Canoe the Open Content Rapids

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  • 1. Canoe the Open Content Rapids Dorothea Salo University of Wisconsin 21 October 2009 Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/3336/142845984/
  • 2. You’ve heard this too, right? • “My students are doing digital storytelling. I tell them to go to Google Images and use what they find there. How should I tell them to credit the creator?” ARGH.
  • 3. A word about © • (speaking only about the US) • A limited monopoly granted by federal law • over “original works of authorship” that are “fixed in a tangible medium of expression”* • ‘To promote the progress of science and the useful arts’ • Life of author + 70 years; 95 years corporate *yes, the Internet counts as “tangible” for copyright purposes Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/3336/1487072348/
  • 4. Copyright permits... • Copying for certain socially-approved uses • Scholarship • Parody/satire • Library preservation (“section 108”) • Classroom use (“the TEACH Act”) • Limited copying for other reasons: “fair use” Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/molajen/2920869292/
  • 5. What can you do with your copyright? • Sell it, in whole or in part. • Sign it away without payment. • For the most part, this is what faculty do with their journal articles. • License it • for broad or narrow purposes • temporarily or permanently • “exclusive”ly or non- • free or for compensation Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dok1/3745228935/
  • 6. Fair use • Possibly the least-understood concept in copyright! • An “affirmative defense” in a copyright lawsuit. • Principles and guidelines, not hard-and- fast rules. Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/ktylerconk/3719425068/
  • 7. Four-factor fair use test • Character of the use • Nature of the work • Amount of the work copied • Effect on the market for that work, if everybody did what you’re doing Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/calliope/909753159/
  • 8. The public domain
  • 9. Google Books! • All the legal wrangling is about orphan works. • Public-domain books will be freely available through Google and Hathi. • Enjoy!
  • 10. Building the digital public domain • Musopen: http://www.musopen.com/ • Flickr Commons: http://flickr.com/ commons • Project Gutenberg: http:// www.gutenberg.org/
  • 11. Government documents
  • 12. Three cheers for the feds! • Work produced by federal employees in the course of their jobs is in the public domain. • Unless it’s confidential or something, of course. • This means more than text! Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/opalsson/3089698096/
  • 13. The Cod of Ethics... from the US Fish and Wildlife Service: http://www.fws.gov/digitalmedia/ Logo design by Steve Lawson.
  • 14. http://nasaimages.org/
  • 15. Open Access
  • 16. Open Access Literature ) s (OA e, cces in en-a , on l of “Op is digital free PEER-REVIEWED literature rge, and ensing f cha t and lic uber free o pyrigh —Peter S LITERATURE mo st co s.” iction restr Gray Literature are OPEN DATA 01010101 1 0 1 0101 0 1 0 10101010 ftw l So .0” So cia b 2 Fre e “ We C ul t u Digital Libraries re
  • 17. Green Open Access Gold Open Access •“Self-archiving” •Institutional and •Open-access publishing disciplinary repositories •No subscription fees, no •arXiv: arxiv.org cost to access •SSRN: ssrn.com •First journals, now books •MINDS@UW: too! minds.wisconsin.edu Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/n-o-n-o/3243731111/
  • 18. Open access “mandates” Faculty Libraries! Funders
  • 19. Finding OA materials • OAIster • http://oaister.org/ • Soon to become part of WorldCat • Directory of Open Access Journals • http://doaj.org/ • Google and Google Scholar
  • 20. Happy OA Week!
  • 21. Open Educational Resources
  • 22. Open courses • MIT Open CourseWare • http://ocw.mit.edu/ • Nearly 2000 courses! • Open Learn from the Open University • http://www.open.ac.uk/openlearn/home.php • Stanford Engineering Everywhere • http://see.stanford.edu/ • Try the OCW Finder! • http://ocwfinder.com/
  • 23. Open learning materials • OER Commons • http://www.oercommons.org/ • K-12 and college-level • MERLOT • College-level • http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.htm • Pointers to external resources • Try the ODEPO directory! • http://opened.creativecommons.org/ODEPO
  • 24. Creative Commons
  • 25. Creative Commons • What if you want people to reuse your stuff? • You could grant it to the public domain... • ... but then anybody can do anything with it. • Creative Commons is a middle ground. • Licensing copyrighted works to all comers for reuse! • Under certain conditions... • http://creativecommons.org/
  • 26. CC license provisions • BY: Must attribute to creator. • On all CC licenses except CC0 (public domain dedication) • ND: No derivative works. • NC: Non-commercial use only. • SA: Share-alike • Release your new work under the same license. • These can be combined!
  • 27. Where to find CC-licensed works • Images: Flickr • Has its own CC search, or use • Flickr Storm: http://www.zoo-m.com/flickr-storm/ • GREAT source of legally-usable images for your projects and your students’ projects! • Music: ccMixter • http://ccmixter.org/ • Also see http://incompetech.com/ (yes, really) • Jamendo: http://www.jamendo.com/en/
  • 28. Or look through... • “30+ Places to Find Creative Commons Media” • http://www.sitepoint.com/blogs/2009/04/30/30-creative- commons-sources/ • “25+ Sources for Creative Commons Content” • http://mashable.com/2007/10/27/creative-commons/ • “Copyright Friendly Image Sources” • http://teacherlibrarianwiki.pbworks.com/Copyright+Friendly +Image+Sources Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattsheppard/109623841/
  • 29. Compendium of open images! • http:// teacherlibrarianwiki.pbworks.com/ Copyright+Friendly+Image+Sources • Government sources • CC sources • Public-domain sources
  • 30. Add to the rapids!
  • 31. Do not be this! Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrpattersonsir/47072047/
  • 32. Digitization • Do not engage in copyfraud! • If it’s public domain, digitization does not re-copyright it. • Make reuse rights or licenses clear. • Use Creative Commons licenses (including CC0) whenever possible! • Join Flickr Commons • Think about digitization when you accept unpublished materials. Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/schex/193912573/
  • 33. Publication • Open access starts at home! • We look bad when we tout open access to faculty and then don’t practice it ourselves. • Read your next publication agreement. Amend it if necessary. • UW System: use MINDS@UW! • And encourage your colleagues and your faculty to use it. • Activism! • http://taxpayeraccess.org/ Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/butterflysha/135659489/
  • 34. Outreach • Tell people about Creative Commons. • Great for classroom needs! • Instead of being copyright cop, be Creative Commons advocate! • Credit visibly so that you can field questions. • Never ask permission when open content will do! Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gaetanlee/159588834/
  • 35. Paddle on! Thank you! This presentation is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution license. Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/binaryape/3314036576/