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Public ag research in bangladesh india nepal   asti - apaari
 

Public ag research in bangladesh india nepal asti - apaari

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    Public ag research in bangladesh india nepal   asti - apaari Public ag research in bangladesh india nepal asti - apaari Presentation Transcript

    • PUBLIC AGRICULTURAL R&D IN BANGLADESH, INDIA, NEPALRecent trends in investments, human capacity, andinstitutional landscapeNienke BeintemaASTI program head | International Food Policy Research Institute Presentation at the APAARI-IFPRI AR4D synthesis meeting New Delhi | 4 July 2012
    • Institutional landscape • Highly complex: government, higher education, nonprofit, private, and international research agencies • A large degree of variation exists in terms of size (167 in India; 54 in Bangladesh; 8 in Nepal) • All three countries have national agricultural research councils (ARCs) that coordinate agricultural R&D, but role and scope of authority differ Bangladesh India Nepal 0.4% 9.1% 13.8% 15.6% 43.1% 56.9% 75.3% 85.9% Government Higher education Nonprofit
    • Public agricultural R&D spending and staffing 2009 Total spending Total researchers PPP Shares Number Shares Country dollars (%) (FTEs) (%) Bangladesh 126 5 2,081 15 India 2,276 94 11,217 82 Nepal 22 1 389 3 Total 2,425 100 13,686 100
    • Public agricultural R&D spending trends Bangladesh Million 2005 PPP dollars 160 40 Nepal Million 2005 PPP dollars 140 35 120 30 100 25 80 20 60 15 40 10 20 5 0 0 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 15 Bangladesh India Nepal Annual growth rate (%) Million 2005 PPP dollars 2500 10 2000 India 5 1500 0 1000 -5 500 -10 -15 0 1996-2001 2001-2005 2005-2009 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008
    • Public agricultural researcher trends Bangladesh Nepal 2100 450 Researchers (FTEs) Researchers (FTEs) 1800 360 1500 1200 270 900 180 600 90 300 0 0 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 4 Bangladesh India Nepal India Annual growth rate (%) 15000 3Researchers (FTEs) 12000 2 9000 1 6000 0 3000 -1 -2 0 1996-2001 2001-2005 2005-2009 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008
    • Intensity ratio trends 0.5Public agricultural R&D spending 0.4 as a % of AgGDP 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 Bangladesh India Nepal
    • Degree qualifications of researchers* 2009 100 Share of FTE researchers (%) 80 60 40 20 0 2003 2009 2003 2009 2003 2009 Bangladesh ICAR (India) Nepal PhD MSc BSc*Include staff holding official research positions
    • Age structure researchers 2009 Nepal
    • Commodity focus of researchers 2009 100 Share of FTE researchers (%) 80 60 40 20 0 Bangladesh India Nepal Crops Livestock Natural resources Fisheries Other
    • Focus of crop researchers 2009 Country Major crop items Rice (19%), fruits (12%), vegetables (9%), wheat (6%), Bangladesh potatoes (5%), sugarcane (5%) India Rice (15%), fruits (9%), vegetables (6%), wheat (6%) Vegetables (20%), rice (19%), wheat (12%), maize (9%), Nepal fruits (9%)*Excludes crop items with shares lower than 5%.
    • Main challenges/opportunities — Bangladesh• Complex institutional structure hampers BARC’s coordinating role• Volatile annual R&D spending levels• Historic dependence on World Bank support for agricultural R&D• Recent capacity erosion have left the country with a very large number of unfilled vacancies• Imminent retirement of senior researchers as a result of an early (59 years) retirement age• Very low proportion of female agricultural scientists
    • Main challenges/opportunities — India• Large R&D system with highly qualified staff• Strong agricultural education system• Rapidly increasing agricultural R&D spending levels• NAIP has stimulated ongoing reform in agricultural R&D, involving research organizations, farmers, the private sector, and other stakeholders• Weakening research capacity at SAUs and a fragmentation of SAUs along disciplinary lines
    • Main challenges/opportunities — Nepal• Lack of effective and efficient policy implementing bodies and instruments• Rapidly aging pool of highly qualified scientists and numerous vacant positions at NARC• Severe cut in donor funding resulting from unstable political situation led to increased government funding• Relatively important role of nonprofit sector in conducting agricultural R&D• Upcoming reforms at NARC as part of Strategic Vision for Agricultural Research (2011–2030)
    • THANK YOU