Examine the issues of realism and expression related to sculpture in the later 19 th century.
Understand the selection of contemporary subject matter by sculptors.
Recognize representative sculptors and works of the later 19 th century.
Sculpture: Realist and Expressive
Examine issues of realism, expression and subject matter in sculpture of the later 19 th century.
Figure 29-47 JEAN-BAPTISTE CARPEAUX, Ugolino and His Children, 1865–1867. Marble, 6’ 5” high. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (Josephine Bay Paul and C. Michael Paul Foundation, Inc. and the Charles Ulrich and Josephine Bay Foundation, Inc., gifts, 1967).
Figure 29-48 AUGUSTUS SAINT-GAUDENS, Adams Memorial, Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, 1891. Bronze, 5’ 10” high.
Figure 29-49 AUGUSTE RODIN, Walking Man, 1905, cast 1962. Bronze, 6’ 11 3/4” high. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington (gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966).
Figure 29-50 AUGUSTE RODIN, Burghers of Calais, 1884–1889, cast ca. 1953–1959. Bronze, 6’ 10 1/2” high, 7’ 11” long, 6’ 6” deep. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington (gift of Joseph H. Hirshhorn, 1966).
29.8 The Arts and Crafts Movement
Examine the ideas of Ruskin and Morris in shaping the Arts and Crafts Movement.
Understand the interest in aesthetic functional objects in the Arts and Crafts Movement.
Examine the preference for high-quality artisanship and honest labor.
Examine the preferred nature forms of Art Nouveau in art and architecture.
Objects and Décor of the Arts & Crafts
Understand the interest in aesthetic functional objects and the preference for high-quality artisanship and honest labor.
Figure 29-51 WILLIAM MORRIS, Green Dining Room, 1867. Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
Figure 29-52 CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH, reconstruction (1992–1995) of Ladies’ Luncheon Room, Ingram Street Tea Room, Glasgow, Scotland, 1900–1912. Glasgow Museum, Glasgow.
Figure 29-53 VICTOR HORTA, staircase in the Van Eetvelde House, Brussels, 1895.
Figure 29-54 AUBREY BEARDSLEY, The Peacock Skirt, 1894. Pen-and-ink illustration for Oscar Wilde’s Salomé.
Nature in Art Nouveau Architecture
Examine the organic nature forms in Art Nouveau architecture.
Figure 29-55 ANTONIO GAUDI, Casa Milá, Barcelona, 1907.
Figure 29-56 GUSTAV KLIMT, The Kiss, 1907–1908. Oil on canvas, 5’ 10 3/4” x 5’ 10 3/4”. Austrian Gallery, Vienna.
29.7 Architecture in the Later 19 th Century
Understand the new technology and changing needs of urban society and their effects on architecture.
Examine new materials use in architecture and the forms made possible as a result.
Understand how architects were able to think differently about space as a result of new technology and materials.
Examine the remarkable work and theories of Louis Sullivan.
New Technology and Materials
Understand new technology, changing needs of urban society, and new materials in architecture.