Visual Dictionary




By: Sarah-Ashley McCall
Air Barrier Paper

  A sheet material used as both a vapor
retarder and an air barrier. It controls the
     infiltration ...
Attic Ventilation:
Allows water to escape and cools the house in the
summer by preventing the buildup of solar heat.

    ...
Attic Ventilation: Ridge Vent
    A long, open assembly that allows air to
circulate in and out of a gable roof at the rid...
Attic Ventilation: Gable Vent
Attic Ventilation: Roof Turbine
Backhoe & Front End Loader

                                       Backhoe
                             A backhoe is a pie...
Batter boards
A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on
the surface plan...
Jack Arch


Semi-Circular Arch
Keystone Arch




          Centering
   Temporary formwork for an arch.
Flemish Bond
                             Pattern: Alternating stretchers and headers




Running Bond
   Pattern: All str...
Common Bond
Pattern: Alternating rows of stretchers and
full-length headers
Stretcher

            Soldier
Sailor Brick




Rowlock Brick
Header
 Brick
Shiners
Utility
3 ½”x11 ½”x3 ½”
Modular
3 ½”x7 ½”x2 ¼”
Bulldozer
This is a piece of heavy equipment used to push soil, gravel, etc. around construction sights.
Stone Cladding
Brick Cladding
                 Pattern: Random Ashlar
EFIS
Exterior Insulation and
    Finish System




                          A cladding system that
                      ...
Wood Shakes
                          A shingle split from a block of wood.
              This is an overlapping cladding ...
My window is 18.6 sf
Code Requirements: My Room            4’1” x 4’6 ½”
                                      This is up ...
Interior Stairs
        11 ½” + 2 (7 ¼”)=26
The tread is to code, the riser is not.




                       7 ¼” ¼”
   ...
Sawed Control Joint
Control Joint: A joint in the concrete
that allows for swelling and shrinking
   so that it does not d...
Isolation Joint
This joint is isolating a column from slab and slab from wall.
Isolation joints are used to relieve flexur...
Brick Coursing

3 brick courses = 1 CMU course
Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
A block of hardened concrete, with or without
hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same
ma...
Ribbed CMU
             split block
Left Hand Door                               Right Hand Door
The hallway is on the outside of the door.   The hallway is o...
Exterior Flush Door
Transom
   Sidelight
                                                       Top Rail
                              A small...
Utility Pole   Transformer: It provides the
                                           final voltage transformation in the...
Service Head: This steps the electricity down from
 the wires to the consumption level of the home.




                  ...
2. Sill Plate




1. Anchor Bolt
3. Floor Joists (2nd Floor)
9. Ceiling Joists (1st Floor)
                                4. Stringer
5. Subflooring
                The loadbearing surface beneath a finish floor.
6. Sole Plate
7. Stud
8. Top Plate
10. Rafters
A framing member that runs up and down the
           slope of a steep roof.
11. Roof Decking
12. Sheathing
Front End Loader: Heavy equipment piece used on construction sites.
 Primarily used to load material such as recycled mate...
High Impact Gypsum Board
An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces.
Air Handling Unit: Takes in air, cools and
dehumidifies the air, and distributes it in the interior space.
Advantage: Rapi...
Insulation: Insulating material in the cavities of walls to retard the passage of heat and cold to
   and from the buildin...
Loose-Fill Insulation




                        Rigid Board Insulation
Brick Lintel
              Lintel: Carries the weight of the
              structure above it across openings.
Metal Angle
Type S Mortar
                                     Tooled Joint   3/8” Joint
                                             ...
Oriented Strand Board




A building panel
composed of long sheets
of long shreds of wood
fiber (not veneer)
oriented in s...
Water Closet
3” Pipe Below




                Lavatory
                1 ½” Pipe Diameter
                A fixed bowl or...
Shower
Interior VTR
This plumbing vent keeps the pressure equal
in the pipes so that a vacuum does not suck
the water out of P-tr...
Exterior VTR
The plumbing vent goes out through the roof to let the gas
               out into the atmosphere.
Kitchen Sink
Undermount
Plywood
A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of
wood veneer bonded together under pressure.

Veneer: A thin la...
Rebar
#8 Rebar
The purpose of the deformations on the rebar are to help bind the concrete and rebar together.
Downspout
Gutter: A channel that collects rainwater and         a vertical pipe used to drain
                            ...
Underlayment: A layer of waterproof material such as
building felt between roof sheathing and roofing.
This protects the b...
Clay Tile Roof
Metal Shingle Roof
Shingle: A small unit of water-
resistant material nailed in
overlapping fashion to render a
sloping ro...
Preformed Metal Roof
A roof made of metal panels that requires no special
equipment for installation on-site. Made of long...
Gable Roof
Hip Roof
Mansard Roof
Gambrel
Rake: The inclined portion of a cornice.
           These are typically found on gable roofs.



