Using an inductive reasoning process, I wanted to develop a theory about caregiving style that was grounded in the data
End goal is theory of style. What is a style? What are the essential ingredients for something to be a style? Pattern over time, but what else? Used the literature to define style = essential elements. Used these elements as a hierarchy for codes.
If I looked at my participants as individuals (rather than clumping the data together as a whole) I saw there were three possible conditions. BTW, looking at things individually rather than as a block of data is part of what researchers mean when they say they are considering the context (contextualizing, placing in context).How did the cg talk about taking care of themselves? I asked specifically what they did to recharge their batteries and some had strategies and some didn’t …BTW, if I had not asked the batteries question, what would have been the effect on the trustworthiness of my analysis?
Facilitative - Seeks to maintain identity of CR (i.e., clothing, former roles)Self-image tied to “good caregiving”Directive-Priority is physical health of CRElaborate regimes of medication, nutrition, or use of supplementsAppearances important (keeps house clean, worries about being embarrassed)
Facilitating- also tries to keep care recipient active
Four styles for ot audience cotton 2
Caregiving StylesMary A Corcoran PhD, OT/LProfessor and Associate DeanGeorge Washington University
Why Study Caregiving Styles? “If you’ve seen onecaregiver, you’ve seen one caregiver”
The Caregiving Style StudiesSpouses (68) 5 years National Institute on AgingAdult children (33) 1 year Virginia Commonwealth, ARDRAF
Four Caregiving StylesFacilitating Directing Balancing Advocating
Caregiver Priorities Facilitating Directing Emotional Physical health, health of identity of CR CR Balancing Advocating Maintaining Managing the status others to quo support CR
Caregiver Strategies Facilitating Directing Anything that Verbal involves self Balancing Environmental Advocating controls, Vigilance and supervision, advocacy repetitive activities
Caregiver Interactions Directing Facilitating Limited or Cooperative none Advocating Balancing Range with Parallel purpose of assessment
Caregiver Needs Facilitating Directing Recognizes Recognizes but needs doesn’t limited to address work own needs Balancing Advocating Has help Has help and meets and meets own needs own needs
Caregiver Emotions Facilitating Directing Worries Frustrated about ability and to provide stressed best care Balancing Advocating Generally Generally satisfied satisfied with care with care provision provision
Conclusion• Caregivers may - demonstrate a mix of styles - change over time; circumstances• Understanding priorities of caregiver regarding self and care recipient is key
Caveats• Styles are a guide, not a prescription• Theory - Requires further testing
ReferenceCorcoran, M.A. (2011). Caregiving Styles: ACognitive and Behavioral Typology AssociatedWith Dementia Family Caregiving. TheGerontologist 51, 4, 463-472.doi:10.1093/geront/gnr002
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