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Cybercrime And Computer Misuse Cases

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An assignment on The cybercrimes and computer misuse in Mauritius.

An assignment on The cybercrimes and computer misuse in Mauritius.

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  • 1. University of Mauritius Faculty of Law & Management LAWS 2100Y Foundations of IT Law Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases In Mauritius and African Regions Presented by: Group 1 •Ashnee Gunness •Bhavna Nobaub •Ashveen Beechowa •Ashesh Ramjeeawon
  • 2. Agenda What is Cybercrime? Mauritian Cybercriminals Cases of Computer Misuse in Mauritius Cybercrimes in African Regions Legislations in African Regions Fighting off the Cybercrimals in Mauritius – the Challenge Cyber crime Unit (Mtius) CERT-MU Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 3. What is Cybercrime? An attack that undermines the confidentiality, integrity or availability of a computer, information resident on it, or a computer service within a Network Information System. Some offences under Computer Misuse and Cybercrime Act 2003: Unauthorised access to data Access with intent to commit offences Unauthorised access to and interception of computer service Damaging or denying access to computer system Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 4. Mauritian Cybercriminals Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 5. Do you Recognise the Face? Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 6. CyberCriminal 1 Vishal Ramessur – 32 years old First Mauritian Hacker involved in the ‘sabotage of internet connection’ in 2005 Violation of section 7 (b) of Computer misuse and cybercrime Act de 2003 : “a denial of access to, or impairment of any program or data stored in, the computer system” Shall commit an offence and shall, on conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding 200, 000 and to penal service not exceeding 20 years Source: http://www.lexpress.mu/display_search_result.php?news_id=38637 Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 7. Does this Name tell you anything? Booden (Vinay) Ramrichia Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 8. CyberCriminal 2 Booden (Vinay) Ramrichia -un pirate informatique du site de l’Etat un clerc du CISD de 28 ans poursuivi en cour intermédiaire 20 mai 2005 - tentatives pour bloquer l’accès à deux des principaux serveurs du système Dans sa déposition à la police, il avoue Mais la magistrate Adila Hamuth écrit : “Il a été clairement convenu, la fois dernière, que le procès devait être déjà logé. Cette affaire a traîné et la poursuite n’a pu expliquer pourquoi l’affaire n’a pas été instruite. Dans les circonstances, la charge provisoire est rayée Source: http://www.lexpress.mu/display_search_result.php?news_id=90200 Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 9. Do you Recognise this Cybercrime? Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 10. Computer Misuse -Phishing in M’tius 26 septembre 2004, Kovalen, 14 ans, étudiant du collège St Esprit, atteint d’une maladie incurable – la maladie de Creutz-feldt-Jakob. l’adolescent peut être sauvé, mais comme il vient d’une famille modeste, il n’a pas les moyens de se faire soigner ! Ils lancent un appel à la générosité : « Donnez Rs 1, Rs 5 ou même Rs 100. Aidez cet enfant à vivre plus longtemps, chacun a le droit de vivre, pourquoi pas lui ? Plusieurs associations dont la Croix Rouge, Amnesty International participent à cet élan de solidarité. » Source:http://www.lexpress.mu/display_search_result.php?news_id=52226 Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 11. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 12. Important Security Announcement To Internet Banking(IB) Customers Port-Louis, 21st January 2008 Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 13. Computer Misuse May 2008- Three Cases lodged by the Mauritius Telecom foreigners have introduced a system with the help of switches and other apparatus to divert international calls coming from abroad. Diverting the gateway of MT is a criminal offence. This has led to the loss of huge amount of money for MT. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 14. Computer Misuse (ctnued..) The Information Communication Technologies Act 2001:- under section 46 offences (j) By means of an apparatus or device connected to an installation maintained or operated by a licensee- (i) defrauds the licensee of any fee or charge properly payable for the use of a service; causes the licensee to provide a service to some other person without payment by such other person of the appropriate fee or charge; or fraudulently installs or causes to be installed an access to a telecommunication line; Penalties (1) Any person who commits an offence under this Act shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding 1,000,000 rupees and to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5 years Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 15. Cybercrimes in African Regions Legislations in African Regions Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 16. African Regions 1. Nigeria Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 17. Cybercrime – Nigerian 419 Nigerian 419 scam stole the most money off Internet. Americans reported losing an all-time high of $183 million to Internet fraud in 2005, up 169 percent from $68 million in 2004. Refered to as quot;Advance Fee Fraudquot; or quot;419 Fraudquot; The Scam operates as follows: the target receives an unsolicited fax, email, or letter often concerning Nigeria or another African nation containing either a money laundering or other illegal proposal Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 18. