21.1 - SW Asia Landforms & Resources


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A look at SW Asia and its landforms and resources.

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21.1 - SW Asia Landforms & Resources

  1. 1. Southwest Asia: Landforms and Resources
  2. 2. Southwest Asia. It looks like this:
  3. 3. <ul><li>Southwest Asia encompasses the area we typically think of as the Middle-East. </li></ul><ul><li>The place isn’t all a big desert, so let’s look at some of the landforms. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Peninsulas </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest peninsula is the Arabian peninsula, which is dominated by Saudi Arabia </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The other big one is the Anatolian Peninsula, which is modern-day Turkey. </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Waterways </li></ul><ul><li>Red Sea </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Suez Canal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connects the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea, which makes it a very important waterway. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>Black Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just above Turkey. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>Bosporus and Dardanelle Straits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Straits that connect the Black Sea with the Mediterranean. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very important location since they control sea access between the two seas as well as land access from Europe to the Middle East. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 16. Turkey’s capital city of Istanbul (it was once Constantinople) is located on the Bosporus Strait.
  11. 19. <ul><li>Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Arabian Sea is north of the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf is sandwiched between Saudi Arabia and Iran. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 20. <ul><ul><li>They’re connected by the Straits of Hormuz </li></ul></ul>
  13. 21. <ul><ul><li>This area is very important because this is where all the Middle Eastern oil is shipped from. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 22. <ul><li>Dead Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We’ve looked at this one before, but one more time! </li></ul></ul>
  15. 23. <ul><ul><li>The saltiest lake is the Dead Sea in Israel and Jordan. It has no outlet and a high evaporation rate, so the salt concentrates even more. It’s so salty (about nine times that of the ocean), it can’t support life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Its shores are also the lowest dry point on Earth: about 1,350 feet below sea level (you’re currently about 45 feet above sea level) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And the salinity (saltiness) allows you to float without effort. Like these guys: </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 24. That’s because the water is so much denser than you that it makes you naturally buoyant. Just don’t get the water in your eyes. It’ll sting.
  17. 25. <ul><li>Jordan River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important water source that also serves as the boundary between Israel and Jordan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flows into the Dead Sea. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 26. <ul><li>Tigris and Euphrates Rivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twin rivers that run through modern-day Iraq. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 27. <ul><ul><li>The land in between the two rivers is very fertile and a lot of agriculture takes place there. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of this, the area is known as the fertile crescent. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of the earliest civilizations developed here because of its agricultural bounty. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 28. <ul><li>Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the Arabian Peninsula is dry, sandy, and flat. There’s not much there. </li></ul><ul><li>The wadis are dry riverbeds. </li></ul>
  21. 29. <ul><li>Highlands and mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Iranian plateau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central area of Iran is on a plateau and surrounded by mountains. The area is laregly desert-like. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 31. <ul><li>The bulk of the Anatolian Peninsula is also a plateau </li></ul>
  23. 32. <ul><li>Hejaz Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On the southwestern Arabian Peninsula </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hindu Kush Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In eastern Afghanistan </li></ul></ul>
  24. 33. <ul><li>Zagros Mountains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On western edge of Iran </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elburz Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Taurus Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains Mountains </li></ul>
  25. 34. <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Oil. Black gold. Texas Tea. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There’s a lot of it in SW Asia… roughly half of the known oil reserves are in this region, which makes it rather important. </li></ul></ul>