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The early history of Dubai is not very well documented, archeological discoveries suggests that, as long as four thousand years ago, small fishing communities lived along the coast of the Arabian Gulf on the site of what we know today as Dubai.
Dubai's enormous constructions and developments in various industries through innovative real estate projects, sports events, shopping festivals and conferences has attracted world-wide attention for Dubai City, establishing it as the world's leading business hub.
Dubai has a rich cultural scene with art museums, film festivals (Dubai film festival) and performing arts centers, in addition to being a shopper's delight. Dubai is a city of excitement waiting to be explored holding the potential for one of the most significant international cities of the 21st century.
The earliest form of air conditioning, the wind tower, which was used to cool homes in the Gulf, can still be seen in the Bastakiya area, to the east of Al Fahidi Fort where many traditional courtyard houses can be found.
The Grand Mosque was only rebuilt in 1998 and boasts the city’s tallest minaret, at 70m (231ft). Located on the Bur Dubai side of the creek, near the Ruler’s Court, the Grand Mosque consists of nine large domes and 45 smaller ones. This huge religious edifice can house up to 1200 worshippers
For thousands of years, Italy has been at the forefront of modern culture. The birthplace of the Roman Empire and fountainhead of the Renaissance, Italy has retained a prominent spot atop the global radar since long before the time of Caesar.
Giuseppe Garibaldi formed the current kingdom of Italy in 1861, but the roots of Italian history date back to a largely undocumented tribe called the Etruscans.
The Tower of Pisa is the bell tower of the Cathedral. Its construction began in the august of 1173 and continued for about two hundred years, in full fidelity to the original project, whose architect is still uncertain.
Both because of its inclination, and its beauty, from 1173 up to the present the Tower has been the object of very special attention.
Located on the north side of Vatican City, a spiral ramp leads visitors inside the Vatican museum, a haphazard array of corridors and papal spaces.
Even though the Renaissance paintings garner much of the praise heaped on the museum, the Vatican library holds an impressive and enchanting collection of crumbling documents, medieval treaties and antique books.
The history of Italian opera is forever interweave with the aristocratic leaders of the time - the musical form was derived from courtly entertainment in palaces all over the world and originally conceived as a recreational activity performed for only the very wealth
Many Italian opera houses built during this time still exist today, and most of them still hold performances on a regular basis.
The running of the bulls in Pamplona Spain was first made famous in Ernest Hemingway’s novel The Sun Also Rises. Since then, tourists have flocked to the Basque town of Pamplona Spain every June to sing, dance, drink, and careen down the town’s cobbled streets with a herd of angry and confused bulls charging behind them during the running of the bulls Pamplona.
France is an independent nation in Western Europe and the center of a large overseas administration. It is the third-largest European nation (after Russia and Ukraine).
Since the 17th century, France has played a major role in European and world events.
In the 20th century, it has experienced numerous crises, including the devastation of two world wars, political and social upheavals, and the loss of a large empire in Indochina, Algeria, and West and Equatorial Africa
Disneyland Resort Paris, originally known as Euro Disney, is a theme park run by Euro Disney SCA, 39% of which is owned by The Walt Disney Company, in Marne-la-Vallée near Paris
The park also has its own train station where the TGV (named Thalys when coming from Brussels) stops and its own RER (commuter train) station, so when visiting Paris you can hop on the RER and stop right in the park.
A flea market or swap meet is a type of bazaar where inexpensive or secondhand goods are sold or bartered.
The origins of the term are disputed, but some have observed that buyers and sellers may be as active as fleas, or that the original people and goods were infested. According to Word and Phrase Origins, the term was derived from the "Vallie Market" of Manhattan.
Versailles used to be an unimportant village a few miles west of France until May 6, 1682 when King Louis XIV moved his court to the Palace of Versailles there. Versailles is now a very bourgeois suburb of Paris.
2 lit of spirits & 2 lit of wine (non-Muslims only)
A reasonable quantity of perfume
Prescribed drugs or over-the-counter medicines may be restricted, check prior to departure. Natural or cultured unstrung pearls except for personal use, firearms and ammunition, drugs. Wines, spirits & pork are restricted.