                         ...
Eave: The part of a roof which projects out
from the side wall, projecting the edge of the roof.




                     ...
Building Without A Fascia
Coursed Ashlar
Random Ashlar
Random Rubble
Vapor Retarder
Put on the warm in winter side
of the insulation. This retards
the passage of water vapor.
Waterproofing: Liquid or sheet material applied to the exterior of a basement wall or floor to
resist the intrusion of wat...
Control Joint
A joint in the brick coursing
that allows for swelling of
the brick so that it does not
damage the cladding....
Welded Wire Fabric
12” x 12” grid
Gliding Window

                 Gliding windows
                 are named this
                 way because they
       ...
Casement Window
These windows open outward by a crank
located on the sill.
Double-Hung
  Window
This window is called double-
hung because the top pane or
the bottom pane can be open
without the ot...
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Visual Dictionary

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Visual Dictionary

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary By: Sarah-Ashley McCall
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper A sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier. It controls the infiltration of air into a building.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation: Allows water to escape and cools the house in the summer by preventing the buildup of solar heat. Soffit
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation: Ridge Vent A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation: Gable Vent
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation: Roof Turbine
  7. 7. Backhoe & Front End Loader Backhoe A backhoe is a piece of heavy equipment used to dig up soil for excavation, etc. The width of this bucket is 36”
  8. 8. Batter boards A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation. These batter boards are marking the excavation area for a multi-family residence structure.
  9. 9. Jack Arch Semi-Circular Arch
  10. 10. Keystone Arch Centering Temporary formwork for an arch.
  11. 11. Flemish Bond Pattern: Alternating stretchers and headers Running Bond Pattern: All stretchers
  12. 12. Common Bond Pattern: Alternating rows of stretchers and full-length headers
  13. 13. Stretcher Soldier
  14. 14. Sailor Brick Rowlock Brick
  15. 15. Header Brick
  16. 16. Shiners
  17. 17. Utility 3 ½”x11 ½”x3 ½”
  18. 18. Modular 3 ½”x7 ½”x2 ¼”
  19. 19. Bulldozer This is a piece of heavy equipment used to push soil, gravel, etc. around construction sights.
  20. 20. Stone Cladding Brick Cladding Pattern: Random Ashlar
  21. 21. EFIS Exterior Insulation and Finish System A cladding system that consists of a thin layer of reinforced stucco applied directly to the surface of an insulating plastic foam board. The board, in turn, is adhered or fastened mechanically to the structural or backup wall of the building.
  22. 22. Wood Shakes A shingle split from a block of wood. This is an overlapping cladding that encloses the building. Wood Boards
  23. 23. My window is 18.6 sf Code Requirements: My Room 4’1” x 4’6 ½” This is up to code. Window: There is an opening height of 27” 22” AFF in my window, which is up to code. 49” Wide The Window is 22” AFF which 54 ½” Tall is up to code. 54 ½” Tall 49” Wide
  24. 24. Interior Stairs 11 ½” + 2 (7 ¼”)=26 The tread is to code, the riser is not. 7 ¼” ¼” 7 1111 ½” ½”
  25. 25. Sawed Control Joint Control Joint: A joint in the concrete that allows for swelling and shrinking so that it does not damage the concrete.
  26. 26. Isolation Joint This joint is isolating a column from slab and slab from wall. Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, etc.
  27. 27. Brick Coursing 3 brick courses = 1 CMU course
  28. 28. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. The typical dimensions are 8”X8”X16”. Concrete blocks create structures that are economical, energy efficient, fire-resistant, and involve minimal maintenance. In addition, concrete masonry allows architectural freedom and versatility. 4” Block CMU 12” Block
  29. 29. Ribbed CMU split block
  30. 30. Left Hand Door Right Hand Door The hallway is on the outside of the door. The hallway is on the outside of the door. The bathroom is on the inside of the door. The screened in porch is on the inside of the door.
  31. 31. Exterior Flush Door
  32. 32. Transom Sidelight Top Rail A small window A tall, narrow window alongside a door above a door. Panel Stile lock rail Panel Door bottom rail
  33. 33. Utility Pole Transformer: It provides the final voltage transformation in the electric power distribution grid, stepping down the voltage used in the overhead distribution wires to Power Pole the level used by the customer. Construction Co. Trailer
