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  • When preparing your notes, could you focus on how this technology/legislation/etc. will affect the future of libraries, especially the NEED for librarians? This is a hot topic among my peers and especially among the public, as I'm sure you are aware.
  • Which format is best?
  • Access to thousands of eBooks
  • Other features -- MP3 playing capabilities, many features that belong on a smart phone (web browsing, etc.), but still thought of as single use devicesGreen (less paper) + books never go out of printMostly best sellers and public domain books, future may bring more books that would not ordinarily make it into print due to limited demand
  • “Gadgets give you the opportunity to show off new and exciting technologies to those who may never own one for themselves, in much the same way that libraries have found that providing computers and Internet access was an important function of the late twentieth-century library. They allow you to extend your services and do more with less. If you haven’t tried out an e-reader or an iPod Touch…try some gadgets out in your library. You might be surprised how much you, and your patrons, like them.” Jason Griffery
  • Risk of competition with eReader formats
  • If library users want to access our eBooks, they have to go to a website, download a software platform & maybe some plug-ins, log-in, find the book they want, download the book, and then transfer it to their mobile device — all laden with soul-sucking DRM. The problem with eBooks is ownership. If you’ve paid for eContent, the vendor can say that you can’t loan it, sell it, or donate it. That is a major problem for libraries. If you don’t continue your subscription with the company, they may take that “owned” content away (or the access to it, which is pretty much the same thing). Many people are reading on eBook readers like the Nook & Kindle, but also they are using the iPad, and phones as well (e.g. iPhone, Android phone).
  • Copia is a social network for books…kind of like LibraryThing but it’s also a platform for books in addition to being a network about books. It will be in beta in February. Blio is a platform solution developed by the American Federation for the Blind and Ray Kurzweil. It allows for easy tie-in from the audio file to the text. This would be useful for people learning to read, people with disabilities, and young children. Blio has worked really hard to tie audio and text together seamlessly.

eBooks, eReaders and eBooks, eReaders and Presentation Transcript

  • eBooks, eReaders and Their Impact on Libraries
    Denise O’Shea
    Systems Librarian & Technical Support Specialist
    Fairleigh Dickinson University
  • Fairleigh Dickinson University
    Large, private university
    2 campuses in the U.S.
    College at Florham (Morris County, NJ)
    Metropolitan Campus (Bergen County, NJ)
    2 international campuses
    Vancouver, Canada
    Wroxton, England
    12,000 students
    8,585 Undergraduates
    262 Full-time faculty
  • Denise O’Shea
    Systems Librarian in the Office of Information Resources Technology
    Project leader for the FDU Library eReader pilot project
    Coordinates management of the ILS
    Interests include the exploration and application of emerging technologies and social networking tools in the library
  • A Little History
    eBooks and eReaders have been around a long time
    1970s Project Guttenberg begins digitizing books
    2000 Overdrive begins offering downloadable titles
    2002 NetLibrary purchased by OCLC
    First eReaders appeared on the market in 1998
    2007 the debut of the Kindle
  • What is an eBook?
    The digital media equivalent of a printed book. Accessed via computer or an eReader
    At least 15 different file formats
    Kindle, text, epub, html, pdf, mobi, prc, etc.
    Epub
    Open format – not proprietary
    Default standard but not everyone (Kindle) uses it
    There are millions of free eBooks available
  • eBook Benefits
    E-books are very popular with college students
    Available 24/7
    No need to visit the library
    Great for last minute research
    Powerful search functions
    Costs
    Durability
    0 time spent shelving items
    No check-in/check-out
    Flexible presentation (font, etc.)
  • eBook Limitations
    DRM
    Title availability
    Visual quality
    Sharing limitations
    Some users uncomfortable with digital
  • What is an eReader?
    A reading device with an electronic paper display. Readers:
    Have access to books, magazines, newspapers, blogs
    Can take notes, highlight and bookmark text
    An audio player:
    mp3s, audio books
    A web browser (some devices)
  • Different Models of eReaders
    Amazon Kindle
    Sony eReaders
    iPod Touch
  • eReader Benefits
    Convenience
    Weight
    Cost of e-book titles
    Additional features:
    Built-in dictionary
    Link to Wikipedia
    Text-to-Voice
    Other features
    Environmental factors
  • eReader Limitations
    Book formats and DRM
    Slow black and white e-ink display
    Highlighting, note-taking and page navigation
    Consumer privacy and e-book permanence
  • eReader Attributes
    Size
    Operating System
    Dedicated e-readers, Smartphone e-readers and other multipurpose devices
    E-ink or LCD
    Memory
    Connectivity
    Price
    B&W or Color
  • Amazon Kindle Features
    No backlight, but easy to read in direct sunlight
    Wireless access via AT&T’s 3G network
    Proprietary DRM format
    Support for other text formats and PDFs
    International wireless access (Kindle 2 only)
    Built-in keyboard, textbook-sized screen
    Text-to-speech, plus support for audio books
    Can store up to 3,500 eBooks
  • Sony Reader Touch Features
    6-inch touch screen
    Can print your notes
    Supports the e-pub format
    May borrow eBooks from public libraries
    No wireless access (PRS-900 only)
    No mobile app for smart phones, it’s in the works
    Can store up to 350 eBooks
    Have to install books via USB (most models)
  • iPod Touch Features
    Free Kindle app from Amazon
    Other e-book apps available from iTunes store
    Synchronize device with Kindle
    Does everything an iPhone can do, except make phone calls:
    Support for video, audio, color, graphics, email, SMS text
    Wireless access
    Safari browser
  • iPad Features
    Excellent e-book reader
    More like a book – flip the pages by touch
    Color
    Large screen size
    On screen keyboard
    Accessibility built in
    More than an e-reader – games, Internet, audio, video, calendar, email, Twitter, Facebook, etc.