The Schengen Visa has made traveling between its 15 European member countries much easier and less bureaucratic. Traveling on a Schengen Visa means that the visa holder can travel to any (or all) member countries using one single visa, thus avoiding the hassle and expense of obtaining individual visas for each country. This is particularly beneficial for persons who wish to visit several European countries on the same trip. The Schengen visa is a “visitor visa”. It is issued to citizens of countries who are required to obtain a visa before entering Europe. The purpose of the visit must be leisure, tourism, or business. Upon the issuance of the visa, the visa holder is allowed to enter all member countries and travel freely throughout the Schengen area.
We have designed the package purely depending on personal interest of the client.
Another thing, that we have given priority to your safety and security. We have selected the countries keeping the political condition prevailing there in mind. So we make sure that you and your family is safe.
And we make sure that you get the best service through out your journey and you have a pleasant holiday.
The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) originate from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, IFTA and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation.
The Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a membership association acting as a catalyst for the responsible development of the Asia Pacific travel and tourism industry. In partnership with PATA’s private and public sector members, we enhance the sustainable growth, value and quality of travel and tourism to, from and within the region.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, created as a permanent body on April 4,1947 for codifying the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth.
Its headquarters are located in the Quartier International of Montreal, Canada.
The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommended practices concerning air navigation, prevention of unlawful interference, and facilitation of border-crossing procedures for international civil aviation.
In the year 1944 The Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviations developed.
The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel.
The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax.
The principal purpose of the Warsaw Convention is to determine the liability of air carriers in the case of an accident, both in regards to passengers and also baggage and cargo.
Originally signed in 1929 in Warsaw (hence the name), it was amended in 1955 at The Hague and in 1975 in Montreal. United States courts have held that, at least for some purposes, the Warsaw Convention is a different instrument from the Warsaw Convention as Amended by the Hague Protocol.
It deals with claimants which includes the liability of airlines death or injury to passengers and for loss, damage or delay to baggage and cargo in most international travel.
How IATA & UFTAA Play An Important Role In Travel Industry ?
International Air Transport Association (IATA).
Universal Federation of Travel Agent’s Association (UFTAA).
International Air Transport Association (IATA)
Air transport is one of the most dynamic industries in the world. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is its global trade organization.
Over 60 years, IATA has developed the commercial standards that built a global industry. Today, IATA’s mission is to represent, lead and serve the airline industry. Its members comprise some 230 airlines - the world’s leading passenger and cargo airlines among them - representing 93 percent of scheduled international air traffic.
IATA’s aim is to help airlines help themselves by simplifying processes and increasing passenger convenience while reducing costs and improving efficiency. The groundbreaking Simplifying the Business initiative is crucial in this area. Moreover, safety is IATA’s number one priority, and IATA’s goal is to continually improve safety standards, notably through IATA’s Operational Safety Audit (IOSA). Another main concern is to minimize the impact of air transport on environment
Universal Federation of Travel Agent’s Association (UFTAA)
The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organizations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognizing the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation.
UFTAA’s mission is to be an international forum where matters affecting the world travel industry are addressed, representing and defending the interests of incoming and outgoing tour operators, travel and tourism agencies before the governmental bodies, suppliers and other entities of international scope. It also aims at strengthening its members’ image and enhance the world travel and tourism industry and a sustainable tourism. - To comply with its mission, the Confederation develops the following functions : - To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents’ National Associations and to globally enhance the interests of their members ; - To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers ;
- To work towards the adoption of measures that will ease travel for the consumer and to offer services to its member federations ; - To be an investigation and information centre supporting the member Federations’ work and to offer information for technological development ; - To offer, as a voluntary mechanism, an arbitration service which assists in solving conflicts resulting from commercial relations for which amicable settlement cannot be reached ; - To organize a world congress of travel agents and other meetings necessary to the exchange and transmission of knowledge.
Why IATA Is Considered As One Of The Best Organizations?
IATA is an acronym for International Air Transportation Association, and is an organization which is self owned.
IATA identifies and develops operational solutions for all areas affecting aircrafts and airlines, either on ground or in flight.
Key Features of IATA’s are as follows :
Promote the global harmonization of aircraft equipment.
Identify and mitigate priority operational cost issues.
Identify reduction opportunities in fuel consumption.
For consumers , IATA simplifies the travel and shipping processes, while keeping costs down. Passengers can make one telephone call to reserve a ticket, pay in one currency and then use the ticket on several airlines in several countries.
IATA allows airlines to operate safely, securely, efficiently and economically under clearly defined rules.
