WRITING INTRODUCTIONS AND CONCLUSIONS Karen Silvestri, Instructor ENG 90
Introductions The introduction prepares the reader your topic.
Introduction StartersTell a story: a short 3-4 sentence story that helps prepare the reader for the topic of the essay.Use an attention grabber: any statement that makes the reader want to read more (sad, gross, scary, exciting)Strong opinion: give an opinion that leads into your thesis statement. Your goal is to make your reader want to respond.
Introduction StartersAsk a Question: ask a question that will make the reader want to read on to find the answer.State a Fact: state a fact relating to the topic that shows the importance of your thesis statement.Give a Statistic: give information meant to prove that the thesis statement is correct
Examples of Introduction StartersI will never forget when… (tell a story)Many people would be shocked to learn that… (state a fact)If I could go back in time, I never would have… (attention grabber)Statistics show that… (state a statistic)You might be surprised to learn that… (state a statistic)There is only one opinion an intelligent person can conclude when… (strong opinion.Did you know that….? Or Have you ever….? (ask a question)
Conclusions The conclusion does the same thing as the introduction, but rather than PREPARING the reader for the topic, it REVIEWS the topic.
Parts of a ConclusionSummarize and restate the thesis statement.Review the 3 primary supporting details in your essay.Give final thoughts and opinions about the topic.Close the essay with a challenge to the reader.
Conclusion startersSurely….As you can see…It is clear that…Without a doubt…Most would agree that…Certainly…Clearly…Obviously…indeed
Putting it all togetherDetermine your topic and main idea.Brainstorm at least 3 primary supporting details for the main idea.Write a strong thesis statement.Write the body paragraphs (3 primary supports with secondary support details)Write the introduction AFTER you write your body paragraphs!Write the conclusion.PROOFREAD for mechanics and MLA format!