    No support for Flash, no multi-tasking
    Heavier than other e-readers
  • The Role of the Library
    Be better advocates for our readers no matter how they choose to consume content.Saint Petersburg College
  • Ideas for Libraries
    iPad as a ‘magic window’ -- Griffey
    Library Technology ‘Zoo’
    Library as a technology incubator – NCSU
    A platform on which to offer popular reading – FDU
    Electronic Reserves – Princeton
    Partner with academic departments
    Rapid ILL
  • Issues for Libraries
    Compatibilty
    Does it work with our library e-book collections?
    Does it work with our catalogs?
    Can patrons plug them into library PCs?
    Can our staff assist patrons with these devices?
    Can libraries loan e-readers to patrons?
    Accessibility
    Battery life, durability
  • Big Issues for Libraries
    Costs
    Content licensing and DRM
    The landscape for e-readers is constantly changing
    Ebrary – Kindle – Sony – Nook – iPad – Next?
  • Issues for Patrons
    Access to library eBooks
    Software/plug-ins required
    Overdrive offers ePub format
    Compatibility with eReaders
    Limits to copy/paste and print
    Issues with annotation
  • Predictions
    Ebooks and etextbooks will continue to grow in popularity
    The iPad will help grow the e-reader market
    Prices for e-readers will drop
    Affordable color e-readers will come on the market
  • On the Horizon
    Copia
    A social network for books
    Blio
    A platform solution developed by the American Federation for the Blind and Ray Kurzweil.
  • FDU eReader Initiative
    A mandate from the University President
    A collaborative effort involving:
    The campus libraries
    The Center for Teaching and Learning with Technology (CTLT)
    The Office of Information Resources Technology (OIRT)
  • The Library Pilot
    Each library circulates:
    4 Kindle DXs
    4 Sony Reader Touches (PRS-600 and 700)
    4 iPod Touches (2nd generation)
    Policies
    Devices may be borrowed for 1 week, with a 1 time renewal
    eReaders are pre-loaded with a selection of titles
    Borrowers are asked to participate in a survey
  • Project Expectations
    Investigate possible educational use of e-readers at FDU
    Collect feedback from students and faculty that borrow the devices:
    Do they like reading on the devices?
    Compared to other technology, are the devices ‘clunky’?
    Can they envision using e-readers for reading textbooks?
    Enhance image of campus libraries
  • The Survey
    Administered via Blackboard/WebCampus
    Response rate has been satisfactory
    Mix of student, faculty and staff borrowers
    Some patrons borrowed multiple devices for comparison purposes
  • Survey Respondents
  • Ease of use by device
  • Satisfaction by device
  • Textbook preference by user type
  • Required features for textbook use
  • Required features for textbook use
  • Project Mechanics
    Purchase devices and accessories
    Setup generic accounts with Amazon, iTunes and Sony
    Register, rename and configure devices
    Purchase and download e-book titles recommended by students and librarians
    Establish circulation policy in ILS
    Barcode and catalog devices
    Package devices, accessories and tip sheets for circulation
    Advertise availability of new service
  • Training
    Library staff are trained in e-reader basics
    Turning devices on and off
    Navigating the list of titles
    Opening and reading a book
    Charging batteries
    Borrowers are provided with 1 page tip sheets
    Vendor documentation is embedded on devices
  • Issues and Constraints
    Establishing an Amazon corporate account
    Use of credit cards to purchase digital content
    Amazon’s 1-click option
    Tracking number of e-book licenses
    Purchasing eBooks ‘on-the-fly’
    1 generic account or multiple e-reader accounts
    Limitations of Sony’s e-reader software
    Risk that iPod borrowers may not actually read anything
  • Next Steps
    Launch academic e-reader pilot program in Spring 2010
    Continue loaning e-readers through the library
    Further analysis
  • Web Resources
    http://view.fdu.edu/default.aspx?id=7467 – eReader pilot program at FDU
    http://ireaderreview.com/ -- a blog about eReaders.
    http://mobile-libraries.blogspot.com/ -- the mobile libraries blog
    http://www.facebook.com/#/group.php?gid=14473239090 – eBook readers in libraries group
    http://www.amazon.com/gp/feature.html/?docId-1000412651 -- conducting your own Kindle pilot
    http://www.slideshare.net/lisacarlucci/mobile-access-to-ebooks-at-yale -- Study on access to eBooks at Yale
  • Q&A
    Contact info:
    oshea@fdu.edu