The social environment-1

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A presentation on the social element of online learning

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  • Here are just 4 examples of socialising tasks for the beginning stage of an online course.\n
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  • E-tutor\nadapted from Gilly Salmon (2000)\nE-moderating: the key to teaching and learning online\n \nHer seminal work on e-moderating in which she developed a 5 step model for e-moderators.\n \nSocialising is stage 2 in Salmon's model.\n
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  • The social environment-1

    1. 1. Building a social environment onlineFour main areas  • encouraging sense of community • socialising into the community • tasks and tools for the social environment • role of the e-tutor
    2. 2. Basic principlesThis Google Docs Community video illustrates some of thebasic principles of online community  Click image to view video.
    3. 3. “Being social” today...                                                     tomorrow, who knows...  Click image to view video
    4. 4. Sense of community Social presence has a positive influence on learning (Garrison et al., 1999) supporting sociability reducing anonymity sense of belonging netiqutte building group dynamic (Preece, 2001; Hockly, 2004)
    5. 5. The online social environmentLearning is a social process(Vygotsky, 1978)     online identity familiarising bonding connectedness interaction trust (Rovai, 2002; Salmon, 2000 ; Lave&Wenger, 1991)    
    6. 6. Designing tasks5 principles of collaborative learning • positive interdependence - all must succeed • individual accountability - everyone makes active contribution • interaction - interact meaningfully / exchange information • social skills - leadership /conflict resolution / communication skills (ensures effective functioning) • team reflection - reflect whether team is functioning & make action plan        (Kagan1985;Johnson & Johnson 1987; Slavin 1990)
    7. 7. Socialising tasks• online jigsaw - post piece of info / every member posts reaction to all others / each member collates & presents to group• online project - assign roles / divide up work / provide resources online / timeline• "Hollywood Stars"- post name of film actor and/or character / others guess why person relates to them• "What do You Do ?” - post three hyperlinks with clues about profession or interests / others ask questions to guess 
    8. 8. How
do
different
technologies
 help
us
?
    9. 9. create
    10. 10. provide access
    11. 11. contact
    12. 12. express
    13. 13. interact
    14. 14. Tools...• blog: personal online journal - often updated daily• glog (graphical blogs): blogs that include audio and video• wiki : collaborative information website that includes   work from many different authors• podcasts: collection of digital media files distributed online• video sharing websites: users upload, view and share video• social bookmarking: web based collaborative repository of internet bookmarks• voxopop: share audio recordings of introductions with other participants • glogster : digital poster sharing
    15. 15.  Chats    synchronous communicationonline • text chat • audio or voice chat • public chat •private chat
 (Dudeney & Hockly) (How to teach English with technology, 2009)

    16. 16. Educational chat • free topic chats • collaborative, task oriented      chats • Informative or academic       chats •Practice chats  (Gonzalez)
    17. 17. Role of the e-tutor• participant induction• guidance for online behaviour• encouraging bonding- similar interest groups• set up socialising area• socialising & collaborative e-tivities• encourage networking• enhance social presence• bridge social, cultural, & learning environments (Salmon, 2000; Rovai, 2002)

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