IV. Gender and change

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IV. Gender and change

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  3. 3. GGI (Gender Gap Index) is measured by the World Economic Forum since 2005. The higher the %, the better the gender gap is closed, and is measured using: 1. Economic participation and opportunity – outcomes on salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment 2. Educational attainment – outcomes on access to basic and higher level education 3. Political empowerment – Yemen outcomes on representation in decision-making structures 4. Health and survival – outcomesSouth Africa on life expectancy and sex ratio Top countries (> 75% gap closed): Northern Europe, New Zealand, Philippines, South Africa Low countries (<50%): Mali, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Turkey, Egypt 3
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  5. 5. Gender Gap Index (GGI): 0 (total inequality) to 100% (total equality) 5
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  7. 7. GEM (Gender Empowerment Measure) is more precise than GDI and measures gender inequality in key areas such as political participation (%of seats in parliament), economic participation (% of legislators, senior managers, technical fields, etc) and female income. 7
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