36. The End of the Cold War

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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • I. The End of the Cold War II. The Spread of Democracy III. The Great Powers and New Disputes IV. The United States as Sole Superpower
  • 3.
    • I. The End of the Cold War Soviet Union
    • disintegration
    • invasion of Afghanistan, 1979
    • A. The Explosion of the 1980s and 1990s
    • Forced industrialization
    • environmental problems
    • infant mortality up
    • disease
    • B. The Age of Reform Mikhail Gorbachev
    • reforms, 1985
    • nuclear reduction
    • missiles limited
    • withdraws from Afghanistan
    • glasnost
    • perestroika
    • foreign investment encouraged
    • military spending down
    • new constitution, 1988
    • re-elected, 1990
  • 4.
    • I. The End of the Cold War
    • C. Dismantling the Soviet Empire
    Post Soviet Union Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia
  • 5.
    • I. The End of the Cold War
    • C. Dismantling the Soviet Empire Eastern Europe
    • Soviet troops out
    • Bulgaria
    • free elections, 1989
    • Hungary, Poland
    • new governments, 1988
    • Czechoslovakia
    • new government, 1989
    • East Germany
    • communist leaders out, 1989
    • Berlin Wall falls, 1991 Bulgaria, Romania
    • communists keep some power
    • Ethnic struggles
    • Yugoslavia breaks apart
    Post Soviet Union Russia, Eastern Europe and Central Asia
  • 6.
    • I. The End of the Cold War D. Renewed Turmoil in the 1990s Gorbachev
    • coup, 1991
    • Soviet Union dissolved by late 1991
    • resigns
    • Boris Yeltsin
    • succeeds Gorbachev
    • succeeded by Vladimir Putin
  • 7.
    • II. The Spread of Democracy Spain, Portugal, Greece
    • democracies
    • Latin America
    • all but Cuba by 2000
    • Mexico
    • non-PRI president
    • South Korea, Taiwan
    • democracy expanded
    • Philippines
    • new government
    • South Africa
    • apartheid ended
    • Nigeria
    • democratic government, 1999
  • 8.
    • II. The Spread of Democracy Indonesia
    • end of authoritarian government
    • Georgia, Ukraine
    • democratic elections
    • Uzbekistan
    • democratization suppressed Saudi Arabia
    • local elections
    • Kuwait
    • women vote
    • Palestine
    • local elections
    • Egypt
    • opposition repressed
  • 9.
    • II. The Spread of Democracy A. Democracy and its Limits China, North Korea, parts of Middle East, central Asia
    • Beijing
    • demonstrations, 1989, suppressed
  • 10.
    • III. The Great Powers and New Disputes
    • A. The Former Soviet Union Ethnic conflict
    • Chechnya
    • Armenia, Azerbaijan
    • Czechoslovakia splits
    • Yugoslavia
    • Orthodox Serbs
    • Catholic Croats
    • Serbs
    • Muslim Bosnians
    • Slovenia, Croatia
    • independent, 1991
    • Serbs attack Croats, Muslims
    • NATO intervenes
    • Bosnia-Herzegovina recognized
    • Kosovo
    • NATO involvement
    • Serbia, Montenegro
    • replace Yugoslovia
    The Implosion of Yugoslavia, 1991-1999
  • 11.
    • III. The Great Powers and New Disputes
    • B. Endemic Conflicts
    • Iraq and Iran
    • conflict
    • Saddam Hussein
    • Iraq invades Kuwati, 1990
    • Persian Gulf War, 1991
    • Palestine and Israel
    • India and Pakistan
    • Kashmir
    • C. Ethnic and Other Conflicts: A New Surge Czechoslovakia
    • peaceful division
    • Czech Republic
    • Slovakia
    • Chechnya
    • independence, 1990
    • Sudan, Sierra Leone, Liberia
    • Rwanda
    • Hutu-Tutsi rivalry
  • 12.
    • IV. The United States as Sole Superpower European Union
    • George W. Bush
    • A. Anti-American Terrorism and Response September 11, 2001
    • "War on Terror"
    • Afghanistan Iraq