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Ch. 5 developing and supporting a thesis


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I created this presentation to go along with a text book I use in my class.

McWhorter, Kathleen T. Reflections: Patterns for Reading and Writing. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2013. Print.

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Ch. 5 developing and supporting a thesis

  1. 1. Developing and Supporting a Thesis I have an idea, now what?
  2. 2. • Thesis statement (or central thought) • Main point of an essay • Explain what the essay will be about and expresses the writer’s position on the subject • Does for an essay what a topic sentence does for a paragraph • Example • Playing team sports, especially football and baseball, develops skills and qualities that can make you successful in life because these sports demand communication, teamwork, and responsibility What is a Thesis Statement?
  3. 3. • The idea for your thesis usually will come from your prewriting. • Don’t expect to sit down and just write it. • Working Thesis • Go over your prewriting and highlight details that link to the same subtopic. • Write a word or phrase that describes each group • Example on page 106 Developing Your Thesis
  4. 4. • Make an assertion • Assertion – takes a position, expresses a view point, suggests your approach to a topic • • • • • Be specific Focus on ONE central point Offer an original perspective on your topic Avoid making an announcement Use your thesis to preview the organization of the essay Writing an Effective Thesis Statement
  5. 5. • Thesis statements should always be in the FIRST (or introductory) paragraph. • It can go anywhere in that paragraph Placement
  6. 6. • Evidence • Any type of information that will convince your reader that your thesis is reasonable or correct • Examples, statistics, expert opinion • This evidence is then organized into paragraphs to make up the body of your essay. Support Your Thesis with Evidence
  7. 7. • Analyze your purpose, audience, and thesis to determine what types of evidence will be most effective. • Unfamiliar audience • Definitions, historical background, explanation , factual and descriptive details • Persuade • Compare/contrast, advantages/disadvantages, examples, problems, statistics, and quotes. • Table 5.1 on page 110 • What types of evidence would you use for this thesis statement (informative essay): • “The pressure to become financially independent is a challenge for many young adults and often causes them to develop social and emotional problems.” Choosing Types of Evidence
  8. 8. • Visualize yourself speaking to your audience. • Develop a skeletal outline of major headings with plenty of blank space under each. • Draw a graphic organizer of your essay, filling in supporting evidence as you think of it. • Discuss your thesis statement with a classmate; try to explain why he or she should accept your thesis as valid. Collect Your Evidence
  9. 9. • • • • • • Make sure the evidence is relevant. Provide specific evidence. Offer a variety of evidence. Provide a sufficient amount of evidence. Provide representative evidence. Provide accurate evidence. Choose the Best Evidence
  10. 10. • For academic writing • Personal experiences and opinions are not considered valid evidence • Use objective evidence • • • • • Facts Statistics Historical background Research evidence Expert opinion Choosing Evidence for Academic Writing
  11. 11. • • • • • • Use your library NC Live Interviews Newspapers Professional Magazines/Journals See Ch. 19 for more ideas Using Sources to Support Your Thesis