Conditionals

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Conditionals

  1. 1. CONDITIONALS IF...
  2. 2. TYPE 1 Probable <ul><li>IF + PRESENT SIMPLE ... WILL/WON’T + VERB </li></ul><ul><li>If he wakes up early, we will go for a walk </li></ul>
  3. 3. First conditionals and future time clauses <ul><li>In the main clause the verb form is usually will + INF, but we can also use may, might, can, could, shall, should, ought to, have to, or an imperative , depending on the meaning. </li></ul><ul><li> If you have a birthday party, you might get loads of cool presents. </li></ul><ul><li> If you decide to have a birthday party, tell me. </li></ul><ul><li>Future time clauses (begining with when, as soon as, etc.) are followed by a present tense although they actually refer to the future. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Until he arrives , I will read a book. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They will make a cake before they go . </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. TYPE 2 Imaginary situations in the present/future <ul><li>IF + PAST SIMPLE ... WOULD/WOULDN’T + VERB </li></ul><ul><li>If he woke up early, we would go for a walk </li></ul>
  5. 5. Special rules for second conditionals <ul><li>If he/she/it was … or If he/she/it were … </li></ul><ul><li>We can use could or might in the main clause instead of would , to mean would perhaps . </li></ul><ul><li>If I really needed the money, I might keep it. </li></ul><ul><li>ADVICE : </li></ul><ul><li>If I were / was you, I would think very carefully about my future. </li></ul>
  6. 6. TYPE 3 Imaginary situations in the past <ul><li>IF + PAST PERFECT ... WOULD + HAVE + VERB </li></ul><ul><li>If he had woken up early, we would have gone for a walk. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Special rules for third conditionals <ul><li>We can use could , might or should in the main clause to mean would perhaps . </li></ul><ul><li>If I had done some revision, I might / could / should have passed the exam. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Alternatives for IF <ul><li>Unless = if not </li></ul><ul><li>Unless we finish soon, we will miss the train. </li></ul><ul><li>If we don’t finish soon, we will miss the train. </li></ul><ul><li>Provided / Providing, As long as = only if (this happens) </li></ul><ul><li>He can come with us, provided he pays for his own meals. </li></ul><ul><li>As long as you can come by six, I'll be here. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Assuming = accepting that something is true </li></ul><ul><li>Assuming your calculations are correct, we should travel northeast. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine, Suppose / supposing (Alternatives for IF in questions) </li></ul><ul><li>Look, suppose you lost your job tomorrow, what would you do? </li></ul>
  10. 10. EXERCISE <ul><li>Finish the following sentences </li></ul><ul><li>People would be surprised if... </li></ul><ul><li>If I didn’t have a TV... </li></ul><ul><li>If I hadn’t lost my passport... </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t have met my wife if… </li></ul><ul><li>If we had been born in Australia... </li></ul>

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