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Visual dictionary after defs

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Visual dictionary after defs

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary<br />By: Ryan Sims<br />Devin Vickers<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />An external membrane applied to sheathing which acts as a weather barrier and helps to prevent water from entering the house<br />
  3. 3. Soffit Vent<br />An opening under the eave of a roof, used to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing.<br />
  4. 4. Ridge Vent<br />A long, open assembly that allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.<br />
  5. 5. Gable Vent<br />A screened, louvered opening in a gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from an attic.<br />
  6. 6. Roof Turbine<br />Exhausts moist, hot air from your attic and pulls in cooler air from the outside.<br />
  7. 7. Backhoe<br />An excavator whose shovel bucket is attached to a hinged boom and is drawn backward to move the earth. It helps you to dig holes on the jobsite.<br />
  8. 8. Batter Boards<br />A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation.<br />
  9. 9. Brick Arch 1<br />Segmented arch<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arch 2<br />Gothic arch with keystone<br />
  11. 11. Centering<br />
  12. 12. Brick Bond 1<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bond 2<br />Running bond- continuous row of stretchers with every other row is offset ½ brick<br />
  14. 14. Rowlocks<br />
  15. 15. Headers<br />
  16. 16. Soldiers<br />
  17. 17. Stretcher Rowlocks<br />
  18. 18. Sailor<br />
  19. 19. Brick Size 1<br />Utility- 3 ½” W x 3 ½” H x 11 ½” L<br />
  20. 20. Brick Size 2<br />King – 3” x 2 5/8” x 9 5/8”<br />
  21. 21. Bulldozer<br />A bulldozer is a crawler (caterpillar tracked tractor), equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work.<br />
  22. 22. Brick Cladding<br />
  23. 23. EIFS Cladding<br />
  24. 24. Stone Cladding<br />
  25. 25. Wood Board Cladding<br />
  26. 26. Wood Shakes Cladding<br />Wood Shake- small shingle split from a block of wood that gives it a rough texture and uneven depths<br />Wood Shingle- sawn shingle, more smoother and uniform; also larger in size<br />
  27. 27. Code Picture 1<br />Code requirements- Riser height 7 ¾” maximum , tread depth 10”nosing to nosing <br />Our measurements- 7 1/2 “ riser and 1’ tread<br />
  28. 28. Code Picture 2<br />Code requirements- minimum opening of 5.7 square feet(5 feet if sill is less than 44” off FFE). Opening width 20” minimum , and opening height 24” minimum<br />Our Measurements- 7.04 sq feet and 20 “ above FFE<br />
  29. 29. Control Joint<br />An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.<br />
  30. 30. Isolation Joint<br />A pavement joint that allows relative movement in three directions and avoids formation of cracks elsewhere in the concrete and through which all or part of the bonded reinforcement is interrupted.<br />
  31. 31. CMU Pic 1<br />A hardened block of concrete usually laid like regular masonry brick. The hollow core allows the blocks to be filled with concrete which adds to the strength. CMU is more economical than cast concrete, and when properly laid one course is equal to 3 courses of standard bricks. A typical CMU unit measures 8” x 8” x 16”<br />
  32. 32. CMU Pic 2<br />4” CMU<br />
  33. 33. CMU Pic 3<br />10” CMU<br />
  34. 34. Split Face Block<br />
  35. 35. Ribbed Block<br />
  36. 36. Flush Door<br />
  37. 37. Panel Door<br />
  38. 38. Transom<br />A small window directly above a door.<br />
  39. 39. Sidelight<br />A tall, narrow window along-side a door.<br />
  40. 40. Power Pole with a Transformer<br />Steps down electricity from a few thousand volts to 110v/220v service which is useable for the house<br />
  41. 41. Service Head<br />Brings the electricity into the actual meter and isolates that particular residence through an in-line fuse which prevents the house wiring from interfering with other structures on the grid<br />
  42. 42. Meter<br />Measures how much electricity is being used<br />