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 19. African Regions 2. South Africa Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 20. Cybercrimes -South Africa Credit card quot;cloningquot; and e-mail scams Windows Sinowal Trojan -500 000 online bank accounts and affected several thousands credit cards in Nigeria, South Africa Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 21. African Regions 3. Ghana Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 22. Cybercrime - Ghana Many Ghanaians perpetrate credit card fraud. The most typical example is a group in Nima, called 'Sakawa'. This group is alleged to be selling stolen credit cards numbers as well as using same to order for products from the United States and Europe. These scammers buy or steal credit card and verification numbers from hotel employees and cashiers of super markets, either in the country or from abroad. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 23. Legislations in African regions Electronic Communications and Transactions Act (ECT). Hacking been entrenched in our law in s86 (1) of the ECT, which makes any unlawful access and interception of data a criminal offence. The ECT has now created “Cyber-Inspectors” who, with the authority of a warrant, may enter any premises or access information that has a bearing on an investigation (into possible cyber crime) Cyber Inspectors are empowered to access and inspect the operation of any computer or equipment forming part of an information system- used or suspected to have been used in an offence- and require any person in control of, or otherwise involved with the operation of a computer to provide reasonable technical assistance. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 24. Fighting off the cybercrimals in Mauritius – the Challenge Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 25. Cyber Crime Unit(M’tius) Created in 2000 Takes into consideration: Data Protection Act 2000 Information and Communication Technology Act 2001 Computer Misuse and Cyber Crime Act 2003 Pour apprendre à collecter des preuves plus correctement, la force policière a envoyé 21 policiers suivre une formation. Celle-ci était dispensée par le département Anti-Terrorism Assistance (ATA) Le cours était dispensé par quatre experts américains de l’ATA. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 26. Les agents de l’ordre locaux ont ainsi appris comment pénétrer sur les lieux d’un crime. Par exemple, lorsque la police débarque chez un individu soupçonné de fabriquer des faux billets de banque, la première chose à examiner sera le clavier de l’ordinateur. Et avant que cet ordinateur ne soit débranché, les enquêteurs tenteront de collecter le maximum d’informations sur le disque dur. Ensuite, chaque pièce, composant de l’ordinateur, sera soigneusement rangée dans un sac statique (sac spécifique pour protéger les appareils informatiques) et les articles saisis conservés dans une salle climatisée. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 27. Les deux sections directement liées, concernées par le cybercrime sont l’Information Technology (IT) de la police – placée sous la responsabilité du sergent Balgobin – et la Cybercrime Unit sous le commandement du sergent Tany. Parmi les 21 participants à cette formation en cybercrime, on note la présence de policiers de l’Information Technology, du Central Criminal Investigation Department, de la Criminal Investigation Division, de la Major Crimes Investigation Team et de la Police Training School. Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 28. CERT-MU Mauritian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-MU) Fully Operational since 16 May 2008 Incident reporting, Security alerts, Awareness Programmes Mission: To enhance the security of Mauritius information and communications infrastructure through effective collaboration and communication with all stakeholders Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 29. CERT-MU URL: http://cert-mu.org.mu Email: info@cert-mu.gov.mu Toll Free: 800 2378 ( 8.45 am to 4.00 pm) Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 30. References NCB website Cyber crime unit Lexpress Defimedia.info UoM Library Law Section Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions
  • 31. Thank You for your kind attention! Cybercrime & Computer Misuse cases in Mauritius & African Regions