Bjones jica 2012
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Bjones jica 2012

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Slides used for my general orientation lecture on Japanese Education for JICA trainees.

Slides used for my general orientation lecture on Japanese Education for JICA trainees.

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Bjones jica 2012 Bjones jica 2012 Presentation Transcript

  • Japan’s Education System Brent A. Jones Konan University
  • Prof. Koji Nakamura
  • OverviewBackgroundStructure/Learning PopulationKeys to SuccessStormy Waters
  • Japan’s Modern Educational SystemOne-Hundred Years of Japanese Education
  • Early InfluencesConfucianismBuddhism
  • Feudal PeriodFief Schools (hanko ) military arts, morals, literatureTemple Schools (terako y a) practical skills for daily life
  • Late Edo / Early MeijiConfucian ScholarsMilitary SpecialistsBuddhist Temples
  • Niijima JoJoseph Hardy Neesima
  • Iwakura MissionIwakura Mission
  • Tsuda Umeko
  • Tsuda Umeko
  • Department of Education - 1871 4 days after abolition of fiefs Policy of educational unification
  • Education System Order - 1872 Aim to unify the diversity of curriculums Reflected elements of various western models Single most important document in modern Japanese educational history
  • Ito Hirobumi
  • Mori Arinori
  • Ministry of Education
  • Tanaka Fujimaro Together pushed for a system based on that in the U.S. David Murray
  • 1879 Education OrderResponse to shortcomings of 1872 OrderPolitical compromisePolicy of decentralization
  • Imperial Rescript on Education Emperor Meiji’s Inspection Tour Critique of Civilization and Enlightenment Movement Highlighted antagonism between traditional and progressive modes of thought
  • 1880 Education OrderEmphasis on national control
  • 1885 Education OrderMotivated by economics (support for local areas)Allowed for simplified elementary school
  • Competing factionsNational Learning (wagaku)Chinese Learning (kangaku)Western Learning (yo gaku)
  • Group harmony and respect for teachers Excellent discipline at home and school
  • American Occupation6-3-3-4 SystemAim was to return education to normal stateEducational Policy for the Construction of a NewJapan
  • Fundamental Law of Education Based on several reports, documents Equal rights to education Compulsory education free
  • Reading Math ScienceShanghai 556 (1) 600 (1) 575 (1) Finland 536 (3) 541 (6) 554 (2)HK-China 533 (4) 555 (3) 549 (3)Singapore 526 (5) 562 (2) 542 (4) Japan 520 (8) 529 (9) 539 (5) Korea 539 (2) 546 (4) 538 (6)
  • Stormy WatersBullyingSchool RefusalSuicideMonster ParentsClassroom ChaosDisenfranchised
  • Bullying72,778 cases (2009)75,295 (2010)physical or verbal abuse, damage to a student’sbelongings, taunting messages
  • School Refusal126,764 (2006) 1.17% Elementary school (1 in 302) Junior high (1 in 35)
  • Suicidebetween 500 - 600 cases a year (under 19 yearsold)
  • Monster Parents“My child has lost a wallet somewhere in school. Buy him a new one.” --Parents from Kanagawa.“Make sure you check out the weather forecast every day, and let meknow first if there is any need to have my kid bring an umbrella.” --Parents from Kanagawa.“Let my son sleep during a class, because he’s been very busy going toa cram school lately.” -- Parents from Kanagawa.“No one in my family is good at waking up early in the morning, so giveus a phone call every morning so we won’t oversleep.” -- Parents fromFukui.“Since my daughter has been taking a private lesson to become aprofessional pianist, don’t let her play outside during a break, so shewon’t hurt her fingers.” -- Parents from Tokyo.
  • Classroom Chaos