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 Biometric Biometric Presentation Transcript

  • Impact of ICT on Society
    • Security Measure
    • (Biometrics, Authentication)
    Prepared By : Abdullah Afeeq b. Imam Jurjani Date : 29/05/2007
  • Authentication is a process where users verify that they say they are. The user who attempts to perform functions in a system is in fact the user who is authorised to do so.
    • Existing Authentication Method
    • Something you know:
    • User Id, password, pin number
    • Something you have:
    • Smart card, magnetic card, key
    • Something you know and have:
    • ATM card + pin number
    • Something you naturally have:
    • Fingerprint, face, iris, hand
    • What is biometric?
    • A biometric is a measurable biological phenomena
    • Biometrics are automated methods of recognizing a person
    • based on a physiological or behavioral characteristics
    • Why it is preferred?
    • Accurate and able to speed up processes
    • Convenience: can be used in place of many existing security
    • methods
    • Becoming socially acceptance and inexpensive
    • Biometrics Type – Fingerprint Scan
    • Uses 30 to 40 points at each finger
    • 10 fingers per person
    • Biometrics Type – Iris Scan
    • Uses about 250 differentiating features
    • Very accurate
    • Higher matching performance
    • Biometrics Type – Retina Scan
    • Uses over 400 points for identification
    • Very accurate
    • Biometrics Type – Hand Geometry
    • Uses 3D shape of hand
    • Hand length, width, thickness
    • Biometrics Technology – Facial Scan
    • Measurement of facial features
    • Relationship between features
    • Minimal user cooperation required
    • Biometrics Technology – Signature Scan
    • Dynamics of signature creation
    • Acceleration, pressure, stroke length
    • New Biometric Technology
    • DNA Matching
    • - analysis on DNA for identification
    • Vein Identification
        • - use vein patterns on the back of hand
    • Conclusions
    • Biometric gives great impact to society. The need for convenience and high security has brought biometrics to the following applications :
    • National security
    • Military, immigration and other government purpose
    • Citizen Identification
    • Identify/authentify citizens interact with government agencies
    • PC/Network Access
    • Secure access to PCs, networks and other computer resources
    • Physical access/ Time and Attendance
      • Secure access to given area at a given time
    • Surveillance and Screening
    • Identify/authentify individuals present in a given location
    • Retail / ATM / Point of Sale:
      • Provide identification/authentication for transactions for goods and services
    • Criminal Identification
      • Identify/verify individuals in law enforcement application
  • Source Of Resources Internet 1. 2. 3. 4. Magazines Smart Cards Meet Biometrics,” Card Technology (September/October 1996), p 30