Theoretical base of commerce education
Topic : e-resources
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E-resources is short term for Electronic Resources or
electronic information resources. These are collections of information in
electronic or digital format that are accessed on an electronic device, such as a
mobile phone, computer, etc. These are published resources in electronic
versions/format such as encyclopedias, pamphlets, e-books and e-journals.
Our e-Resources provide access to literally thousands of
magazines and newspapers—far more than the library could possibly subscribe
to in paper format.
Advantages of using e-resources
Easy retrieval of information .
Ability to do full text search across a huge number of resources in one
Ability to download, print, or send the desired document instantly.
Convenience of accessing articles any time from your own computer.
Ability to link directly to additional resources or related content.
Ability to create personal collections i.e. favourites, bookmark, etc.
In this computer age, e-version of books,
journals, etc or e-resources in general have become inevitable and
hence it is very much needed to convert the printed version into e-
version for future needs. Therefore, knowledge of the different e-
resources, developing e-resources and preservation of them has
become the need of this hour.
Online e-resources : • e-books • gmail • sms • e-journals • email • e-library,
• e-dictionaries, • Search engines, • Websites
Offline e-resources : • MS Office applications •Offline e-books
• CD ROM based e-resources • e-resources on mobile
Social networking provides opportunity
for internet users to make new friends on the net . Social networking sites are
more interacting in nature when compared to other websites. Different social
networking sits have different features and they provide following facilities;
Facilities for exchanging mails
Publishing and viewing profiles, etc
Some of the most popular social networking sits for finding
friends are rout , My space, facebook , etc. Some social networking sites are
mainly intended for business people. These sites help to increase business
contacts, do business, plan jobs or get appointment. Business persons can keep
in touch with customers, partners and suppliers through such sits. LinkedIn is
an example of business networking sites. Creating profiles, searching for friend,
making new connection are the common service available in almost all the
social networking sites.
Application of social networking sites in classroom
Social media is an effective way to increase student engagement and
build better communication skill.
Improve communication among students and teachers.
Preparing student for successful Employment.
Encourage students to share work socially.
Require students to keep a blog.
Create a social classroom on Edmodo.
“Edmondo” helps to create a social , digital classroom.
A blog is a website, where it is possible to write
views or ideas on ongoing basis. An edublog is a blog created for educational
purposes. Edublogs archive and support student and teacher learning by
facilitating reflection, questioning by self and others, collaboration and by
providing contexts for engaging in higher-order thinking.
Uses of educational Blogs
Students use blogs for reflective journaling – summarizing class
discussion, reflecting on what they learned during a class activity or
project, sharing ideas for applying what they have learned to their own
practice and so on.
Educational blogs help to encourage students to articulate their ideas
and perspective make their thinking visible and be brave and bold about
their contribution to the greater discourse.
Educational blog engage students in reflection on the domain, requiring
them to critically analyze ideas, perspectives, theories, research and
Educational blog encourage student to see themselves as participating
and contributing members of a professional community of practice.
Blogging promotes writing: That is blogging helps student express
themselves and share their ideas and perspectives in an articulate way;
that is, it helps them to write, organize their writing and develop a habit
The world’s most popular educational blogging service, Edublogs lets
you easily create and manage student and teacher blogs, quickly
customize and include video.
This is a free weblog publishing tool from Google, for sharing text,
photos and video. This is probably the most user friendly blogging
platform out there.
This is another great blogging platform for students and is very easy
to use and completely free.
An electronic journal is a periodical which
is published in electronic format, usually on the Internet. Many electronic
journals which are available are electronic versions of journals which
exist in print. Some journals are only available in electronic format.
Electronic journals have several advantages
1. You can read journal articles on your desktop, you don’t have to be
in the Library.
2. The article that you want to read will always be available, even
when the Library is closed.
3. Hypertext links allow you to move to different sections within
individual journals or article and can link you to related resources
on the Internet.
4. Journals can include more images and audio-visual material.
5. Journals can be interactive-you can e-mail the author or editor
with your comments.
A podcast is a digital audio recording, with or without images, which
instructors can use to deliver content to students in an easy asynchronous
fashion. Once generated, podcasts can be disseminated online through
personal websites or podcast directories. Podcasting, the name for this
process, is an amalgamation of “broadcasting” and the acronym “POD”.POD
stands for “portable on Demand,”
Podcasting is online audio content made available through the
Internet using a subscription “feed”. Vodcasting (video-on-demand casting) is
the same principle as podcasting with the addition of video. Podcasts can be
transferred and played on any portable media player such as an iPod or MP3
player. Vodcasts can be transferred and played on any MP3 video player.
Relevance of podcasting /vodcasting in classroom
Podcasting /vodcasting allows educators to reach students.
It can be used to interact with students and parents beyond the four
walls of a classroom and can be great facilitator to increase student
Podcasting/vodcasting is an inexpensive way to create digital content for
It can help foster student creativity and prepare them for a global
Teachers can also use podcasting to create “testing review” sessions for
It will also benefit students by giving them opportunity to listen and or
watch classroom content multiple times.
E-learning is the use of network technology
to design, deliver, select, administer and extend learning. It is internet
enable learning. E-learning uses the power of networks, primarily, those
that rely not only on internet technologies but also satellite networks
and digit content to enable learning not only on internet technologies
but also satellite networks and digit content to enable learning.
Faster learning at reduced costs
Increased access to learning and
Clear accountability for all participants in the learning process
Goals of e-learning
Access to information technology
Help student achieve high academic standards
Improve the next generation of technology applications for teaching and
FEATURES OF E-LEARNING
a) E-learning is dynamic
b) E-learning operates in real time
c) E-learning collaborative
d) E-learning is individual
e) E-learning is comprehensive
Benefits for leaner
Fosters interaction among students and instructor. Interaction
stimulates understanding and the recall of information
Fosters self paced learning
Convenient for students to access any time, any place
Accommodated different learning styles and fosters learning through a
variety of activities.
Allow students to select learning materials
Develops knowledge of the internet that will help learners though out
Benefits for instructor
Help the instructors to develop materials using the world wide resources
of the web
Allow to communicate information in a more engaging fashion than in
text based distance education
Convenient for instructors to access any time, any place
Retain records of discussion and allow for future reference
Sets a framework for standardized course delivery
WEB BASED LEARNING
Web-based learning is one way to learn, using
web-based technologies or tools in a learning process. In other words, learner
uses mainly computers to interact with the teacher, other students and
learning material. Web-based learning consists of technology that supports
traditional classroom training and online learning environments. Web-based
learning can be also formal or informal.
Formal web-based learning is purposed and learning activities
are organised by teachers. Informal learning takes place while you are
searching material from the Internet. It is self-paced, depending on your
goals and ambition to learn.
Virtual classroom is a web based environment that allow
participating in live training events without the need to travel. Students
can listen to lectures, participate in lab exercises, ask questions and
receive feedback just as he/she do in conventional classroom. It saves the
expense and travel time to a training site. That is virtual classrooms are
the classrooms functioning in a system of virtual reality.
The range of electronic resources is considerable and growing all
the time. The type, quality and usefulness of resources varies
enormously (especially for academic users).There are both free and fee
resources. New users should be made aware of the differences, benefits
and drawbacks of various kinds of resources.
1. Retrieved from www.google.com