II. Urban land use

4,631 views

Published on

Published in: Art & Photos, Technology

II. Urban land use

  1. 1. Bid-Rent Theory Distance-Decay Principle PLVI: Peak Land Value Intersection1. Give examples of where the distance-decay principle could also apply2. Estimate the position of the PLVI in the SF Bay3. Give examples of smaller “peaks”, “ridges” and “valleys” in the SF Bay4. Using the bid-rent theory, explain where you would find the CBD, industry and middle-class residential neighborhoods5. Explain why there is a “density crater” around the city center on the diagram below © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 1
  2. 2. Burgess model To what extent does LA or SF fit this model?© 2011 Antoine Delaitre 2
  3. 3. Ullman-Harris Multiple nuclei modelTo what extent do most US cities fit the Hoyt model? To what extent does Los Angeles fit the multi- nuclei model? © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 3
  4. 4. COMMON URBAN MODELS 1. Give one example for each model 2. Suggest limitation of these models © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 4
  5. 5. Belfast (Northern Ireland, UK): the neighborhoods of Falls vs Shankill 1. Explain the segregation criteria for the examples shown 2. Suggest other criteria New York City: Greenwich Village vs the Bronx © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 5
  6. 6. Family life cycle Quality of lifeExplain the phases of the “family life” cycle in a city © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 6
  7. 7. White Asian (Chinese) African-Am. Latino African-Am.Mixed (Asian/White) Asian (Philipino)1. Identify the criteria for urban segregation on both maps2. Name one homogeneous and one heterogeneous neighborhood in San Francisco3. Explain the process of “positive” segregation (Mission) vs “negative” segregation (Noe Valley) © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 7
  8. 8. Crimes reported in Nov 2010Perceived security/insecurity1. What can you conclude from comparing the two maps?2. Name other measures of urban deprivation: • “Physical” indicators • Social indicators • Economic indicators • Political indicators © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 8
  9. 9. © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 9
  10. 10. © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 10
  11. 11. Slum Dwellers (World, 2005) Slum Dwellers (1990-2007) Caracas (Venezuela) Dhaka (Bengladesh) © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 11
  12. 12. Shantytown in Mumbai (India)City of the Dead in Cairo (Egypt) Favela da Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) Identify characteristics of slum: • Tenure • Services • Constructions • Population density • Type of economy © 2011 Antoine Delaitre • etc 12
  13. 13. Stage 1: “invasion” Stage 2: “Consolidation”Stage 3: “Upgrading” Stage 4: “Assimilation” © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 13
  14. 14. URBAN SEGREGATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: RIO DE JANEIROVegetation Recent slums Poor migrants Lack of basic services Older slums upgrading process Luxury housing Some services High end amenities Middle/Upper class housing Beach © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 14
  15. 15. San Francisco Zoning Map (www.sf-planning.org) © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 15
  16. 16. San Francisco CBD zoning © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 16
  17. 17. © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 17
  18. 18. Key URBAN LAND USE: Mostly residential (middle/upper class) MANHATTAN Parks Financial District Shops, nightlife, boutique hotels Luxury shops, high-end hotels Theaters & art galleries Cultural landmarks / Museums United Nations Port of New York Grand Airports Central La Guardia Train Station Cruise Terminal Metro link Ferry link JFKNewark Statue of Liberty Ellis Island © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 18
  19. 19. URBAN LAND USE:Key SAN FRANCISCO BAY Walnut CreekOcean/Bay VallejoProtected areasUrbanized areas San RafaelUniversitiesCBDs DublinHi-Tech districtAirportsCruise terminalCommercial harborsHighways San FranciscoBridgesUrban sprawl“Edge cities” San Jose © 2011 Antoine Delaitre 19

×