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School system of China


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Introduction to School system in China

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School system of China

  1. 1. School System in China Joanne Chen 2015
  2. 2. The Law of Nine-Year Compulsory Education (中华人民共和国义务教育法)July 1, 1986 • Education is required and free for Chinese citizens age 6 to 15. Chinese children all get a primary and middle school public education. • Parents must pay small fees for books and uniforms. • Each class averages 35 students. But often 40-50 students.
  3. 3. The Law of Nine-Year Compulsory • In 1986, the Chinese government passed a compulsory education law, making nine years of education mandatory for all Chinese children. • The modern education system is composed of three parts: pre- school education, basic education and higher education. Higher education Basic education Pre-school education School system
  4. 4. China's Educational System National Key University BA, MA, PhD Project 211 General University; Provincial Key BA, MA, PhD Can Also Confer 3-yr Diplomas Normal University (Teacher's College) Vocational College Two Year Gao Kao (College Entrance) Exam Senior Middle School (15 - 18 years old); Key and General Vocational School 15 - 18 yrs Zhong Kao (Senior Middle School Entrance) Exam Junior Middle School; 12 - 15 years old Primary (Elementary) School; 6 - 12 years old Kindergarten; 3 - 6 years old
  5. 5. Class schedule •Monday- Friday 7AM to 4PM or later •On Saturday morning, many schools hold required morning classes. •Subjects study: Chinese, English, history, literature math, science, music, art and physical education.
  6. 6. Typical Senior Middle School Class Schedule Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 8:00 - 8:40 Class Meeting Chinese Physics Math Math 8:50 - 9:30 Chinese Biology English Chinese P.E. 9:30 - 9:50 Morning Exercises 9:50 - 10:30 Math Math Chemistry History Biology 10:40 - 11:20 English Chemistry Chinese English History 11:20 - 11:30 Eye Muscle Relaxation Exercises 11:30 - 12:10 History/Geogra phy English Biology Politics Chemistry 12:10 - 2:00 Lunch Break 2:00 - 2:40 Math Elective Math Physics English 2:50 - 3:30 Politics Elective P.E. Biology Chinese 3:40 - 4:20 Physics Self-Study Youth League Activity Quiz 4:30 - 5:30 Extracurricular Activity, e.g., Piano Lessons 5:30 - 6:30 Dinner Break 6:30 - 12:00 Homework
  7. 7. School Life 学校生活 •School begins around 7:30 with a flag raising ceremony and a lecture from the principal •Typical school day is from 7:00am to 4:00pm •Middle class children fill the hours after school with homework, music lesson and other enrichment programs. English and math classes are popular.
  8. 8. Preschool 幼儿园
  9. 9. Primary School 小学
  10. 10. High school
  11. 11. Gao Kao 高考 • In high school, Chinese students begin preparing for the Gao Kao (National University Entrance Examinations). • Results of the exam determine which university test-takers will attend the following year. • There were 9.42 million students taking the China’s National Higher Education Entrance Examination (Gao Kao) on June 2015. • Higher Education Entrance Examination (Gao Kao) on June 2015. Investment in education accounts for about 4% of total GDP in China.
  12. 12. • Held once annually at the end of the school year(Early July) • Third-year (12th Grade) high school students take the test • Subject includes: Chinese language and literature, math, English, and one or more subjects of student’s choice. (History, physics, social studies or Chemistry) • Students are accepted based on the test score. • Students may re-take the test if they fail the test Gao Kao 高考
  13. 13. Exam Day
  14. 14. Rural schools • Some 60 million students in rural school are “left-behind” children, cared for by their grandparents as their parents seek work in faraway cities.
  15. 15. Migrant children • Hukou 戶口 system – a residency status that ties access to subsidized social services to one’s hometown – denies rural children the right to enter urban public schools. • Many migrant children are relegated to private schools that charge higher tuition.
  16. 16. Teaching Methodology • Rote Memorization and a focus on math, science and Chinese. • Extensive test prep for middle school, high school and college entrance exam. • Children have traditionally learned by repetition and memorizing material without asking questions.
  17. 17. Banquet to Thank Teachers 谢师宴
  18. 18. Holidays and breaks • National Holiday in the beginning of October. (10-12 days) • Spring Festival (Chinese New Year) in mid-January or mid- February depending on the lunar calendar. (2-3 weeks) • Labor day (May 1) • Summer Vacation (Mid-July to end of August)
  19. 19. Strengths of Chinese Schools • Teachers in China are given more respect. • Chinese schools have a hard work ethic, resulting in student success. • Chinese schools do not segregate in high achieving students fro lower achieving students through tracking levels.
  20. 20. Negative aspect of Chinese education system • All sorts of exams including Gao Kao (University Entrance Exam) determine and are the proof of students’ success. • For many students, the Gao Kao is the most important thing for them. Many people believe that the Gao Kao robs Chinese students of their curiosity, creativity, and childhood.
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