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Geography Of North Africa


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Geography Of North Africa

  1. 1. North Africa
  2. 2. Countries in North Africa Morocco Algeria Tunisia Libya Egypt vid
  3. 3. The Nile River <ul><li>The Nile River is the world’s longest river, but is formed by 2 rivers: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Blue River </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The White River </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Nile River…con’t <ul><li>Flows from the South to North (which is down to up on a map)…Think about it…Sounds a little weird, but it’s true </li></ul><ul><li>Flows about 4,000 miles until it empties into the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Africa  North Africa </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>When the Nile empties out into the Mediterranean it creates a large… </li></ul>The Nile River…con’t DELTA! A landform at the end of a river that is created by the deposit of sediment from the river but what is a delta?
  6. 6. <ul><li>The sediment and the silt have made the land surrounding the northern part of the Nile very fertile . </li></ul><ul><li>Silt is finely ground fertile soil that is good for growing crops. </li></ul>The Nile River…con’t
  7. 7. The Nile River…con’t The drainage basin of the Nile River covers roughly 10% of the entire continent.
  8. 8. The Big Question <ul><li>Knowing that Nile is very fertile and what we know about rivers in other regions, </li></ul><ul><li>what do you believe the Nile River is used for in North Africa? Is it used </li></ul><ul><li>differently than other rivers in other parts of Africa? </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Sinai… Peninsula
  10. 10. What is a peninsula? 1 2 3 Land surrounded by water on three different sides Land surrounded by water on three different sides
  11. 11. The Suez Canal
  12. 12. The Big Question Why is it important that the Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea? What purpose does this canal serve?
  13. 13. The Sahara Desert MYTH: The Sahara Desert is the largest desert in the world. FACT: The Sahara Desert is the 2nd largest desert in the world. Does anyone know the largest desert?
  14. 14. Antarctica But the Sahara is the largest hot desert in the world.
  15. 15. The Sahara Desert…con’t
  16. 16. The Big Question What is an oasis? Why are they important for the people of the Sahara Desert?
  17. 17. Mountain Ranges You may have thought the deserts were flat… YOU THOUGHT WRONG! The Atlas Mountains are located near the Mediterranean Coast. The Sahara Desert also has sand dunes that reach 1000 feet.
  18. 18. Climate and Resources Very dry climate, but has 3 main climates: <ul><li>Desert - dry and hot </li></ul><ul><li>2. Mediterranean - hot, dry summers and cold,wet winters </li></ul><ul><li>3. Steppe - dry, tropical, and a short wet season </li></ul>
  19. 19. Climate and Resources…con’t Oil and gas are important resources for Libya, Egypt, and Algeria. The Sahara has natural resources such as natural gas, coal, and oil. Morocco mines iron ore and minerals used to make fertilizers for soil.
  20. 20. The Big Question Why do many Moroccans mine for minerals to make fertilizers? (THINK ABOUT THE NILE RIVER)