The Introduction, Conclusion and Thesis Statement Framing Your Essay
General Guidelines Take your reader from general to particular Make your reader interested and intrigued Give her a sense of what your paper will be about Leave him with something to think about
The Introduction DO Move from the general to the particular Include a strong thesis, usually in the last sentence Write more than one sentence
The Introduction: Don’t Write only one sentence Include important examples or evidence from your paper Try to accomplish too much in one paragraph
The Thesis Statement Identify a complete idea, not just a topic Topic: Love Idea: Love is painful In a critical essay about a reading or literature, link your idea to the text, but be sure to make a significant statement about it, not just state a fact Bad: Stephen Lewis’ essay is about Africa Good: Stephen Lewis argues passionately that we should do more for Africa.
The Thesis Statement: Do Make it ARGUABLE, not a statement of fact Bad: There are many similarities and differences between apples and oranges Good: A comparison between apples and oranges demonstrates the infinite superiority of oranges. Present your topic confidently, as something you believe to be interesting and useful.
The Thesis Statement: Don’t Put it in the form of a Question. This is a Thesis STATEMENT. Use expressions like “this essay will show”: just get to the point. Try and force your topic into a three part statement. You should abandon the three-part statement with the five-paragraph essay.
Conclusion Do NOT simply repeat intro or thesis Do NOT introduce any new or significant evidence or example for your main argument You MAY leave your readers with a question or some other food for thought. In general, bring your reader back to the framework you started with.