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  • 1. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Challenges and requirements for standardisation of open budgetary data in the Brazilian public administration Marcelo Tavares de Santana and Gisele da Silva Craveiro University of São Paulo Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation
  • 2. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Outline ● Motivation ● Background ● Methodology ● Results and Discussion ● Conclusion and Future Work
  • 3. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Motivation ● Access to information is essential for transparency in government actions – Budgetary data on the web – Better access, good for democracy (IMF, OECD,IFAC) ● Web portals observed in many countries since early 2000s ● Heterogeneity levels, no standards ● Open Government Data and Open Government initiatives since 2009 ● New elements to this discussion
  • 4. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Brazilian context ● Brazilian legal recommendation demands the public entities to disclose in real time, detailed information on the financial and budget execution, in accessible electronic media. ● It has started in 2009 and in May 2013 was the final deadline for compliance. ● Budgetary data disclosure still not compliant with the laws ● Brazil as an Open Government Partnership member (former co-chair)
  • 5. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Methodology ● Exploratory research ● Brazilian legal framework on budgetary disclosure on the web ● Consumers point of view ● Data and Information Quality research works ● Documents from organizations that work with publication and consumption of open gov data ● Diagnostic and some challenges perceived
  • 6. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Requirements identified complete primary timely acessible machine processable non-discriminatory non-proprietary license-free permanence low usage costs on the Web unique identifier link data SLF, 2010 BERNERS-LEE, 2009 OGWG, 2007 OGD PRINCIPLES LINKED DATA provenance information HARTIG, 2009 providing alternatives of access SHERIDAN and TENNISON, 2010 make discoverable OKF, 2011 vocabulary versioning KÄFER et al., 2012 use metadata ZUIDERWIJK et al., 2012 POWELL, 2009
  • 7. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 ALONSO, 2004 Layers of an Information System Model
  • 8. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Resource Management Layer complete primary timely acessible machine processable non-discriminatory non-proprietary license-free permanence low usage costs on the Web unique identifier link data OGD PRINCIPLES LINKED DATA provenance information providing alternatives of access make discoverable vocabulary versioning use metadata
  • 9. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Application Logic Layer complete primary timely acessible machine processable non-discriminatory non-proprietary license-free permanence low usage costs on the Web unique identifier link data OGD PRINCIPLES LINKED DATA provenance information providing alternatives of access make discoverable vocabulary versioning use metadata
  • 10. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Presentation layer complete primary timely acessible machine processable non-discriminatory non-proprietary license-free permanence low usage costs on the Web unique identifier link data OGD PRINCIPLES LINKED DATA provenance information providing alternatives of access make discoverable vocabulary versioning use metadata
  • 11. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 client = data consumers complete primary timely acessible machine processable non-proprietary license-free permanence low usage costs on the Web unique identifier link data OGD PRINCIPLES LINKED DATA provenance information providing alternatives of access make discoverable vocabulary versioning use metadata
  • 12. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Some challenges ● Brazil is a federation – 26 states, 5,570 municipalities ● Autonomy principle – diferente solutions ● Most initiatives classified as 2-star
  • 13. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Challenges - Brazilian outlook Complete 57.98% Primary 17.16% Timely 4.40% Accessible 86.73% Machine processable 30.07% Non-discriminatory 98.82% Non-proprietary 30.07% License-free 0% Compliance with OGD principles – 88 transparency portals and almost 300 datasets (Craveiro et al., 2013)
  • 14. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Some challenges ● To charge public managers to guarantee that the application logic layer solutions implemented extract all data from resources and represent complete and primary data in presentation layer. ● To convince managers to publish data into standards that are structured and can be linked. ● The lack of a standard also become hard the delivery of data in other formats, what increases data usage cost.
  • 15. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Conclusion ● Need for standardization – looking from the perspective of a data consumer. ● Derivation of requirements from scientific literature and civil society organizations reports ● Mapping this requirements to layers of an Information System model
  • 16. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Future Steps ● More exhautive literature review ● To explore Open Budget Index and related initiatives ● To prototype a proof of concept system
  • 17. Workshop on Open Gov Data Standardisation, INFORMATIK 2013 Questions and comments? Danke! Thank You! Obrigada! Gisele da Silva Craveiro, Marcelo Tavares de Santana giselesc@usp.br - marcelo.tavares@usp.br