Uploaded on

 

More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
1,395
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. DISASTER VS HAZARD EVENT: EARTHQUAKES Haiti (2010): 250,000 victimsSan Francisco (1989): 63 victims
  • 2. DISASTER VS HAZARD EVENT: TSUNAMIJapan (2011): 1,800 victims California (2011): 1 victim
  • 3. DISASTER VS HAZARD EVENT: TROPICAL CYCLONESCyclone Nargis, Burma (2008) (cat.4): 150,000 victims Hurricane Ivan, Caribbean-USA (2010) (cat.5): 100 victims
  • 4. DISASTER VS HAZARD EVENT: DROUGHT Texas (2010): 0 people hungryEthiopia (2003): 20M people hungry
  • 5. DISASTER VS HAZARD EVENT: INDUSTRIAL LEAK Three-Mile Island, USA (1979): no victimsBhopal, India (1984): 3,000-8,000 victims
  • 6. SCALES USED TO MEASURE A HAZARD EVENT Suggest other factors which can be used to measure the intensity of a disaster
  • 7. CAUSE AND IMPACT OF A DISASTER RESULTING FROM A NATURAL OR HUMAN-INDUCED HAZARDNATURALTôhoku, Japan (2011): M=9.0 during 6 min. (16,000 victims)List likely features for each phase:1. PRECONDITIONS• Phase 1: everyday life (decades prior)• Phase 2: incubation period (months prior)2. DISASTER EVENT• Phase 3: triggering of event (seconds)• Phase 4: Impact (minutes)• Phase 5: Secondary damages (hours/days)• Phase 6: Outside emergency aid (days, weeks)3. RECOVERY/RECONSTRUCTION• Phase 7: cleanup/relief camps (weeks, months)• Phase 8: reconstruction/restoration (years)HUMAN-INDUCED:List causes and consequences of the benzene river pollution in China(2005) which affected 4 million people in Northern China and EasternRussia (region of Harbin, Manchuria)See p.224-225
  • 8. DISASTERS CHANGES OVER SPACE/TIME