Global ag research spending crop world


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Global ag research spending crop world

  1. 1. Global agricultural R&D spending:Developing countries accelerate investmentNienke BeintemaASTI program head | International Food Policy Research InstituteCropWorld Global 2012 CongressLondon, UK | 6–7 November 2012
  2. 2. Background: the ASTI initiative • Collects national-level investment and human resource capacity data on agricultural R&D: – Focus on low- and middle-income countries (coverage close to 70) – Through institutional survey rounds (primary data) • Includes a large collaborative network of national, regional and international partners; facilitated by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) of the CGIAR Consortium • Provides: – Trends over time at country / regional levels; within countries – Comparisons across countries / regions; within countries
  3. 3. Developing countries drive public spending growth Following a period of declining growth, public agricultural R&D spending increased globally by 22 percent during 2000-2008 In billion 2005 PPP dollars 2000 2008
  4. 4. Also increased spending by the private sector Most private-sector R&D was undertaken by companies in OECD countries; evidence suggests significant growth in large middle-income countries such as China and India Private In billion 2005 PPP dollars Public 2008 total: $40.1 billion (2005 PPP dollars) 1994 2000 2008
  5. 5. And growth in international research spending After more than a decade of slow growth, R&D spending by the CGIAR Consortium has accelerated since 2006In billion dollars
  6. 6. Regional allocation of public spending, 2008 High government commitment to public agricultural R&D in Brazil, China, and India has resulted in continuous spending growth beyond 2008 Other middle income (98)In billion 2005 PPP dollars China India Brazil Note: dotted lines indicate preliminary estimates.
  7. 7. Investing in agricultural R&D pays off • Increased public investment, combined with key reforms, has increased agricultural productivity levels in Brazil and China relatively to the rest of the developing world Agricultural total factor productivity index (1970 = 100) Brazil China Low-and middle income South Asia Africa south of the Sahara
  8. 8. But world’s poorest countries lag behind During 2000–2008, spending levels in low-income countries were considerably more volatile as those of middle- and high-income countries
  9. 9. Main messages from new evidence • Globally agricultural R&D investments are no longer declining, but have in fact increased substantially since the turn of the millennium • Growth is driven by China, India, and a number of other larger more-advanced middle-income countries • Agricultural R&D spending in high-income countries are stagnating (and declining for one third of OECD countries) • More attention should be given to the poorest countries that have low, often declining or stagnating investment levels that are highly volatile
  10. 10. THANK YOU Please check for the globalassessment report, underlying data, and background information