Visual Dictionary-F09shear


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Visual Dictionary-F09shear

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary“F09shear”<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Air Barrier Paper is used to prevent water and air penetration into the house. In this instance, the air barrier paper is wrapped around the entire home.<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit Vent<br />Roof Turbine: Helps pull heat away from the building by pulling the air away from it.<br />Soffit Vent: vent/opening under the eave of roof to allow air flow into the attic.<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation (continued)<br />Gable vent: opening used to exhaust excess heat from the attic.<br />Ridge Vent<br />Ridge Vent: a long open assembly along top of room that allows air to escape<br />
  5. 5. Backhoe<br />A backhoe is primarily used in the beginning stages of construction. It is used for things like digging foundations. The size of the bucket in this picture is 2 feet.<br />
  6. 6. Brick Arches<br />Keystone<br />Roman Arch<br />Jack Arch<br />
  7. 7. Brick Arches (continued)<br />Centering: temporary framework used to construct domes and arches<br />
  8. 8. Brick Bonds<br />English garden wall: Flemish bond every fourth or fifth course<br />Running Bonds: stretcher courses offset<br />
  9. 9. Brick Bonds (continued)<br />
  10. 10. Brick Work<br />stretcher<br />rowlock<br />header<br />sailor<br />
  11. 11. Brick Work (continued)<br />Rowlock Stretcher<br />
  12. 12. Brick Sizes<br />Modular<br />Norman<br />3 5/8” by 2 ¼” by 7 5/8” <br />4 5/8” by 2 ¼” by 11 5/8”<br />
  13. 13. Bulldozer<br />Bulldozer: used to grade a site. A bulldozer is a machine that pushes dirt or any sort of land off or on a job site.<br />
  14. 14. Cladding<br />Wood Boards<br />Brick<br />
  15. 15. Cladding (continued)<br />Limestone<br />(travertine)<br />Coursed ashlar<br />Wood Shingles<br />Shingle: A small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to render a wall or sloping roof water tight.<br />
  16. 16. Code Requirements<br />Measurements of stairs: Tread- 11”<br /> riser- 7”<br /> nosing-3/4”<br />Code= tread-10”min<br /> riser-7 ¾”max<br /> nosing-3/4” to 1 ¼ “<br />-Window opening width is 27” and height is 35”= around 6.8 square feet. Code is 5.7 square feet minimum so it passes<br />-Opening is 15” from finished floor. Code is maximum 44” above finished floor<br />
  17. 17. Control Joint<br />Control Joint: An intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or a component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.<br />Control Joint<br />
  18. 18. Isolation joint<br />Isolation joint: A joint in the concrete that goes all the way around a column or pole. The concrete around it is usually poured at a separate time than the rest of the slab. This power pole is separated from the rest of the median.<br />
  19. 19. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)<br />12’’ block<br />6” block<br />CMU: Building material that is hollowed concrete block. Meant to be laid in mortar. Standard dimensions are 8’ by 8’ by 16’ (height of modular bricks)<br />
  20. 20. Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed Blocks<br />Split Blocks<br />
  21. 21. Doors<br />Transom<br />sidelight<br />Transom: small window located directly above the door<br />Sidelight: taller, narrow window located on the side or sides of a door<br />
  22. 22. Doors (continued)<br />Panel Door<br />Top rail<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Stile<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  23. 23. Doors (continued)<br />Flush Door<br />
  24. 24. Electrical Components<br />Meter: measures (in Kilowatt/hour) the energy usage in a building.<br />Power Pole Transformer is used to step down the power so that it can be used within a residence.<br />
  25. 25. Electrical Components (continued)<br />A panel board houses circuit breakers that divert the main power supply into different circuits and shuts of if a circuit is tripped.<br />Duplex receptacle- grounds anything that is in need of a source of energy. It provide power to common household items and is found on most walls.<br />
  26. 26. Electrical Components (continued)<br />Service Head: The assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to meter base.<br />
  27. 27. Framing Elements<br />Anchor Bolt #1<br />Floor Joist #3<br />Sill Plate #2<br />
  28. 28. Framing Elements (continued)<br />Top Plate #7<br />Stud #6<br />Sole Plate #5<br />Subflooring #4<br />
  29. 29. Framing Elements (continued)<br />Ceiling Joist #8<br />
  30. 30. Framing Elements (continued)<br />Rafter #9<br />Sheathing #11<br />#10: Roof Decking<br />
  31. 31. Framing Elements (continued)<br />Stringer #12<br />
  32. 32. Front End Loader<br />Front end loader is used in the early stages like a backhoe, but is not meant for digging. It is used to move dirt and gravel or anything necessary. It doesn’t just push dirt like a bulldozer, it also picks it up.<br />
