1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals

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1st, 2nd and 3rd conditionals

  1. 1. 1st Conditional Miquel and Edu
  2. 2. Structure If + present simple / will+ infinitive ( if clause ) ( main clause ) Will + infinitive / if + present simple
  3. 3. Use We use 1st Conditional to talk about possible and probable situations in the future and their consequences.
  4. 4. Examples ( Affirmative ) If he phones I will tell him the news ( Negative ) If we don't do the exam we will fail ( Interrogative ) Will you sing if I sing too?
  5. 5. 1st conditional Júlia Buch i Fiona Ortega
  6. 6. When do we use it? We use the first conditional when we speak about situations that are probable.
  7. 7. Structure IF + PRESENT SIMPLE WILL + INF. MAIN CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSEIF CLAUSEIF CLAUSEIF CLAUSEIF CLAUSE
  8. 8. Examples If it rains I will take the bus. If he phones I will tell him the truth. If you don't study you will fail the exam.
  9. 9. Exercices 1st Conditional Max U. and Pol V.
  10. 10. Exercise 1 Select the correct answer
  11. 11. "If I win the lottery... a) I would buy a car" b) I have bought a car" c) I will buy a car" d) I do will buy a car"
  12. 12. "If I win the lottery... a) I would buy a car" b) I have bought a car" c) I will buy a car" d) I do will buy a car"
  13. 13. "I will be happy... a) if I win my football match" b) if I would win my football match" c) if I have will won my football match" d) if I will win my football match"
  14. 14. "I will be happy... a) if I win my football match" b) if I would win my football match" c) if I have will won my football match" d) if I will win my football match"
  15. 15. "What will you do... a) if you will get a 10 in an exam?" b) if you would get a 10 in an exam?" c) if you have got a 10 in an exam?" d) if you get a 10 in an exam?"
  16. 16. "What will you do... a) if you will get a 10 in an exam?" b) if you would get a 10 in an exam?" c) if you have got a 10 in an exam?" d) if you get a 10 in an exam?"
  17. 17. Exercise 2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs
  18. 18. 1 If I ............. (pass) my exam, I ............. (be) very happy.
  19. 19. 1 If I pass (pass) my exam, I will be (be) very happy.
  20. 20. 2 I ............ (not go) to the cinema unless I ............... (finish) my homework.
  21. 21. 2 I won't go (not go) to the cinema unless I finish (finish) my homework.
  22. 22. 3 If she ............ (say) she doesn't love him, he ................. (feel) really sad.
  23. 23. 3 If she says (say) she doesn't love him, he will feel (feel) really sad.
  24. 24. 4 What ........... you ......... (buy) if your parents .............. (give) you 50€?
  25. 25. 4 What will you buy (buy) if your parents give (give) you that 50€?
  26. 26. Exercise Match the two parts of the sentence
  27. 27. Match: I will be very happy If I get the job Unless I forget it at home I will make some cookies We won't win the game I will give my composition to the teacher if I have enough sugar unless we score another goal my mother will congratulate me if I pass my exam
  28. 28. Match: I will be very happy If I get the job Unless I forget it at home I will make some cookies We won't win the game I will give my composition to the teacher if I have enough sugar unless we score another goal my mother will congratulate me if I pass my exam
  29. 29. Exercises of 1st Angela Roman and Mireia Riu
  30. 30. 1st exercise 1. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs: A. If I ________(fail) the exam I ____________(take) it again. B. My parents____________(be) really angry if they _______(see) my bedroom. C. She _____________(pass) the exam if she ____________(study) D. If we _______ (take) the bus we ________________(arrive) at home at 7 o'clock E. What_______ you _______ (do) if the weather _________(be) nice this weekend Fail Will take Will beSe e Is DoWill Take Will pass Will arrive Studies
  31. 31. F. I ______________(not tell) you my secret if you ________________(not come) to Mark's party with me G. If pollution _____________ (increase) more plants and animals ____________ (die) H. If you ________(phone) a friend tonight, what ________ you ________ (talk) about? I. If she doen't __________ (put on) a jacket, she ________________ (catch) a cold. J. Students ______________ (work) in the library if they ________ (scream) Will Talk Phone Will die Will catch Increases Don't come Won't tell Scream Won't work Put on
  32. 32. 2nd Conditional Aleix Real and Marc Salvatella
  33. 33. Use It expresses something that is really improbable or impossible. Example: If I were you, I wouldn't go there.
