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<ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War  II. The Spread of Democracy  III. The Great Powers and New Disputes  IV. The United St...
<ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>disintegration </li></ul><ul><li>invasion of Afghanistan...
<ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>C. Dismantling the Soviet Empire </li></ul>Post Soviet Union Russia, ...
<ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>C. Dismantling the Soviet Empire Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Sov...
<ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War D. Renewed Turmoil in the 1990s Gorbachev </li></ul><ul><li>coup, 1991 </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>II. The Spread of Democracy Spain, Portugal, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>democracies </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America ...
<ul><li>II. The Spread of Democracy Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>end of authoritarian government </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia,...
<ul><li>II. The Spread of Democracy A. Democracy and its Limits China, North Korea, parts of Middle East,  central Asia </...
<ul><li>III. The Great Powers and New Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Former Soviet Union Ethnic conflict </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>III. The Great Powers and New Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>B. Endemic Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq and Iran </li...
<ul><li>IV. The United States as Sole Superpower European Union </li></ul><ul><li>George W. Bush </li></ul><ul><li>A. Anti...
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36. The End of the Cold War

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Transcript of "36. The End of the Cold War"

  1. 2. <ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War II. The Spread of Democracy III. The Great Powers and New Disputes IV. The United States as Sole Superpower </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>disintegration </li></ul><ul><li>invasion of Afghanistan, 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Explosion of the 1980s and 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Forced industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>environmental problems </li></ul><ul><li>infant mortality up </li></ul><ul><li>disease </li></ul><ul><li>B. The Age of Reform Mikhail Gorbachev </li></ul><ul><li>reforms, 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>nuclear reduction </li></ul><ul><li>missiles limited </li></ul><ul><li>withdraws from Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>glasnost </li></ul><ul><li>perestroika </li></ul><ul><li>foreign investment encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>military spending down </li></ul><ul><li>new constitution, 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>re-elected, 1990 </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>C. Dismantling the Soviet Empire </li></ul>Post Soviet Union Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia
  4. 5. <ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>C. Dismantling the Soviet Empire Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet troops out </li></ul><ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul><ul><li>free elections, 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Hungary, Poland </li></ul><ul><li>new governments, 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>new government, 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>East Germany </li></ul><ul><li>communist leaders out, 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Berlin Wall falls, 1991 Bulgaria, Romania </li></ul><ul><li>communists keep some power </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic struggles </li></ul><ul><li>Yugoslavia breaks apart </li></ul>Post Soviet Union Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia
  5. 6. <ul><li>I. The End of the Cold War D. Renewed Turmoil in the 1990s Gorbachev </li></ul><ul><li>coup, 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union dissolved by late 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>resigns </li></ul><ul><li>Boris Yeltsin </li></ul><ul><li>succeeds Gorbachev </li></ul><ul><li>succeeded by Vladimir Putin </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>II. The Spread of Democracy Spain, Portugal, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>democracies </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America </li></ul><ul><li>all but Cuba by 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>non-PRI president </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea, Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>democracy expanded </li></ul><ul><li>Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>new government </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>apartheid ended </li></ul><ul><li>Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>democratic government, 1999 </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>II. The Spread of Democracy Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>end of authoritarian government </li></ul><ul><li>Georgia, Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>democratic elections </li></ul><ul><li>Uzbekistan </li></ul><ul><li>democratization suppressed Saudi Arabia </li></ul><ul><li>local elections </li></ul><ul><li>Kuwait </li></ul><ul><li>women vote </li></ul><ul><li>Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>local elections </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>opposition repressed </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>II. The Spread of Democracy A. Democracy and its Limits China, North Korea, parts of Middle East, central Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>demonstrations, 1989, suppressed </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>III. The Great Powers and New Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Former Soviet Union Ethnic conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Chechnya </li></ul><ul><li>Armenia, Azerbaijan </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia splits </li></ul><ul><li>Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>Orthodox Serbs </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Croats </li></ul><ul><li>Serbs </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Bosnians </li></ul><ul><li>Slovenia, Croatia </li></ul><ul><li>independent, 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Serbs attack Croats, Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>NATO intervenes </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnia-Herzegovina recognized </li></ul><ul><li>Kosovo </li></ul><ul><li>NATO involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Serbia, Montenegro </li></ul><ul><li>replace Yugoslovia </li></ul>The Implosion of Yugoslavia, 1991-1999
  10. 11. <ul><li>III. The Great Powers and New Disputes </li></ul><ul><li>B. Endemic Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq and Iran </li></ul><ul><li>conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Saddam Hussein </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq invades Kuwati, 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Persian Gulf War, 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Palestine and Israel </li></ul><ul><li>India and Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Kashmir </li></ul><ul><li>C. Ethnic and Other Conflicts: A New Surge Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>peaceful division </li></ul><ul><li>Czech Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Chechnya </li></ul><ul><li>independence, 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan, Sierra Leone, Liberia </li></ul><ul><li>Rwanda </li></ul><ul><li>Hutu-Tutsi rivalry </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>IV. The United States as Sole Superpower European Union </li></ul><ul><li>George W. Bush </li></ul><ul><li>A. Anti-American Terrorism and Response September 11, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;War on Terror&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan Iraq </li></ul>
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