Conflict in the Colonies

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British Parliament raises taxes and the colonists respond.

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  • You may want to check the math in this slide. True, 1 British pound = 2 US Dollars today, but in 17th century money, the changes is much greater. Your students may appreciate just how large that debt is with a bigger - and more accurate - number. Here's a good site, if you'd like to update it: http://eh.net/hmit/<br /><br/>
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Conflict in the Colonies

  1. 1. Conflict in the Colonies Chp. 3/Sec. 5 1
  2. 2. Source: http://www.scarsdaleschools.k12.ny.us/mslib/images/13colmap.gif 2
  3. 3. Great Britain Raises Taxes 3
  4. 4. Great Britain Raises Taxes • Pay for debt from fighting the French & Indian war • Pay for the standing army still in North America • George Grenville - British Prime Minister who asked Parliament to tax the colonists Source: Holt Chp.3/Sec.5 3
  5. 5. Did you know....? Image source: http://www.wpclipart.com/money/coins/british_pound_reverse.png After the Seven Years War, the British national debt was over 100 million pounds. Hundreds of thousands of that debt had come from protecting colonists from the French and Indians. 1 British pound = $2 U.S. dollars 4
  6. 6. Sugar Act of 1764 5
  7. 7. Sugar Act of 1764 • Set duties on molasses and sugar imported by colonists. Source: Holt Chp. 3/Sec. 5 5
  8. 8. Source: http://www.gutenberg.org/files/12216/12216-h/images/096.jpg 6
  9. 9. vice-admiralty courts • Courts established by the British Parliament to try suspected colonial smugglers. The courts had no juries and the smugglers were considered guilty until they could prove they were innocent Source: Holt Chp.3/Sec.5 7
  10. 10. Samuel Adams 8
  11. 11. Samuel Adams Local leader in Boston who believed Parliament could not tax colonists without their permission. • “No taxation w/o representation” • Founded the Committees of Correspondence i. Committee members shared information & ideas about new British laws and how to challenge them. ii. Organize boycotts of British goods 8
  12. 12. Stamp Act of 1765 Source: http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=65241&rendTypeId=4 9
  13. 13. Stamp Act of 1765 Source: http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=65241&rendTypeId=4 Required colonists to pay for an official stamp, or seal when they bought paper items (legal documents, newspapers, playing cards). i. 1st attempt to tax colonists directly rather than by taxing imported goods Source: Holt Chp.3/Sec. 5 9
  14. 14. Source: http://www.learnwellgraphics.com/app/webroot/img/Image/2.2.jpg 10
  15. 15. Source: schools.lwsd.org Sons of Liberty A group of men organized by Samuel Adams to protest British taxes and frighten tax collectors. 11
  16. 16. http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/9/9a/1774_lynching.jpg Source: http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/9/9a/1774_lynching.jpg 12
  17. 17. American colonials rioting in protest against the unpopular Stamp Act shows them carrying a banner bearing the words ‘The Folly of England and the Ruin of America’. Source: http://hnn.us/blogs/entries/21432.html 13
  18. 18. Source: http://www.vahistorical.org/sva2003/henry01d.jpg Patrick Henry 14
  19. 19. Source: http://www.vahistorical.org/sva2003/henry01d.jpg Patrick Henry Virginia lawyer who promoted the idea that the Stamp Act was a violation of colonists right as was the denial of the accused to not have a trial by jury. Source: Holt Chp. 3/Sec. 5 14
  20. 20. Source: http://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=91351&rendTypeId=4 “Give me Liberty, or give me death.” 15
  21. 21. Stamp Act Congress (1765) 16
  22. 22. Stamp Act Congress (1765) • Delegates from 9 colonies met in New York to pressure Parliament to repeal [take away] the Stamp Act 16
  23. 23. Stamp Act Congress (1765) • Delegates from 9 colonies met in New York to pressure Parliament to repeal [take away] the Stamp Act • Stamp Act repealed in 1766 16
  24. 24. Stamp Act Congress (1765) • Delegates from 9 colonies met in New York to pressure Parliament to repeal [take away] the Stamp Act • Stamp Act repealed in 1766 Source: Holt Chp. 3/Sec. 5 16
  25. 25. Source: www.bgmod.com 17
  26. 26. Declaratory Act Source: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/stampactprotest.jpg 18
  27. 27. Declaratory Act Source: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/graphics/stampactprotest.jpg Parliament declares its right to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever.” 18
  28. 28. Townshend Acts 19
  29. 29. Townshend Acts • Placed duties on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea 19
  30. 30. Townshend Acts • Placed duties on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea • Parliament gives British officials a search warrant to search for smuggled goods 19
  31. 31. Townshend Acts • Placed duties on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea • Parliament gives British officials a search warrant to search for smuggled goods 19
  32. 32. Townshend Acts • Placed duties on glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea • Parliament gives British officials a search warrant to search for smuggled goods Holt: Chp.3/Sec. 5 19
  33. 33. Boston Massacre 20
  34. 34. Boston Massacre British soldiers fire upon a crowd of colonists killing three. Colonists use the event as propaganda. Source: Holt Chp.3/Sec. 5 20
  35. 35. Source: http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/nell/nellfp.jpg 21
  36. 36. : Source ttp://mag.rochester.edu/teachers/classroomResources/copley/images/RevereMass.jpg h 22
  37. 37. John Adams 23
  38. 38. John Adams Defended the British troops of the Boston Massacre claiming the soldiers had shot in self-defense. Holt Chp. 3/Sec. 5 23
  39. 39. John Adams Samuel Adams 24
  40. 40. Tea Act • Allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonists for them to buy which would also allow Parliament to collect taxes upon. 25
  41. 41. Boston Tea Party - December 16th, 1773 Source: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/5600/5624/boston_tea_party_1_lg.gif 26
  42. 42. Intolerable Acts 27
  43. 43. Intolerable Acts • Closed Boston harbor • Massachusetts charter canceled, governor decides when legislature can meet again • Royal officials accused of crimes must be sent to Britain for trial • Quartering Act - colonists must house British soldiers • Quebec Act - Gave land to the Quebec colony • Thomas Gage the new governor of Massachusetts (royal governor0 Source: Holt Chp. 3/Sec. 5 27
  44. 44. Source: http://www.learnwellgraphics.com/app/webroot/img/Image/2.2.jpg 28

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