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  2. 2. VERB PATTERNS IN ENGLISH THE INFINITIVE THE GERUND PATTERNS PATTERNSVERB + TO VERB + OBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + VERB + INFINITIVE VERB + GERUNDINFINITIVE TO INFINITIVE INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO or GERUND WITH CHANGE WITHOUT CHANGE OF MEANING OF MEANING I want to go I want her She makes to go to It started to the cinema. me cry. I regret I regret the cinema. to rain. telling you to tell you = that secret. I won’t I love It started help you skating. raining. ICI
  3. 3. VERB PATTERNS IN ENGLISH THE INFINITIVE PATTERNS VERB + TO VERB + OBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + VERB + TO INFINITIVEINFINITIVE TO INFINITIVE INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO or GERUNDI want to go I want her She made WITH WITHOUT to the to go to the me cry. CHANGE CHANGE cinema. OF MEANING OF MEANING cinema. I started to cry. She stopped to smoke.  She stopped smoking. = I started crying. ICI
  4. 4. VERB + TO INFINITIVEAGREE They decided to divide the profits equally.DECIDEHOPE I promise to wait.FORGETLEARN He forgot to leave the car keys on the table.PROMISEPLAN TO DOREFUSE We would like to visit Japan in 2006.WANTWOULD LIKE She learnt to drive a car.WOULD PREFERWOULD HATE She agreed to come with us.WOULD LOVE They want to go to the football match. ICI
  5. 5. VERB + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE They allowed us to go to the party.ALLOWASK MaryHELP We want the students to visit the new museum.NEED herINVITEORDER She told me to go there. TO DOREMIND usTELLWANT We would like you to come with us. the studentsWOULD LIKEWOULD PREFERWOULD HATE Peter & John I ordered Mary to wait.WOULD LOVE He asked us to leave by half past seven. ICI
  6. 6. VERB + OBJECT + (TO) INFINITIVEHELP Mary We helped Mary dust the living-room. her She makes me cry. DO usLET the students She doesn’t let me go to the cinema. Peter & JohnMAKE ICI
  7. 7. VERB PATTERNS IN ENGLISH THE GERUND PATTERNS VERB + GERUND or TO INFINITIVE VERB + GERUND WITH WITHOUT CHANGE CHANGE OF MEANING OF MEANING  I started crying.She stopped She stopped = I love singing. smoking. to smoke. I started to cry. ICI
  8. 8. VERB + GERUND We like driving cars. ADORE * She loves ice-skating. CAN’T STAND CARRY ON They hated studying English. DON’T MIND ENJOY FINISH I can’t stand listening to hip-hop. GIVE UP DOING GO ON HATE * We are looking forward to meeting Paul. KEEP ON LIKE * They kept on interrupting us. LOOK FORWARD TO LOVE * They gave up smoking last week. PREFER * ICI* These verbs can also take the TO INFINITIVE, but with a slight difference in meaning.- With the GERUND, they show a general activity: I like cooking.- With the TO INFINITIVE, they show a specific activity: I like to cook paella on Sundays.
  9. 9. VERB + TO INFINITIVE or GERUND (WITH CHANGE OF MEANING)REMEMBER I remembered to post the letter.  I remembered posting the letter. = I reminded myself to post the letter. = I have a memory now of a past action: posting the letter.STOP I stopped to smoke.  = I didn’t go on in order to have a cigarette. I stopped smoking. = I gave up the habit. TRY I tried to sleep.  = I wanted to sleep but it was difficult. I tried counting sheep. = It was a possible way of getting to sleep.REGRET I regret to inform you that we cannot offer you the job.  I regret telling him that secret. = I know that you will be = I told him; now I realise unhappy when I tell you. that it was a bad idea.GO ON I went on to talk about the exams.  I went on talking for two hours. = I changed subjects. ICI = I continued doing the same thing.
  10. 10. VERB + TO INFINITIVE or GERUND (WITHOUT CHANGE OF MEANING)BEGIN She began to read the book. = She began reading the book.CONTINUE We’ll continue to study hard. = We’ll continue studying hard.START I started to cook the meal. = I started cooking the meal. ICI