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DISASTER VS HAZARD EVENT: DROUGHT Texas (2010): 0 people hungryEthiopia (2003): 20M people hungry
DISASTER VS HAZARD EVENT: INDUSTRIAL LEAK Three-Mile Island, USA (1979): no victimsBhopal, India (1984): 3,000-8,000 victims
SCALES USED TO MEASURE A HAZARD EVENT Suggest other factors which can be used to measure the intensity of a disaster
CAUSE AND IMPACT OF A DISASTER RESULTING FROM A NATURAL OR HUMAN-INDUCED HAZARDNATURALTôhoku, Japan (2011): M=9.0 during 6 min. (16,000 victims)List likely features for each phase:1. PRECONDITIONS• Phase 1: everyday life (decades prior)• Phase 2: incubation period (months prior)2. DISASTER EVENT• Phase 3: triggering of event (seconds)• Phase 4: Impact (minutes)• Phase 5: Secondary damages (hours/days)• Phase 6: Outside emergency aid (days, weeks)3. RECOVERY/RECONSTRUCTION• Phase 7: cleanup/relief camps (weeks, months)• Phase 8: reconstruction/restoration (years)HUMAN-INDUCED:List causes and consequences of the benzene river pollution in China(2005) which affected 4 million people in Northern China and EasternRussia (region of Harbin, Manchuria)See p.224-225