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eBooks, eReaders and

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  • When preparing your notes, could you focus on how this technology/legislation/etc. will affect the future of libraries, especially the NEED for librarians? This is a hot topic among my peers and especially among the public, as I'm sure you are aware.
  • Which format is best?
  • Access to thousands of eBooks
  • Other features -- MP3 playing capabilities, many features that belong on a smart phone (web browsing, etc.), but still thought of as single use devicesGreen (less paper) + books never go out of printMostly best sellers and public domain books, future may bring more books that would not ordinarily make it into print due to limited demand
  • “Gadgets give you the opportunity to show off new and exciting technologies to those who may never own one for themselves, in much the same way that libraries have found that providing computers and Internet access was an important function of the late twentieth-century library. They allow you to extend your services and do more with less. If you haven’t tried out an e-reader or an iPod Touch…try some gadgets out in your library. You might be surprised how much you, and your patrons, like them.” Jason Griffery
  • Risk of competition with eReader formats
  • If library users want to access our eBooks, they have to go to a website, download a software platform & maybe some plug-ins, log-in, find the book they want, download the book, and then transfer it to their mobile device — all laden with soul-sucking DRM. The problem with eBooks is ownership. If you’ve paid for eContent, the vendor can say that you can’t loan it, sell it, or donate it. That is a major problem for libraries. If you don’t continue your subscription with the company, they may take that “owned” content away (or the access to it, which is pretty much the same thing). Many people are reading on eBook readers like the Nook & Kindle, but also they are using the iPad, and phones as well (e.g. iPhone, Android phone).
  • Copia is a social network for books…kind of like LibraryThing but it’s also a platform for books in addition to being a network about books. It will be in beta in February. Blio is a platform solution developed by the American Federation for the Blind and Ray Kurzweil. It allows for easy tie-in from the audio file to the text. This would be useful for people learning to read, people with disabilities, and young children. Blio has worked really hard to tie audio and text together seamlessly.
  • Transcript

    • 1. eBooks, eReaders and Their Impact on Libraries
      Denise O’Shea
      Systems Librarian & Technical Support Specialist
      Fairleigh Dickinson University
    • 2. Fairleigh Dickinson University
      Large, private university
      2 campuses in the U.S.
      College at Florham (Morris County, NJ)
      Metropolitan Campus (Bergen County, NJ)
      2 international campuses
      Vancouver, Canada
      Wroxton, England
      12,000 students
      8,585 Undergraduates
      262 Full-time faculty
    • 3. Denise O’Shea
      Systems Librarian in the Office of Information Resources Technology
      Project leader for the FDU Library eReader pilot project
      Coordinates management of the ILS
      Interests include the exploration and application of emerging technologies and social networking tools in the library
    • 4. A Little History
      eBooks and eReaders have been around a long time
      1970s Project Guttenberg begins digitizing books
      2000 Overdrive begins offering downloadable titles
      2002 NetLibrary purchased by OCLC
      First eReaders appeared on the market in 1998
      2007 the debut of the Kindle
    • 5. What is an eBook?
      The digital media equivalent of a printed book. Accessed via computer or an eReader
      At least 15 different file formats
      Kindle, text, epub, html, pdf, mobi, prc, etc.
      Epub
      Open format – not proprietary
      Default standard but not everyone (Kindle) uses it
      There are millions of free eBooks available
    • 6. eBook Benefits
      E-books are very popular with college students
      Available 24/7
      No need to visit the library
      Great for last minute research
      Powerful search functions
      Costs
      Durability
      0 time spent shelving items
      No check-in/check-out
      Flexible presentation (font, etc.)
    • 7. eBook Limitations
      DRM
      Title availability
      Visual quality
      Sharing limitations
      Some users uncomfortable with digital
    • 8. What is an eReader?
      A reading device with an electronic paper display. Readers:
      Have access to books, magazines, newspapers, blogs
      Can take notes, highlight and bookmark text
      An audio player:
      mp3s, audio books
      A web browser (some devices)
    • 9. Different Models of eReaders
      Amazon Kindle
      Sony eReaders
      iPod Touch
    • 10. eReader Benefits
      Convenience
      Weight
      Cost of e-book titles
      Additional features:
      Built-in dictionary
      Link to Wikipedia
      Text-to-Voice
      Other features
      Environmental factors
    • 11. eReader Limitations
      Book formats and DRM
      Slow black and white e-ink display
      Highlighting, note-taking and page navigation
      Consumer privacy and e-book permanence
    • 12. eReader Attributes
      Size
      Operating System
      Dedicated e-readers, Smartphone e-readers and other multipurpose devices
      E-ink or LCD
      Memory
      Connectivity
      Price
      B&W or Color
    • 13. Amazon Kindle Features
      No backlight, but easy to read in direct sunlight
      Wireless access via AT&T’s 3G network
      Proprietary DRM format
      Support for other text formats and PDFs
      International wireless access (Kindle 2 only)
      Built-in keyboard, textbook-sized screen
      Text-to-speech, plus support for audio books
      Can store up to 3,500 eBooks
    • 14. Sony Reader Touch Features
      6-inch touch screen
      Can print your notes
      Supports the e-pub format
      May borrow eBooks from public libraries
      No wireless access (PRS-900 only)
      No mobile app for smart phones, it’s in the works
      Can store up to 350 eBooks
      Have to install books via USB (most models)
    • 15. iPod Touch Features
      Free Kindle app from Amazon
      Other e-book apps available from iTunes store
      Synchronize device with Kindle
      Does everything an iPhone can do, except make phone calls:
      Support for video, audio, color, graphics, email, SMS text
      Wireless access
      Safari browser
    • 16. iPad Features
      Excellent e-book reader
      More like a book – flip the pages by touch
      Color
      Large screen size
      On screen keyboard
      Accessibility built in
      More than an e-reader – games, Internet, audio, video, calendar, email, Twitter, Facebook, etc.
