Ancient African Art


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Ancient African Art

  1. 1. Chapter 13: Art of Ancient Africa Laura Glasser AP Art History Midterm Project
  2. 2. Ritual Vessel <ul><li>Bottom of Jar ritually broken before it was buried to allow the offering to flow into the earth </li></ul><ul><li>High relief of naturalistic/abstract elements </li></ul><ul><li>Terra-cotta vase </li></ul><ul><li>Created between 1000-1400 CE </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rock-Wall Paintings <ul><li>Cattle Being Tended </li></ul><ul><li>Found at Tassili-n-Aijer in Algeria </li></ul><ul><li>Dated from 2500-1500 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>Portrays men and women gathered in daily life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women cooking, caring for children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men tending to cattle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subjects are different sizes, and on different plains showing understanding of depth and distance. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Nok Art <ul><li>Head </li></ul><ul><li>c. 500 BCE - 200 CE </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly larger than actual size </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely part of a complete figure </li></ul><ul><li>Triangular D-shaped eyes are characteristic of Nok style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also appear on sculptures of animals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Holes in pupils, nostrils, and mouth allowed for air to pass freely when figure was fired. </li></ul><ul><li>Piercing in the buns may have held ornamental feathers/decorations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boasted large amounts of beads and ornaments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May represent ordinary people dressed for a special occasion, or people of high status. </li></ul><ul><li>This sculpture provides evidence of considerable technical accomplishments </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ife Art <ul><li>Head of King </li></ul><ul><li>c. 13th century CE </li></ul><ul><li>Originally thought to have been made my people of the lost city of Atlantis </li></ul><ul><li>Life-size head </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive modeling of flesh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition from nose to mouth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Face covered by thin parallel scarificationp patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Head was a cast of zinc brass using the “lost-wax technique </li></ul><ul><li>Holes at top possibly for veil or crown </li></ul>
  6. 6. Benin Art Early Period <ul><li>Memorial Head </li></ul><ul><li>Benin early period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>c. 1400-1500 CE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Memorial sculpture of kings of the first dynasties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ogiso, or Skyking dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lasting tradition of of casting memorial sculptures of royal ancestry remains a major success of Oranmiyan </li></ul>
  7. 7. Benin Art Middle Period <ul><li>General and Officers </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1550-1650 CE </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed plaque </li></ul><ul><li>Helmets on officers reveal ranks </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller figures in between 3 main characters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Show rank and social hierarchy through status. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Mask Representing an Iyoba <ul><li>Benin Middle Period </li></ul><ul><li>c. 1550 CE </li></ul><ul><li>Ornimental Mask </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made of ivory, iron, and copper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Iyoba </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ queen mother” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May represent Idia, the first and best known iyoba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remembered for raising an army and magical powers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Old Djenné Art <ul><li>Horseman, from Old Djenné </li></ul><ul><li>Mali, 13-15th century </li></ul><ul><li>Terra-Cotta sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Impressive example of technique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rolls of clay on which detailed faces, clothing etc. are carved, painted and engraved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Covered with red clay slip and fired </li></ul>
  10. 10. Djenné Architecture <ul><li>Great Friday Mosque, Djenné </li></ul><ul><li>Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Has 9 rows of 33 foot tall towers, linked by pointed arches </li></ul><ul><li>Has 3 tall towers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atop each tower is an ostrich egg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Represents fertility and purity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Has Torons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logs that stick out from the structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for permanent support </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Horse Figurines <ul><li>Unknown time period in Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Creator; Thail </li></ul><ul><li>Ceramic figurines </li></ul><ul><li>Animal-shaped figures, often depicting a snake motif on statuettes or on the belly of globular vases. Sometimes the serpent is coiled in an independent form. A horse motif is common, but is usually mounted. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Seated Human Figure with Crossed Arms <ul><li>Ceramic figurine </li></ul><ul><li>Maker: Inland Niger Delta </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropomorphic figures, often incised, impressed and with added motifs, such as scarification marks and serpentine patterns on their bodies, often depicting horsemen or individuals sitting, squatting, kneeling, embracing, or in a position of repose, arms elongated the length of the body or crossed over the chest, with the head tipped backwards. This example is a seated figure with arms crossed over his chest. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Archer Figure <ul><li>Inland Niger Delta Region, Mali </li></ul><ul><li>13th-15th century </li></ul><ul><li>Terra-cotta </li></ul><ul><li>Undetermined purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Represents a warrior dressed in military gear. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>equipped with quivers (cases to hold arrows) on their backs and knives strapped to each of their left arms. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explains the importance placed on warriors. </li></ul>