• Copying for certain socially-approved uses
• Library preservation (“section 108”)
• Classroom use (“the TEACH Act”)
• Limited copying for other reasons: “fair use”
What can you do with
• Sell it, in whole or in part.
• Sign it away without payment.
• For the most part, this is what faculty do with their journal articles.
• License it
• for broad or narrow purposes
• temporarily or permanently
• “exclusive”ly or non-
• free or for compensation
• Possibly the least-understood concept
• An “afﬁrmative defense” in a copyright
• Principles and guidelines, not hard-and-
Four-factor fair use test
• Character of the use
• Nature of the work
• Amount of the work copied
• Effect on the market for that work, if
everybody did what you’re doing
The public domain
• All the legal wrangling is about
• Public-domain books will be freely
available through Google and Hathi.
Building the digital
• Musopen: http://www.musopen.com/
• Flickr Commons: http://ﬂickr.com/
• Project Gutenberg: http://
Three cheers for the feds!
• Work produced by federal employees
in the course of their jobs is in the
• Unless it’s conﬁdential or something, of course.
• This means more than text!
The Cod of Ethics...
from the US Fish and Wildlife Service:
Logo design by Steve Lawson.
Open Access Literature
s (OA e,
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literature rge, and ensing
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Digital Libraries re
Green Open Access Gold Open Access
•Institutional and •Open-access publishing
disciplinary repositories •No subscription fees, no
•arXiv: arxiv.org cost to access
•SSRN: ssrn.com •First journals, now books
Open access “mandates”
Finding OA materials
• Soon to become part of WorldCat
• Directory of Open Access Journals
• Google and Google Scholar
Happy OA Week!
• MIT Open CourseWare
• Nearly 2000 courses!
• Open Learn from the Open University
• Stanford Engineering Everywhere
• Try the OCW Finder!
Open learning materials
• OER Commons
• K-12 and college-level
• Pointers to external resources
• Try the ODEPO directory!
• What if you want people to reuse your
• You could grant it to the public domain...
• ... but then anybody can do anything with it.
• Creative Commons is a middle ground.
• Licensing copyrighted works to all comers for reuse!
• Under certain conditions...
CC license provisions
• BY: Must attribute to creator.
• On all CC licenses except CC0 (public domain dedication)
• ND: No derivative works.
• NC: Non-commercial use only.
• SA: Share-alike
• Release your new work under the same license.
• These can be combined!
Where to ﬁnd
• Images: Flickr
• Has its own CC search, or use
• Flickr Storm: http://www.zoo-m.com/ﬂickr-storm/
• GREAT source of legally-usable images for your projects and your
• Music: ccMixter
• Also see http://incompetech.com/ (yes, really)
• Jamendo: http://www.jamendo.com/en/
• Government sources
• CC sources
• Public-domain sources
Add to the rapids!
Do not be this!
• Do not engage in copyfraud!
• If it’s public domain, digitization does not re-copyright it.
• Make reuse rights or licenses clear.
• Use Creative Commons licenses
(including CC0) whenever possible!
• Join Flickr Commons
• Think about digitization when you
accept unpublished materials.
• Open access starts at home!
• We look bad when we tout open access to faculty and then
don’t practice it ourselves.
• Read your next publication agreement.
Amend it if necessary.
• UW System: use MINDS@UW!
• And encourage your colleagues and your faculty to use it.
• Tell people about Creative Commons.
• Great for classroom needs!
• Instead of being copyright cop, be Creative Commons advocate!
• Credit visibly so that you can ﬁeld
• Never ask permission when open
content will do!
This presentation is licensed
under a Creative Commons 3.0