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Conditionals

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Conditionals

  1. 1. Conditionals revising I will study a lot if I have an exam. (1st conditional)
  2. 2. 1st Conditional If I study, I will pass the exam. I know I will pass. It is possible, because I just need to study! We use the first conditional to talk about a POSSIBLE situation, now or in the future. If + subject + Present……, Subject + WILL
  3. 3. 2nd Conditional If I studied, I would pass the exam. I should be studying, but I’m playing instead. So passing the exam is improbable or imaginary. We use the 2nd conditional to talk about IMPROBABLE or IMAGINARY situations , now or in the future. If + subject + Past Simple….., subject + would + infinitive
  4. 4. 3rd Conditional If I had studied, I would have passed the exam Now it’s too late. Bart failed the exam, because he didn’t study. We use the 3rd conditional to talk about a situation in the past that DIDN’T HAPPEN – always IMAGINARY If + subject + past perfect…, subject + would have + past participle
  5. 5. Remember! <ul><li>Is it possible? Then it is a 1st conditional </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. If it rains, I will take my umbrella. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it improbable/imaginary? Then it is a 2nd conditional </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. If I lived in Tokyo, I would eat sushi every day </li></ul><ul><li>Is it impossible (past)? Then it is a 3rd conditional. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. If he had invited me to the party, I would have bought him a very nice present </li></ul>

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