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Conditionals
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Conditionals

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  • 1. Conditionals revising I will study a lot if I have an exam. (1st conditional)
  • 2. 1st Conditional If I study, I will pass the exam. I know I will pass. It is possible, because I just need to study! We use the first conditional to talk about a POSSIBLE situation, now or in the future. If + subject + Present……, Subject + WILL
  • 3. 2nd Conditional If I studied, I would pass the exam. I should be studying, but I’m playing instead. So passing the exam is improbable or imaginary. We use the 2nd conditional to talk about IMPROBABLE or IMAGINARY situations , now or in the future. If + subject + Past Simple….., subject + would + infinitive
  • 4. 3rd Conditional If I had studied, I would have passed the exam Now it’s too late. Bart failed the exam, because he didn’t study. We use the 3rd conditional to talk about a situation in the past that DIDN’T HAPPEN – always IMAGINARY If + subject + past perfect…, subject + would have + past participle
  • 5. Remember!
    • Is it possible? Then it is a 1st conditional
    • Ex. If it rains, I will take my umbrella.
    • Is it improbable/imaginary? Then it is a 2nd conditional
    • Ex. If I lived in Tokyo, I would eat sushi every day
    • Is it impossible (past)? Then it is a 3rd conditional.
    • Ex. If he had invited me to the party, I would have bought him a very nice present