Mesopotamian Irrigation System By: Damini Kashelkar & Manisha Mehra
Mesopotamian Irrigation System
Mesopotamia was knownas the land between tworivers, the Tigris to thenorth and the Euphratesto the south. Irrigationwas extremely vital toMesopotamia becauserains were seasonal inthis area, which meantthat the land flooded inthe winter and spring andwater was scarce at othertimes. Farming in theregion depended onirrigation from the Tigrisand Euphrates Rivers.
CanalsAn immense network of irrigation canals fed by the Euphrates River
The Sumerians in southern Mesopotamia built city walls and temples and dugcanals that were the worlds first engineering works.
The Assyrians also developed extensive public works. Sargon II, invading Armeniain 714 B.C.E. , discovered the qanat (Arabic ) or kariz (Persian), which is a tunnelused to bring water from an underground source in the hills down to thefoothills. Sargon destroyed the area in Armenia but brought the concept back toAssyria. This method of irrigation spread over the Near East into North Africaover the centuries and is still used.