  43. 43. Service Panel<br />The point where electricity enters the home and is distributed throughout to the home through individual circuits or to other panels<br />
  44. 44. Duplex Receptacle<br />Where power is accessed from the home<br />
  45. 45. Anchor Bolt<br />
  46. 46. Sill Plate<br />
  47. 47. Floor Joist<br />
  48. 48. Subflooring<br />
  49. 49. Sole Plate<br />
  50. 50. Stud<br />
  51. 51. Top Plate<br />
  52. 52. Stringer<br />
  53. 53. Ceiling Joist<br />
  54. 54. Rafter<br />
  55. 55. Roof Decking<br />
  56. 56. Sheathing<br />
  57. 57. Front End Loader<br />Used for transporting piles of dirt or other materials at a jobsite. Unlike a bulldozer it can scoop dirt off the ground and move it rather than just push it around<br />
  58. 58. Gypsum Board<br />An interior finish that consists of a gypsum core between two faces of paper<br />
  59. 59. Compressor/Evaporator<br />Compresses the refrigerant gas which gives off heat, thus cooling the air as it flows across the cooler coils of the air handling unit<br />~one advantage of the heat pump system is that it’s the most efficient way to heat and cool a home<br />
  60. 60. Air Handling Unit<br />Forces the air through the system with the use of a blower fan. Also has a heating unit which warms air as it goes through it before distributing it throughout the house<br />~one disadvantage of a heat pump system is that it is noisy and one must account for this in the placement of the compressor unit<br />
  61. 61. Batt/Blanket Insulation<br />Strips or rolls of fiberglass insulation used to insulate walls and cielings<br />
  62. 62. Loose Fill Insulation<br />Loose fiberglass or paper insulation blown into place <br />
  63. 63. Foamed Insulation<br />A mixture of chemicals that react and expand. It is spray applied and is the best form of insulation to completely seal off penetrations<br />
  64. 64. Rigid Insulation<br />Rigid insulation is insulation that is in the form of sheets used for exterior sheathing of walls as well as insulation<br />
  65. 65. Lintel<br />A beam that carries the load of a wall over an opening such as a window or door<br />
  66. 66. Mortar Joint 1<br />
  67. 67. Mortar Joint 2<br />
  68. 68. Oriented Strand Board<br />A nonveneered panel made of strands of wood glued and compressed together in several layers. Each layer is oriented a different way to increase strength<br />
  69. 69. Lavatory<br />Uses 1 ½ inch diameter piping for drainage<br />
  70. 70. Water Closet<br />Uses a 3 inch diameter pipe to drain<br />
  71. 71. Tub and Studs<br />
  72. 72. Plumbing Vent<br />Allows the air to enter the plumbing system eliminating a vacuum allowing water to drain from the pipes<br />
  73. 73. Bathroom Sink<br />
  74. 74. Plywood<br />Made by gluing thin veneers of wood together rotating each layer 90 degrees. This provides greater strength and minimizes moisture movement<br />Veneer- a thin layer or facing<br />
  75. 75. Radiant Barrier<br />Radiant barriers are typically installed on top of rafters or under them to reflect radiant heat from the house<br />
  76. 76. Rebar<br />
  77. 77. Gutter<br />A channel that collects rainwater at the eave of a roof<br />
  78. 78. Downspout<br />A vertical pipe that directs the water from the gutter to a lower level discharge point<br />
  79. 79. Splash Block<br />A precast concrete or plastic block used to dissipate the water at ground level so the ground around it doesn’t erode<br />
  80. 80. Roof Underlayment<br />
  81. 81. Clay Tile Roof<br />
  82. 82. Shingle Roof<br />Slate Shingle Roof<br />
  83. 83. Metal Roof<br />
  84. 84. Gable Roof<br />
  85. 85. Gambrel Roof <br />
  86. 86. Hip Roof<br />
  87. 87. Mansard Roof<br />
  88. 88. Ridge <br />
  89. 89. Valley<br />
  90. 90. Eave<br />
  91. 91. Rake<br />
  92. 92. Fascia<br />
  93. 93. Soffit<br />
  94. 94. Stone<br />
  95. 95. Vapor Retarder<br />
  96. 96. Waterproofing<br />
  97. 97. Weep Hole<br />
  98. 98. Welded Wire Fabric<br />
  99. 99. Window 1<br />
  100. 100. Window 2<br />
  101. 101. Window 3<br />

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