Bjones jica 2012

700 views

Published on

Slides used for my general orientation lecture on Japanese Education for JICA trainees.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
700
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Bjones jica 2012

  1. 1. Japan’s Education System Brent A. Jones Konan University
  2. 2. Prof. Koji Nakamura
  3. 3. OverviewBackgroundStructure/Learning PopulationKeys to SuccessStormy Waters
  4. 4. Japan’s Modern Educational SystemOne-Hundred Years of Japanese Education
  5. 5. Early InfluencesConfucianismBuddhism
  6. 6. Feudal PeriodFief Schools (hanko ) military arts, morals, literatureTemple Schools (terako y a) practical skills for daily life
  7. 7. Late Edo / Early MeijiConfucian ScholarsMilitary SpecialistsBuddhist Temples
  8. 8. Niijima JoJoseph Hardy Neesima
  9. 9. Iwakura MissionIwakura Mission
  10. 10. Tsuda Umeko
  11. 11. Tsuda Umeko
  12. 12. Department of Education - 1871 4 days after abolition of fiefs Policy of educational unification
  13. 13. Education System Order - 1872 Aim to unify the diversity of curriculums Reflected elements of various western models Single most important document in modern Japanese educational history
  14. 14. Ito Hirobumi
  15. 15. Mori Arinori
  16. 16. Ministry of Education
  17. 17. Tanaka Fujimaro Together pushed for a system based on that in the U.S. David Murray
  18. 18. 1879 Education OrderResponse to shortcomings of 1872 OrderPolitical compromisePolicy of decentralization
  19. 19. Imperial Rescript on Education Emperor Meiji’s Inspection Tour Critique of Civilization and Enlightenment Movement Highlighted antagonism between traditional and progressive modes of thought
  20. 20. 1880 Education OrderEmphasis on national control
  21. 21. 1885 Education OrderMotivated by economics (support for local areas)Allowed for simplified elementary school
  22. 22. Competing factionsNational Learning (wagaku)Chinese Learning (kangaku)Western Learning (yo gaku)
  23. 23. Group harmony and respect for teachers Excellent discipline at home and school
  24. 24. American Occupation6-3-3-4 SystemAim was to return education to normal stateEducational Policy for the Construction of a NewJapan
  25. 25. Fundamental Law of Education Based on several reports, documents Equal rights to education Compulsory education free
  26. 26. Reading Math ScienceShanghai 556 (1) 600 (1) 575 (1) Finland 536 (3) 541 (6) 554 (2)HK-China 533 (4) 555 (3) 549 (3)Singapore 526 (5) 562 (2) 542 (4) Japan 520 (8) 529 (9) 539 (5) Korea 539 (2) 546 (4) 538 (6)
  27. 27. Stormy WatersBullyingSchool RefusalSuicideMonster ParentsClassroom ChaosDisenfranchised
  28. 28. Bullying72,778 cases (2009)75,295 (2010)physical or verbal abuse, damage to a student’sbelongings, taunting messages
  29. 29. School Refusal126,764 (2006) 1.17% Elementary school (1 in 302) Junior high (1 in 35)
  30. 30. Suicidebetween 500 - 600 cases a year (under 19 yearsold)
  31. 31. Monster Parents“My child has lost a wallet somewhere in school. Buy him a new one.” --Parents from Kanagawa.“Make sure you check out the weather forecast every day, and let meknow first if there is any need to have my kid bring an umbrella.” --Parents from Kanagawa.“Let my son sleep during a class, because he’s been very busy going toa cram school lately.” -- Parents from Kanagawa.“No one in my family is good at waking up early in the morning, so giveus a phone call every morning so we won’t oversleep.” -- Parents fromFukui.“Since my daughter has been taking a private lesson to become aprofessional pianist, don’t let her play outside during a break, so shewon’t hurt her fingers.” -- Parents from Tokyo.
  32. 32. Classroom Chaos

×