<ul><li>I. Upheavals in Eastern and Southern Asia II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire III. The Development and Sp...
<ul><li>I. Upheavals in Eastern and Southern Asia </li></ul><ul><li>A. Decline and Fall in Han China </li></ul><ul><li>Han...
<ul><li>I. Upheavals in Eastern and Southern Asia </li></ul><ul><li>B. The End of the Guptas: Decline in India </li></ul><...
<ul><li>II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Causes of Roman Decline </li></ul><ul><li>De...
<ul><li>II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>B. The Process of Roman Decline </li></ul><ul><li>G...
<ul><li>II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>C. Results of the Fall of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Me...
<ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>A. Christianity and Buddhism Compared </li></...
<ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>B. Early Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Jewis...
<ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>C. Christianity Gains Ground </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>D. The New Religious Map </li></ul><ul><li>E....
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End of the Classical Era

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End of the Classical Era

  1. 2. <ul><li>I. Upheavals in Eastern and Southern Asia II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>I. Upheavals in Eastern and Southern Asia </li></ul><ul><li>A. Decline and Fall in Han China </li></ul><ul><li>Han recover in 1st century C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow Turbans </li></ul><ul><li>184 C.E. , revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Han falls in 220 </li></ul><ul><li>Three kingdoms emerge </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism attractive </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked by Daoists </li></ul><ul><li>Spreads through China by 400 </li></ul><ul><li>Modified by Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Influences Daoism </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism declines </li></ul><ul><li>Late 6th century </li></ul><ul><li>Sui dynasty reunites China </li></ul><ul><li>Tang </li></ul><ul><li>Succeed, 618 </li></ul>Asia, c. 600 C.E .
  3. 4. <ul><li>I. Upheavals in Eastern and Southern Asia </li></ul><ul><li>B. The End of the Guptas: Decline in India </li></ul><ul><li>Chandragupta II </li></ul><ul><li>Height of Gupta dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Huns </li></ul><ul><li>Invade in 5th century </li></ul><ul><li>Control northwest by 500 </li></ul><ul><li>Gupta dynasty loses power, 550 </li></ul><ul><li>Harsha </li></ul><ul><li>Later Gupta </li></ul><ul><li>Rules smaller state briefly </li></ul><ul><li>Rajput </li></ul><ul><li>Follow Harsha's rule </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism displaced by Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Devi - mother god </li></ul><ul><li>Caste system stronger </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim invaders </li></ul><ul><li>7th century </li></ul><ul><li>Control Indian Ocean by 700 </li></ul>Indian Ocean Trading Routes in the Classical Period
  4. 5. <ul><li>II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Causes of Roman Decline </li></ul><ul><li>Decline from late 2nd century C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Population declining </li></ul><ul><li> Army recruitment difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Conquest ceases </li></ul><ul><li>Source of slavery ended </li></ul><ul><li>Tax revenues less </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional crises </li></ul><ul><li>Plagues </li></ul><ul><li>Former ruling class devoted to leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Germanic peoples recruited </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>B. The Process of Roman Decline </li></ul><ul><li>Great estates grow </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of small farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Diocletian (284-305) </li></ul><ul><li>Reorganization </li></ul><ul><li>Economic control </li></ul><ul><li>Increased administration </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine (312-337) </li></ul><ul><li>Capital at Constantinople </li></ul><ul><li>Converts to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Romulus Augustulus </li></ul><ul><li>Last western Roman emperor </li></ul><ul><li>Deposed, 476 </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>II. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>C. Results of the Fall of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean unity ended </li></ul><ul><li>Three zones created </li></ul><ul><li>Byzantine Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest continuity </li></ul><ul><li>North Africa, southern Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Substantial disruption </li></ul><ul><li>Regional kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim and Christian </li></ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Germanic kingdoms emerge </li></ul><ul><li>Civilization declines </li></ul><ul><li>Christian unity </li></ul>Germanic Kingdoms After the Invasions
  7. 8. <ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>A. Christianity and Buddhism Compared </li></ul><ul><li>Commonalities: </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Monastic movements </li></ul><ul><li>Afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>Mahayana </li></ul><ul><li>Savior of Chinese Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Bodhisattvas and priests </li></ul><ul><li>Differences: </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy, church </li></ul><ul><li>Missionizing </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive truth </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>B. Early Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish reform movement </li></ul><ul><li>Tenets </li></ul><ul><li>One loving god </li></ul><ul><li>Christ's sacrifice won afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>Paul of Tarsus </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumental in forming Christian religion </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>C. Christianity Gains Ground </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. 10% of empire by 300 </li></ul><ul><li>Constantine converts, legalizes Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>West </li></ul><ul><li>Bishops important </li></ul><ul><li>Church inherits secular structure </li></ul><ul><li>Doctrinal disputes </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Nicaea, 325 </li></ul><ul><li>Leo I </li></ul><ul><li>First powerful pope </li></ul><ul><li>Augustine </li></ul><ul><li>Philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Important in forming Christian theology </li></ul><ul><li>Monasticism </li></ul><ul><li>Important in preservation of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Benedict of Nursia </li></ul><ul><li>Benedictine Rule, 6th century </li></ul><ul><li>Basil </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes Orthodox monasticism </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>III. The Development and Spread of World Religions </li></ul><ul><li>D. The New Religious Map </li></ul><ul><li>E. In the Wake of Decline and Fall </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Political cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally unified </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Most affected </li></ul><ul><li>Least continuity </li></ul>

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