  34. 34. Basic Structure Consists on an if clause and a main clause. Example: IF we didn't have the internet (if clause), life WOULD be really boring (main clause).
  35. 35. Advanced structure If clause: If + Subject + Verb in past simple + Rest Main clause: Subject + Would + Verb in infinitive + Rest
  36. 36. Examples Affirmative: If I were the president, I would change the law. Negative: If I went to Paris, I wouldn't go to shop. Interrogative: Would I go to Sagrada Familia if I went to Barcelona?
  37. 37. 2nd CONDITIONAL Bronte Plana & Berta Comabella
  38. 38. USE: We use the second conditional to talk about unreal or imagined situations in the present or future
  39. 39. STRUCTURE: MAIN CLAUSEIF CLAUSE If + Past simple Would/Wouldn't + Infinitive
  40. 40. EXAMPLES: If I were older, I would live in my own flat. If I were you, I would buy that dress. If I won the lottery I would buy a big house. If I were the president of the United States of America I would change the law.
  41. 41. EXERCISES, 2nd conditional By: Martina Sellarès, Olivia Dove
  42. 42. 1. Mark the correct word
  43. 43. If we HAD/WOULD HAVE a bigger house, I HAD/ 'D HAVE my own bedroom. If we HAD/WOULD HAVE a bigger house, I HAD/ 'D HAVE my own bedroom.
  44. 44. If I HAD/ 'D HAVE more money, I WENT/'D GO and visit my uncle in America. If I HAD/ 'D HAVE more money, I WENT/'D GO and visit my uncle in America.
  45. 45. If we DIDN'T/ WOULDN'T have a dog our house SMELLED/WOULD SMELL better. If we DIDN'T/ WOULDN'T have a dog our house SMELLED/WOULD SMELL better.
  46. 46. I LIKED/ WOULD LIKE our town more if there WERE/ WOULD BE more places for teenagers. I LIKED/ WOULD LIKE our town more if there WERE/ WOULD BE more places for teenagers.
  47. 47. I BOUGHT/ WOULD BUY a DVD player if they WEREN'T/ WOULDN'T BE so expensive. I BOUGHT/ WOULD BUY a DVD player if they WEREN'T/ WOULDN'T BE so expensive.
  48. 48. 2. Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
  49. 49. If I _______ (be) older, I _______ (leave) school. If my brother _______ (leave) home I ________ (have) his bedroom. If I _____ (know) the answers, I _______ (tell) you! WERE 'D leave WOULD HAVE LEFT WOULD TELL KNEW
  50. 50. Your parents ________ (be) angry if they ________ (know) what you've done. If we _______ (not have) a TV, _______ you ______ (read) more books? WOULD BE KNEW DIDN'T HAVE WOUL D READ
  51. 51. Exercises Maria Franquesa and Emma Autó
  52. 52. Complete: If I ____ (know) his number I _____ ____ (give) him a call If we ___ (have) enough money we _____ ______ (travel)
  53. 53. Complete: If I knew his number I would give him a call If we had enough money we would travel
  54. 54. Match the sentences She would do it I wouldn't do that If we lived in the country We would need a second car If she could If I were you
  55. 55. Match the sentences She would do it I wouldn't do that If we lived in the country We would need a second car If she could If I were you
  56. 56. Choose the correct answer I If my grandfather were younger, he wouldn't forget/didn't forget so many things If I would have/had more money, I would buy a new car
  57. 57. Choose the correct answer If my grandfather were younger, he wouldn't forget so many things If I had more money, I would buy a new car
  58. 58. Choose the correct answer II If his nose were smaller, he would be/was very handsome I would come if I had/would have a car
  59. 59. Choose the correct answer II If his nose were smaller, he would be very handsome I would come if I had a car
  60. 60. Choose the correct form of the verb A. Can talk B. Could talk C. Will talk D. Talk - We would learn a lot from dolphins if they ______
  61. 61. Choose the correct form of the verb A. Can talk B. Could talk C. Will talk D. Talk - We would learn a lot from dolphins if they ______
  62. 62. Choose the correct form of the verb A. Look B. Would look C. Will look D. Looks - If her hair were black, she _____ completely differently
  63. 63. Choose the correct form of the verb A. Look B. Would look C. Will look D. Looks - If her hair were black, she _____ completely differently
  64. 64. By: Iago, Helena & Berta
  65. 65. If +subject +had + past participle Subject + would have + past participle Structure IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE
  66. 66. Structure If + subject + had + past participle / subject + would have + past participle
  67. 67. When do we use it? We use third conditional to talk about imagined situations in the past. No w Pas t
  68. 68. Examples If elephants had lived in the sea they would have known how to swim.
