eBooks, eReaders and


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  • When preparing your notes, could you focus on how this technology/legislation/etc. will affect the future of libraries, especially the NEED for librarians? This is a hot topic among my peers and especially among the public, as I'm sure you are aware.
  • Which format is best?
  • Access to thousands of eBooks
  • Other features -- MP3 playing capabilities, many features that belong on a smart phone (web browsing, etc.), but still thought of as single use devicesGreen (less paper) + books never go out of printMostly best sellers and public domain books, future may bring more books that would not ordinarily make it into print due to limited demand
  • “Gadgets give you the opportunity to show off new and exciting technologies to those who may never own one for themselves, in much the same way that libraries have found that providing computers and Internet access was an important function of the late twentieth-century library. They allow you to extend your services and do more with less. If you haven’t tried out an e-reader or an iPod Touch…try some gadgets out in your library. You might be surprised how much you, and your patrons, like them.” Jason Griffery
  • Risk of competition with eReader formats
  • If library users want to access our eBooks, they have to go to a website, download a software platform & maybe some plug-ins, log-in, find the book they want, download the book, and then transfer it to their mobile device — all laden with soul-sucking DRM. The problem with eBooks is ownership. If you’ve paid for eContent, the vendor can say that you can’t loan it, sell it, or donate it. That is a major problem for libraries. If you don’t continue your subscription with the company, they may take that “owned” content away (or the access to it, which is pretty much the same thing). Many people are reading on eBook readers like the Nook & Kindle, but also they are using the iPad, and phones as well (e.g. iPhone, Android phone).
  • Copia is a social network for books…kind of like LibraryThing but it’s also a platform for books in addition to being a network about books. It will be in beta in February. Blio is a platform solution developed by the American Federation for the Blind and Ray Kurzweil. It allows for easy tie-in from the audio file to the text. This would be useful for people learning to read, people with disabilities, and young children. Blio has worked really hard to tie audio and text together seamlessly.
  • eBooks, eReaders and

    1. 1. eBooks, eReaders and Their Impact on Libraries<br />Denise O’Shea<br />Systems Librarian & Technical Support Specialist<br />Fairleigh Dickinson University <br />
    2. 2. Fairleigh Dickinson University<br />Large, private university<br />2 campuses in the U.S.<br />College at Florham (Morris County, NJ)<br />Metropolitan Campus (Bergen County, NJ)<br />2 international campuses<br />Vancouver, Canada<br />Wroxton, England<br />12,000 students<br />8,585 Undergraduates<br />262 Full-time faculty<br />
    3. 3. Denise O’Shea<br />Systems Librarian in the Office of Information Resources Technology<br />Project leader for the FDU Library eReader pilot project<br />Coordinates management of the ILS<br />Interests include the exploration and application of emerging technologies and social networking tools in the library<br />
    4. 4. A Little History<br />eBooks and eReaders have been around a long time<br />1970s Project Guttenberg begins digitizing books<br />2000 Overdrive begins offering downloadable titles<br />2002 NetLibrary purchased by OCLC<br />First eReaders appeared on the market in 1998<br />2007 the debut of the Kindle<br />
    5. 5. What is an eBook?<br />The digital media equivalent of a printed book. Accessed via computer or an eReader<br />At least 15 different file formats<br />Kindle, text, epub, html, pdf, mobi, prc, etc.<br />Epub<br />Open format – not proprietary<br />Default standard but not everyone (Kindle) uses it <br />There are millions of free eBooks available<br />
    6. 6. eBook Benefits<br />E-books are very popular with college students<br />Available 24/7<br />No need to visit the library<br />Great for last minute research<br />Powerful search functions<br />Costs<br />Durability<br />0 time spent shelving items<br />No check-in/check-out<br />Flexible presentation (font, etc.)<br />
    7. 7. eBook Limitations<br />DRM<br />Title availability<br />Visual quality<br />Sharing limitations<br />Some users uncomfortable with digital<br />
    8. 8. What is an eReader?<br />A reading device with an electronic paper display. Readers:<br />Have access to books, magazines, newspapers, blogs<br />Can take notes, highlight and bookmark text<br />An audio player:<br />mp3s, audio books<br />A web browser (some devices)<br />
    9. 9. Different Models of eReaders<br />Amazon Kindle<br />Sony eReaders<br />iPod Touch<br />
    10. 10. eReader Benefits<br />Convenience<br />Weight<br />Cost of e-book titles<br />Additional features:<br />Built-in dictionary<br />Link to Wikipedia<br />Text-to-Voice<br />Other features<br />Environmental factors<br />
    11. 11. eReader Limitations<br />Book formats and DRM<br />Slow black and white e-ink display<br />Highlighting, note-taking and page navigation<br />Consumer privacy and e-book permanence<br />
    12. 12. eReader Attributes<br />Size<br />Operating System<br />Dedicated e-readers, Smartphone e-readers and other multipurpose devices<br />E-ink or LCD<br />Memory<br />Connectivity<br />Price<br />B&W or Color<br />
    13. 13. Amazon Kindle Features<br />No backlight, but easy to read in direct sunlight<br />Wireless access via AT&T’s 3G network<br />Proprietary DRM format<br />Support for other text formats and PDFs<br />International wireless access (Kindle 2 only)<br />Built-in keyboard, textbook-sized screen<br />Text-to-speech, plus support for audio books<br />Can store up to 3,500 eBooks<br />
