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20080602 Microsoft and Open Source
 

20080602 Microsoft and Open Source

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Presentation delivered at UCLA Anderson School of Management's IS Associates event "Is Open Source Ready for Primetime?"

Presentation delivered at UCLA Anderson School of Management's IS Associates event "Is Open Source Ready for Primetime?"

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  • guestface67 - thanks for the feedback, though just I've mentioned before, these past actions aren't really representative of where we are today. I think it's likely that you will continue to find Microsoft making mistakes in this area, but in general we'd like to think that Microsoft is making progress in the right direction.
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20080602 Microsoft and Open Source 20080602 Microsoft and Open Source Presentation Transcript

  • Open Source and Microsoft Participating in a World of Choice David Chou [email_address]
  • Public Perceptions
  • Public Perceptions
  • Public Perceptions
  • Microsoft’s Perspective on Open Source
    • “ We at Microsoft respect and appreciate the important role that open source software plays in our industry. We respect and we appreciate the passion and the great contribution that open source developers make in our industry… That is not what you have always heard from us, and I recognize that….”
    Brad Smith, SVP, General Counsel & Corporate Secretary, Microsoft Corporation OSBC (Open Source Business Conference), San Francisco, 3/25/08
  • Microsoft’s Perspective on Open Source
    • Open Source:
    • not a fad
    • not a “magic bullet” either
    • part of a spectrum of choices for:
      • development methods
      • licensing terms
      • business models
    Most likely, software users will continue to see a comingling of free, open source, and proprietary software products for as far as the eye can see. Foreword, Perspectives on Free and Open Source Software , MIT Press 2005
    • Microsoft:
    • supports open source models and ecosystems
    • competes with open source software products , just as with any competing product or business
  • Microsoft’s Perspective on Open Source
    • By participating in a broad ecosystem that includes open source and commercial/proprietary software, Microsoft promotes the “ world of choice ” that will best develop and sustain customer and partner opportunity.
  • Microsoft’s Open Source Engagements partnerships communities technology research
  • Microsoft’s Open Source Engagements partnerships communities technology research 5,000,000 developers 75,000 partners 18,000,000 visits to Port25 75% Firefox 20% Linux/Unix 4,500,000 Channel9 visitors 5,000 Microsoft bloggers 40,000 Codeplex users hypervisor collaboration PHP optimization MySQLConnector to Visual Studio Linux / Windows interoperability System Center X-Plat OpenPegasus 3,800+ CodePlex projects 170,000+ Sourceforge projects 77K Windows 17K Windows-only 5K+ .NET 1,000,000 LoC on MSDN & TechNet 588 Shared Source license projects AIDS vaccine research tools usability / HCI research multi-year funded academic projects
  • Microsoft’s Open Source Engagements partnerships communities technology research 5,000,000 developers 75,000 partners 18,000,000 visits to Port25 75% Firefox 20% Linux/Unix 4,500,000 Channel9 visitors 5,000 Microsoft bloggers 40,000 Codeplex users hypervisor collaboration PHP optimization MySQLConnector to Visual Studio Linux / Windows interoperability System Center X-Plat OpenPegasus 3,800+ CodePlex projects 170,000+ Sourceforge projects 77K Windows 17K Windows-only 5K+ .NET 1,000,000 LoC on MSDN & TechNet 588 Shared Source license projects AIDS vaccine research tools usability / HCI research multi-year funded academic projects
  • Microsoft’s Open Source Commitments policy participation transparency innovation Open Source Interoperability Initiative Open Source ISV Forum Interoperability Forum Interoperability Vendor Alliance Windows Academic Program Microsoft Partner Program microsoft.com /opensource Patent Pledge for Open Source developers Interoperability Principles Open Specification Promise Port25 CodePlex SourceForge open protocol specifications standards support data portability Shared Source programs Open Source Software Lab Technology Visual Studio Express Visual Web Developer Express SQL Server Express, Compact Windows Server SE (DreamSpark) Office Live, Live Workspaces Popfly XNA Game Studio Robotics Studio (non-commercial) .NET Framework SharePoint Learning Kit ASP.NET AJAX IronPython, IronRuby ODF/OXML Translators Windows Installer XML Toolset Research PhotoSynth Haskell Programming Language Health Design Tools Machine Learning & Appl. Stat. Windows Research Kernel (WRK)
  • Microsoft today is an active participant in the Open Source community
  • Our question today… “ Is Open Source ready for primetime?”
  • Our question today… It depends. “ Is Open Source ready for primetime?”
  • Not all software is equal
  • Software Categories From Wikipedia’s Free Software Portal http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Free_software/categories
  • Top Open Source Projects
  • Not all “Open Source” means equal
  • Open Source… audience philosophy model free!? OSS – Open Source Software FOSS – Free/Open Source Software FLOSS – Free/Libre/Open Source Software available source freeware / shareware etc. end user business executive architect manager developer system administrator etc. development approach licensing marketing monetization support services etc.
  • Not all “primetime” means equal
  • Open Source Software Third Party Software =
  • zero cost good enough lower complexity security more open cross-platform no vendor lock-in co mmunity-dr iv en de velopment Unclear trade-offs lower ongoing cost more complete features backwards compatibility more secure open standards interoperability commitment on support managed developm e nt open source software vendors proprietary software vendors
  • total cost feature set security open standards interoperability manageability reliability scalability etc. Rational, analytical decision
  • initial costs acquisition and deployment ongoing costs maintenance and end user costs benefits benefits to the organization It’s about VALUE
  • Open Source Microsoft Office? development model licensing model business model free for end-users? alternative revenue models such as services contracts, advertising, hardware OEM cost-shifting, fee-by-feature, etc.? how to ensure strategic direction alignment across a complex set of software projects and components? community-driven distributed collaboration vs. centrally coordinated and orchestrated development and maintenance how to maintain a centralized and specialized team of developers? e.g., ~2000 developers contributed to a year’s worth of Linux kernel releases (2.6.16 to 2.6.20), and the majority of developers are paid for this work (+60%) similarly (% paid), Eclipse: 86.9% MySql: 92.8%
  • Open Source Microsoft Office? Free! Free! Free! Online Enterprise Devices Desktop
  • Open Source Software Proprietary Commercial Software A World of Choice
  • © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION. Thank you [email_address] blogs.msdn.com/dachou