  33. 33. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum board is gypsum in between two sheets of paper. A material used for walls and ceilings. Also known as sheet rock or drywall. <br />
  34. 34. Heat Pump<br />An advantage of a heat pump is that you do not need separate heating and cooling units. A disadvantage is that it only works in mild climates.<br />Compressor/evaporator<br />Air Handling Unit<br />-The air handling unit circulates air through the house and moves the air over coils. <br />-The compressor pressurizes and circulates refrigerant gas to produce heat or cooling in the coils.<br />
  35. 35. Insulation<br />Batt/Blanket Insulation<br />Insulation: A material used that has a low conductivity to help keep heat and cold air through the structure or assembly.<br />
  36. 36. Insulation (continued)<br />Rigid Board Insulation<br />Loose fill Insulation<br />Foam Insulation<br />
  37. 37. Lintel<br />Lintel: A horizontal beam that usually supports masonry above a window or door opening. This lintel is made of concrete.<br />
  38. 38. Mortar Joints<br />A vee joint is tooled and this one is 3/8” thick. It is on a house and I would guess type N mortar based on the load and location.<br />Vee Joint<br />
  39. 39. Mortar Joints (continued)<br />Raked Mortar Joint<br />Raked Mortar Joint is tooled. This particular one is also your typical 3/8” thick. It is located on an apartment complex. Probably type N mortar.<br />
  40. 40. Oriented Strand Board<br />OSB: A type of sheathing similar to plywood. It is a nonveneered panel product, and it is strands of wood that is bonded together by pressure in specific directions. Its typical dimensions are 4’ by 8’.<br />
  41. 41. Plumbing<br />A lavatory is a sink and it typically uses 1-1.5” piping to drain it.<br />Water Closet<br />Typical 3” piping used to drain.<br />
  42. 42. Plumbing (continued)<br />This plumbing vent is letting the gas from plumbing pipes escape through the roof instead of coming back into the house.<br />Manufactured Tub<br />
  43. 43. Plumbing (continued)<br />Undermount Sink<br />
  44. 44. Plywood<br />-Plywood is a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. <br />-Veneer is a thin layer or sheet.<br />
  45. 45. Radiant Barrier<br />Radiant Barrier: A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in a roof or wall that keeps out the passage of infrared energy.<br />Radiant Barrier<br />
  46. 46. Rebar<br />This is #4 rebar, meaning it is ½” in diameter. It has been placed in a concrete footing. It will be used to reinforce the concrete, the grooves/deformations are helpful because the concrete can mold to the rebar.<br />
  47. 47. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutter: A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.<br />Downspout: A vertical piping used to drain water from roof to lower level or ground.<br />
  48. 48. Steep Roof Drainage (continued)<br />Splashblock: A small piece of concrete or plastic used to divert water at bottom of the downspout.<br />
  49. 49. Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment: Helps keep moisture and any penetration out of the sheathing. That is what it is doing on this home.<br />
  50. 50. Steep Roof Materials (continued)<br />Clay Tile<br />Wood Shingles<br />Shingle-small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to render a wall or sloping roof water tight.<br />
  51. 51. Steep Roof Materials (continued)<br />Metal Roof: This is just a metal roof fabricated of sheets of metal. Often, it is made of aluminized steel or galvanized steel.<br />
  52. 52. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable Roof Shape<br />Gambrel Roof Shape<br />Hip Roof shape<br />
  53. 53. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge<br />Valley<br />Valley-trough formed by the intersection of two parts of a roof<br />Rake<br />Rake-sloping edge of a steep roof<br />Ridge-level intersection of two roof planes in a gable vent<br />
  54. 54. Steep Roof Terms (continued)<br />Eave: Horizontal edge of the low side of a roof. <br />Soffit<br />This eave has no fascia, meaning it has no board or face to the eave.<br />Soffit-undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially a roof overhang.<br />
  55. 55. Steep Roof Terms (continued)<br />Fascia: Exposed vertical face of an eave.<br />
  56. 56. Stone<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />Random Rubble<br />
  57. 57. Vapor Retarder<br />Vapor retarder protects moisture and is generally made of kraft (brown) paper. It is usually put on the warm winter side of the insulation.<br />
  58. 58. Waterproofing<br />This is a liquid applied waterproofing technique that is applied in an effort to keep moisture completely out.<br />
  59. 59. Weep Hole<br />A Weep hole or wick allows water to drain from where it has seeped through the mortar. It is in this brick wall to drain water.<br />
  60. 60. Windows<br />This is an awning window because it is hinged at the top of the window.<br />This is double hung because it has two overlapping sashes that slide vertically in tracks.<br />
  61. 61. Windows (continued)<br />This is an outswinging casement window because it is hinged at the side and it swings outward.<br />