      No support for Flash, no multi-tasking
      Heavier than other e-readers
    • 17. The Role of the Library
      Be better advocates for our readers no matter how they choose to consume content.Saint Petersburg College
    • 18. Ideas for Libraries
      iPad as a ‘magic window’ -- Griffey
      Library Technology ‘Zoo’
      Library as a technology incubator – NCSU
      A platform on which to offer popular reading – FDU
      Electronic Reserves – Princeton
      Partner with academic departments
      Rapid ILL
    • 19. Issues for Libraries
      Compatibilty
      Does it work with our library e-book collections?
      Does it work with our catalogs?
      Can patrons plug them into library PCs?
      Can our staff assist patrons with these devices?
      Can libraries loan e-readers to patrons?
      Accessibility
      Battery life, durability
    • 20. Big Issues for Libraries
      Costs
      Content licensing and DRM
      The landscape for e-readers is constantly changing
      Ebrary – Kindle – Sony – Nook – iPad – Next?
    • 21. Issues for Patrons
      Access to library eBooks
      Software/plug-ins required
      Overdrive offers ePub format
      Compatibility with eReaders
      Limits to copy/paste and print
      Issues with annotation
    • 22. Predictions
      Ebooks and etextbooks will continue to grow in popularity
      The iPad will help grow the e-reader market
      Prices for e-readers will drop
      Affordable color e-readers will come on the market
    • 23. On the Horizon
      Copia
      A social network for books
      Blio
      A platform solution developed by the American Federation for the Blind and Ray Kurzweil.
    • 24. FDU eReader Initiative
      A mandate from the University President
      A collaborative effort involving:
      The campus libraries
      The Center for Teaching and Learning with Technology (CTLT)
      The Office of Information Resources Technology (OIRT)
    • 25. The Library Pilot
      Each library circulates:
      4 Kindle DXs
      4 Sony Reader Touches (PRS-600 and 700)
      4 iPod Touches (2nd generation)
      Policies
      Devices may be borrowed for 1 week, with a 1 time renewal
      eReaders are pre-loaded with a selection of titles
      Borrowers are asked to participate in a survey
    • 26. Project Expectations
      Investigate possible educational use of e-readers at FDU
      Collect feedback from students and faculty that borrow the devices:
      Do they like reading on the devices?
      Compared to other technology, are the devices ‘clunky’?
      Can they envision using e-readers for reading textbooks?
      Enhance image of campus libraries
    • 27. The Survey
      Administered via Blackboard/WebCampus
      Response rate has been satisfactory
      Mix of student, faculty and staff borrowers
      Some patrons borrowed multiple devices for comparison purposes
    • 28. Survey Respondents
    • 29. Ease of use by device
    • 30. Satisfaction by device
    • 31. Textbook preference by user type
    • 32. Required features for textbook use
    • 33. Required features for textbook use
    • 34. Project Mechanics
      Purchase devices and accessories
      Setup generic accounts with Amazon, iTunes and Sony
      Register, rename and configure devices
      Purchase and download e-book titles recommended by students and librarians
      Establish circulation policy in ILS
      Barcode and catalog devices
      Package devices, accessories and tip sheets for circulation
      Advertise availability of new service
    • 35. Training
      Library staff are trained in e-reader basics
      Turning devices on and off
      Navigating the list of titles
      Opening and reading a book
      Charging batteries
      Borrowers are provided with 1 page tip sheets
      Vendor documentation is embedded on devices
    • 36. Issues and Constraints
      Establishing an Amazon corporate account
      Use of credit cards to purchase digital content
      Amazon’s 1-click option
      Tracking number of e-book licenses
      Purchasing eBooks ‘on-the-fly’
      1 generic account or multiple e-reader accounts
      Limitations of Sony’s e-reader software
      Risk that iPod borrowers may not actually read anything
    • 37. Next Steps
      Launch academic e-reader pilot program in Spring 2010
      Continue loaning e-readers through the library
      Further analysis
    • 38. Web Resources
      http://view.fdu.edu/default.aspx?id=7467 – eReader pilot program at FDU
      http://ireaderreview.com/ -- a blog about eReaders.
      http://mobile-libraries.blogspot.com/ -- the mobile libraries blog
      http://www.facebook.com/#/group.php?gid=14473239090 – eBook readers in libraries group
      http://www.amazon.com/gp/feature.html/?docId-1000412651 -- conducting your own Kindle pilot
      http://www.slideshare.net/lisacarlucci/mobile-access-to-ebooks-at-yale -- Study on access to eBooks at Yale
    • 39. Q&A
      Contact info:
      oshea@fdu.edu