  34. 34. Service Head: This steps the electricity down from the wires to the consumption level of the home. Duplex Receptacle This is plug where appliances can be connected to access power. Meter: This measures power usage for the power company to charge you by. Service Panel: This is where individual electrical components can be accessed.
  35. 35. 2. Sill Plate 1. Anchor Bolt
  36. 36. 3. Floor Joists (2nd Floor) 9. Ceiling Joists (1st Floor) 4. Stringer
  37. 37. 5. Subflooring The loadbearing surface beneath a finish floor. 6. Sole Plate
  38. 38. 7. Stud
  39. 39. 8. Top Plate
  40. 40. 10. Rafters A framing member that runs up and down the slope of a steep roof.
  41. 41. 11. Roof Decking
  42. 42. 12. Sheathing
  43. 43. Front End Loader: Heavy equipment piece used on construction sites. Primarily used to load material such as recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc. into or onto another type of machinery. It is different from a bulldozer because this loads, bulldozers push. Backhoes are for digging.
  44. 44. High Impact Gypsum Board An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces.
  45. 45. Air Handling Unit: Takes in air, cools and dehumidifies the air, and distributes it in the interior space. Advantage: Rapid Response Time Disadvantage: Noisy Heat Pump: Extracts heat from outdoor air up to 30 degrees F. Advantage: More efficient in mild climates. Disadvantage: Inefficient below 30 degrees F. Compressor
  46. 46. Insulation: Insulating material in the cavities of walls to retard the passage of heat and cold to and from the building. Foam Insulation Batt Insulation
  47. 47. Loose-Fill Insulation Rigid Board Insulation
  48. 48. Brick Lintel Lintel: Carries the weight of the structure above it across openings. Metal Angle
  49. 49. Type S Mortar Tooled Joint 3/8” Joint Used on a Church Type S Mortar Troweled Joint 3/8” Mortar Joint Used on a Bank
  50. 50. Oriented Strand Board A building panel composed of long sheets of long shreds of wood fiber (not veneer) oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.
  51. 51. Water Closet 3” Pipe Below Lavatory 1 ½” Pipe Diameter A fixed bowl or basin with running water and drainpipe for washing
  52. 52. Shower
  53. 53. Interior VTR This plumbing vent keeps the pressure equal in the pipes so that a vacuum does not suck the water out of P-traps , which would let sewage gas back into the home.
  54. 54. Exterior VTR The plumbing vent goes out through the roof to let the gas out into the atmosphere.
  55. 55. Kitchen Sink Undermount
  56. 56. Plywood A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. Veneer: A thin layer, sheet, or facing.
  57. 57. Rebar #8 Rebar The purpose of the deformations on the rebar are to help bind the concrete and rebar together.
  58. 58. Downspout Gutter: A channel that collects rainwater and a vertical pipe used to drain rainwater from a roof snowmelt at the eave of a roof.
  59. 59. Underlayment: A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing. This protects the building from precipitation before roofing is applied.
  60. 60. Clay Tile Roof
  61. 61. Metal Shingle Roof Shingle: A small unit of water- resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to render a sloping roof watertight.
  62. 62. Preformed Metal Roof A roof made of metal panels that requires no special equipment for installation on-site. Made of long sheets of galvanized or aluminized steel.
  63. 63. Gable Roof
  64. 64. Hip Roof
  65. 65. Mansard Roof
  66. 66. Gambrel
  67. 67. Rake: The inclined portion of a cornice. These are typically found on gable roofs. Valley: When two roofing planes meet at the bottom of their pitch to form a valley. Ridge: This is where the sloped sides of a roof meet at the top of the roof.
  68. 68. Eave: The part of a roof which projects out from the side wall, projecting the edge of the roof. Fascia: Horizontal band or board that runs along the eaves of a roof, protects the rafters. Soffit: The exposed undersurface of any exterior overhanging section of a roof eave. It helps ventilate the attic.
  69. 69. Building Without A Fascia
  70. 70. Coursed Ashlar
  71. 71. Random Ashlar
  72. 72. Random Rubble
  73. 73. Vapor Retarder Put on the warm in winter side of the insulation. This retards the passage of water vapor.
  74. 74. Waterproofing: Liquid or sheet material applied to the exterior of a basement wall or floor to resist the intrusion of water under hydrostatic pressure. Fully Adhered
  75. 75. Control Joint A joint in the brick coursing that allows for swelling of the brick so that it does not damage the cladding. A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a Weep Hole building component or assembly.
  76. 76. Welded Wire Fabric 12” x 12” grid
  77. 77. Gliding Window Gliding windows are named this way because they slide open from left to right or vice versa.
  78. 78. Casement Window These windows open outward by a crank located on the sill.
  79. 79. Double-Hung Window This window is called double- hung because the top pane or the bottom pane can be open without the other pane being open as well.
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