  69. 69. She would have been happy if she had won the competition.
  70. 70. If my mum had cooked a brownie I wouldn't have been hungry.
  71. 71. 3rd conditional Olivia Flo & Claudia Arrese
  72. 72. Use We use the third conditional to talk about impossible conditions. They are impossible because we can't change the past.
  73. 73. Structure If + past perfect / would + have + past participle If clause Main clause
  74. 74. Examples
  75. 75. 3rd conditional exercises Meritxell and Júlia Gras
  76. 76. A. Would pass If I had studied harder, I ................. my exam. B. Would have passed C. Will pass D. Would passed Choose the correct answr
  77. 77. If you............to the party, you would have seen me. A. Went C. Had gone B. Have gone D. Go
  78. 78. A. Will not have If she had listened to me, she ..................... problems C. Would no have D. Would not have had B. Would not had
  79. 79. A. Should buy I ................. milk at the store last night C. Should have bought B. Should bought D. Should have buy
  80. 80. A. Has If he .................. the opportunity, he could have gone D. Had had C. Have had B. Had
  81. 81. He crashed his car, because he fell asleep while driving. If he .......................... asleep while driving, he ............................................... his car. We couldn't go to the concert, because we didn't have enough money. If we .......................... enough money, we .................................. to the concert. I lost my job because I was late for work. I ......................................... my job if I .......................... late for work. The wind was so strong that the bridge collapsed. If the wind .......................... so strong, the bridge ................................................. . I couldn't call Sally because I had lost her number. I .......................................... Sally if I .......................... her number. In this exercise, you will practice forming the third conditional. Based on the example sentence, complete the third conditional sentence by filling in the spaces. hadn't fallen wouldn't have crashed had had could have gone hadn't been wouldn't have lost could have called hadn't been hadn't lost wouldn't have collapsed
  82. 82. Activities Alba Hernandez & Mariona Urgell
  83. 83. Complete the sentences using the correct form of the verbs in brackets: If I had seen Mary I _____________________(tell) her. would have told If I had won the lottery I _______________ (buy) a car.would have bought If they had not passed their exam their teacher ______________ (be) sad. would have been
  84. 84. Would you ____________ (go) to Paris If you and Sarah were still together? have gone If it hadn't rained yesterday would you still ____________ (stay) at home? have stayed If you ___________ (invite) John what would you have done? had invited If you had asked me I would ____________ (say) no.have said
  85. 85. If I ____________ (eat) so much, I wouldn't have felt sick. Hadn't eaten He _________________ (be) tired if he had gone to bed earlier. I _____________ (have) finished my homework earlier if I ___________ (get) distracted. If you ____________ (study) you would ______________ (pass) the test. wouldn't have been Would have Had studied Have passed Hadn't got
  86. 86. Write 3rd conditional sentences You / do / well / if / you / study _____________________________ _______________ . You would have done well if you had studied You / not /get / sick / if / you / had / eat / more / vegetables. __________________________________________ ___________________ . You wouldn't have gotten sick if you had eaten more vegetables
  87. 87. You / go / to / concert / if / I / sick? _______________________________Would you have gone to the concert _____________________________.if I had been sick? I/ not / win / if / it / not / for / you _________________________________________ _________ . I wouldn't have won if it weren't for of you I/ not /take/ bus/ if / I / had/ car ___________________________________________ __ . I would not have taken the bus if I'd had a car
  88. 88. Complete the text using the verbs in the box. Put them in the correct form of the 3rd conditional. I'm a good swimmer and I entered a junior swimming competition. The morning of the competition I got up late because I forgot to set my alarm clock. remember, get, get up, have, forget
  89. 89. If I ______________ to set my alarm clock I wouldn't _____________ up late. Had remembered I rushed out of the house. When I got there I realized that I had forgotten my gym bag, so that meant that I didn't have a swimsuit! So I had to swim in my clothes. Have got If _______________ late and rushed out of the house I ______________ there early, and I _____________ to swim in my clothes. I hadn't got up have gotwould would't have had
  90. 90. My clothes were so heavy that I came in last. So if I ___________ up early, I ___________ left in a hurry and forgotten my swim suit. If I ____________ my swim suit I ___________ won. had got wouldn't have hadn't forgotten would have

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