infinitive is the TO form of a verb
    • The infinitive of run… is TO RUN
    • The infinitive of scream… is TO SCREAM
    • The infinitive of eat… is TO EAT
  • WARNING
    • Please note the difference between the following!
    • To THE MALL and to swim
    • One is an infinitive, and the other is a prepositional phrase. Do NOT get these confused.
    • If “to” is followed by a noun or pronoun, then it is a prepositional phrase. VERBALS ARE ABOUT VERBS! 
  • Infinitives as Nouns
    • Just like gerunds, they act as subjects, direct objects, and predicate nominatives. NOTE: They do not act as objects of the preposition or indirect objects…. This IS different!
    • Look at the following! First, find the infinitive that is being used as a noun, and then determine which role it is playing!
    • To err is human.
    • To err is human. Subject
    • Riff always wanted to act.
    • Riff always wanted to act . Direct object
    • Maria’s dream is to marry Tony.
  • Infinitives as Adjectives
    • Like all adjectives, infinitives acting as adjectives modify NOUNS or PRONOUNS!
    • The candidate to trust is Tony.
    • Note that the infinitive is to trust and that it is modifying or describing candidate.
  • More adjective examples….
    • Those are the easiest dogs to train.
    • Those are the easiest dogs to train . (note that to train modifies DOGS.
    • He has a great ability to paint.
    • He has a great ability to paint . ( To paint modifies ability, which is a noun.)
  • Infinitives as Adverbs
    • Infinitives also act as adverbs; they must modify VERBS, ADJECTIVES, or other ADVERBS.
    • They act like adverb prepositional phrases.
  • Infinitives as Adverbs
    • Consider these examples….
    • The team was slow to score.
    • To score modifies the word “slow.” Slow is an adjective.
    • My grandmother has come to stay.
    • To stay modifies the verb, come.
  • Now…. YOU TRY!!! First, find the infinitive and then determine how it is functioning in the sentence!
    • Our assignment was to read that book.
    • Our assignment was to read that book. PN
    • We were asked to memorize this poem.
    • We were asked to memorize this poem. DO
    • He was eager to experience college.
    • He was eager to experience college. Adv.
    • The person to help you is Doc!
    • The person to help you is Doc! Adj.
    • To leave town is relaxing!
    • To leave town is relaxing! Subj.
  • A final point….
    • Sometimes, an infinitive has an elliptical “to.”
    • Elliptical means silent or understood. This word is used throughout English grammar!
    • The “to” may be left out completely.
    • He will help us paddle to shore.
    • He will help us TO paddle to shore.
    • Watch out for these!