9.1 - Landforms and Resources of Latin America

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Landforms of Latin America.

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9.1 - Landforms and Resources of Latin America

  1. 1. Latin America: Landforms and Resources
  2. 2. Latin America – it looks like this:
  3. 3. Another view:
  4. 4. <ul><li>Mountains and Highlands </li></ul><ul><li>The Andes Mountains </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>This is a continuation of the mountain chain that runs through the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes the Rockies in North America, the Sierra Madres in Mexico, and the Andes here in South America. </li></ul><ul><li>Because these mountains run along the western side, it make it difficult to travel. So most people in South America have settled in the east or north. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Despite the rough terrain, some of the greatest South American civilizations were located in the Andes, such as the Incas. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Other highlands include the Guiana Highlands </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Plains </li></ul><ul><li>Llanos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grassy and treeless plains in Columbia and Venezuela. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for grazing livestock. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Cerrado </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansive Brazilian plains. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Pampas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In northern Argentina and Uruguay. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This area is home to the gauchos – South American cowboys. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second longest river in the world (next to the Nile), but has the greatest volume of water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More water travels along it than the next seven rivers combined. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The average discharge of the Amazon is 219,000 cubic meters per second. That’s nearly 58 million gallons per second!!! That’s 8 trillion gallons per day. It’s a fifth of the total fresh water entering the oceans. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>During the rainy season, it can nearly 80 millions gallons per second. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flows from the Andes in the west to the east and empties into the Atlantic. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>It’s over 4,000 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s average depth is 150 feet and is up to 300 feet deep near the mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Its width ranges from 1 to 35 miles. </li></ul><ul><li>Fed by many tributaries, four of which are over 1,000 miles long themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s some river. </li></ul>
  13. 19. <ul><li>Orinoco River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,500 mile river, mainly in Venezuela. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The basin drains both Venezuela and some of Columbia. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Parana River </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,000 mile river that exits around Buenos Aries. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 21. <ul><li>Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly in the Caribbean. They’re sometimes known as the West Indies. </li></ul><ul><li>Bahamas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hundreds of islands around Florida and Cuba. Capital is Nassau. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 22. Bahamian beaches. What dumps. Who needs this when you have…
  17. 23. Galveston.
  18. 24. <ul><li>Greater Antilles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The larger islands. Made up of… </li></ul></ul>Cuba Jamaica Hispaniola Puerto Rico
  19. 25. <ul><li>Lesser Antilles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The smaller islands. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided into the Windward Islands – those that face winds that blow across them – and the Leeward Islands – those that are more sheltered from the winds. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 26. <ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South America produces a great many minerals, such as gold, silver, iron, copper, and aluminum. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mexico and Venezuela have large oil reserves that bring in a lot of money. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 27. We’ll end by looking at Angel Falls in Venezuela, the tallest waterfall in the world at 3,200 feet (the Empire State Building is only 1,250 feet).

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