    14. 14. Sony Reader Touch Features<br />6-inch touch screen<br />Can print your notes<br />Supports the e-pub format<br />May borrow eBooks from public libraries<br />No wireless access (PRS-900 only)<br />No mobile app for smart phones, it’s in the works<br />Can store up to 350 eBooks<br />Have to install books via USB (most models)<br />
    15. 15. iPod Touch Features<br />Free Kindle app from Amazon<br />Other e-book apps available from iTunes store<br />Synchronize device with Kindle<br />Does everything an iPhone can do, except make phone calls:<br />Support for video, audio, color, graphics, email, SMS text<br />Wireless access<br />Safari browser<br />
    16. 16. iPad Features<br />Excellent e-book reader<br />More like a book – flip the pages by touch<br />Color<br />Large screen size<br />On screen keyboard<br />Accessibility built in<br />More than an e-reader – games, Internet, audio, video, calendar, email, Twitter, Facebook, etc.<br />No support for Flash, no multi-tasking<br />Heavier than other e-readers<br />
    17. 17. The Role of the Library<br />Be better advocates for our readers no matter how they choose to consume content.Saint Petersburg College<br />
    18. 18. Ideas for Libraries<br />iPad as a ‘magic window’ -- Griffey<br />Library Technology ‘Zoo’<br />Library as a technology incubator – NCSU<br />A platform on which to offer popular reading – FDU<br />Electronic Reserves – Princeton<br />Partner with academic departments<br />Rapid ILL<br />
    19. 19. Issues for Libraries<br />Compatibilty<br />Does it work with our library e-book collections?<br />Does it work with our catalogs?<br />Can patrons plug them into library PCs?<br />Can our staff assist patrons with these devices?<br />Can libraries loan e-readers to patrons?<br />Accessibility<br />Battery life, durability<br />
    20. 20. Big Issues for Libraries<br />Costs<br />Content licensing and DRM<br />The landscape for e-readers is constantly changing<br />Ebrary – Kindle – Sony – Nook – iPad – Next?<br />
    21. 21. Issues for Patrons<br />Access to library eBooks<br />Software/plug-ins required<br />Overdrive offers ePub format<br />Compatibility with eReaders<br />Limits to copy/paste and print<br />Issues with annotation<br />
    22. 22. Predictions<br />Ebooks and etextbooks will continue to grow in popularity<br />The iPad will help grow the e-reader market<br />Prices for e-readers will drop<br />Affordable color e-readers will come on the market<br />
    23. 23. On the Horizon<br />Copia<br />A social network for books<br />Blio<br />A platform solution developed by the American Federation for the Blind and Ray Kurzweil. <br />
    24. 24. FDU eReader Initiative<br />A mandate from the University President<br />A collaborative effort involving:<br />The campus libraries<br />The Center for Teaching and Learning with Technology (CTLT)<br />The Office of Information Resources Technology (OIRT)<br />
    25. 25. The Library Pilot<br />Each library circulates:<br />4 Kindle DXs<br />4 Sony Reader Touches (PRS-600 and 700)<br />4 iPod Touches (2nd generation)<br />Policies<br />Devices may be borrowed for 1 week, with a 1 time renewal<br />eReaders are pre-loaded with a selection of titles<br />Borrowers are asked to participate in a survey<br />
    26. 26. Project Expectations<br />Investigate possible educational use of e-readers at FDU<br />Collect feedback from students and faculty that borrow the devices:<br />Do they like reading on the devices?<br />Compared to other technology, are the devices ‘clunky’?<br />Can they envision using e-readers for reading textbooks?<br />Enhance image of campus libraries<br />
    27. 27. The Survey<br />Administered via Blackboard/WebCampus<br />Response rate has been satisfactory<br />Mix of student, faculty and staff borrowers<br />Some patrons borrowed multiple devices for comparison purposes<br />
    28. 28. Survey Respondents<br />
    29. 29. Ease of use by device<br />
    30. 30. Satisfaction by device<br />
    31. 31. Textbook preference by user type<br />
    32. 32. Required features for textbook use<br />
    33. 33. Required features for textbook use<br />
    34. 34. Project Mechanics<br />Purchase devices and accessories<br />Setup generic accounts with Amazon, iTunes and Sony<br />Register, rename and configure devices<br />Purchase and download e-book titles recommended by students and librarians<br />Establish circulation policy in ILS<br />Barcode and catalog devices<br />Package devices, accessories and tip sheets for circulation<br />Advertise availability of new service <br />
    35. 35. Training <br />Library staff are trained in e-reader basics<br />Turning devices on and off<br />Navigating the list of titles<br />Opening and reading a book<br />Charging batteries<br />Borrowers are provided with 1 page tip sheets<br />Vendor documentation is embedded on devices<br />
    36. 36. Issues and Constraints<br />Establishing an Amazon corporate account<br />Use of credit cards to purchase digital content<br />Amazon’s 1-click option<br />Tracking number of e-book licenses<br />Purchasing eBooks ‘on-the-fly’<br />1 generic account or multiple e-reader accounts<br />Limitations of Sony’s e-reader software<br />Risk that iPod borrowers may not actually read anything<br />
    37. 37. Next Steps<br />Launch academic e-reader pilot program in Spring 2010<br />Continue loaning e-readers through the library<br />Further analysis<br />
    38. 38. Web Resources<br />http://view.fdu.edu/default.aspx?id=7467 – eReader pilot program at FDU<br />http://ireaderreview.com/ -- a blog about eReaders.<br />http://mobile-libraries.blogspot.com/ -- the mobile libraries blog<br />http://www.facebook.com/#/group.php?gid=14473239090 – eBook readers in libraries group<br />http://www.amazon.com/gp/feature.html/?docId-1000412651 -- conducting your own Kindle pilot<br />http://www.slideshare.net/lisacarlucci/mobile-access-to-ebooks-at-yale -- Study on access to eBooks at Yale<br />
    39. 39. Q&A<br />Contact info:<br />oshea@fdu.edu<br />