IATA serves as an intermediary between airlines and passenger as well as cargo agents via neutrally applied agency service standards and centralized financial systems.
A large network of industry suppliers and service providers gathered by IATA provides solid expertise to airlines in a variety of industry solutions.
For governments, IATA seeks to ensure they are well informed about the complexities of the aviation industry to ensure better, long-term decisions
The Temple was built in 1420 A.D. during the Ming Dynasty to offer sacrifice to Heaven. As Chinese emperors called themselves 'The Son of Heaven' ,they dared not to build their own dwelling, 'Forbidden City' bigger than a dwelling for Heaven.
The Temple of Heaven is enclosed with a long wall. The northern part within the wall is semicircular symbolizing the heavens and the southern part is square symbolizing the earth.
The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire.
Stretching from Central Asia to Yellow sea, the wall’s total length is 6,400km
The Forbidden City is located at the center of Beijing. Rectangular shaped Forbidden City is the world's largest palace complex that covers the area of around of 74 hectares. It is also known as the Palace Museum or Gugong in the Chinese language.
The Terracotta Armyare the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huang the First Emperor of China.
The terracotta figures,were discovered in 1974 by several local farmers near Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China near the Mausouleum of the First Qin Emperor.
The figures include warriors, chariots, horses, officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians. Current estimates are that in the three pits containing the Terracotta Army there were over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which are still buried in the pits.
Tokyo Disneyland is a 115acre theme at the Tokyo Disney Resort located in Urayasu, Chiba, Japan, near Tokyo.
The park was constructed by Walt Disney.
There are seven themed areas, each complementing each other yet unique in their style. Made up of the World Bazaar, the four classic Disney lands: Adventureland,Westernland, Fantasyland and Tomorrowland, and two mini lands, Critter Country and Mickey's Toontown.
The Japanese Sword Museum collects and preserves 152 items, including swords such as the ones designated as National Treasures made by Nobuyoshi, Kuniyuki (Rai) and Kuniyuki (Taima), sword fittings, armor, and documents of metal working.
Usually, exhibitions such as the "Koto (old sword) and Shinto (new sword) Exhibition" are held and the works of famous swordsmiths from the Heian to Edo Periods (782-1867) are on display.
The Archives Room houses about 1,500 historical documents and archives on swords.
Singapore's Chinatown evolved around 1821 when the first Chinese junk arrived from Xiamen, Fujian province in China.
Chinatown’s local name - Niu Che Shui (Bullock Cart Water) arose from the fact each household at that time had to collect fresh water from the wells in Ann Siang Hill and Spring Street, using bullock-drawn carts.
The Al Abrar Mosque along Telok Ayer Street, and the Jamae Mosque and Sri Mariamman Temple along South Bridge Road lay witness to the harmonious racial and religious atmosphere in Singapore.
Chinatown can be divided into four main districts - Kreta Ayer, Telok Ayer, Tanjong Pagar and Bukit Pasoh - each with its own distinctive flavour. The heart of activity is in the Trengganu/Smith Streets area.
Arab Street is the centre of the Muslim community where it used to be the main selling place of Muslim men’s headgear (or songkok), the holy Quran, prayer mats and textiles.
Today, Arab Street is a designer’s dream locale! Glittery and lavish fashion items abound, like the finest lace, sparkling semi-precious stones, ostrich feathers, iron-on diamantes, gold thread, and wholesale bales of silk, organza and lame which dazzle in rainbow hues and intensities.
The world's first nighttime zoo safari takes you through 40 hectares of secondary jungle adjoining Singapore Zoo, enhanced by subtle moonglow lighting.
The mystery and drama of the tropical jungle comes alive after dusk, and you'll experience a thrilling sense of roaming through the jungle as you travel through the grounds by open tram.
You'll pass a large reservoir and weave through habitats specially designed to replicate the natural environment, from the Himalayan foothills to the Southeast Asian rainforest and Indian subcontinent.
Free import : - 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 225 grams of tobacco; - max. 1 litre of wine, spirits or malt liquor; - max. 100 matches; - max. 3 pieces of new wearing apparel; - one pair of new footwear; - one unit of each portable electrical or battery operated appliance for personal care and hygiene;
Free export of reasonable quantities of tobacco products and alcoholic beverages.
Radio transceivers and secure communication devices.
The national currency of China, with every traveler restricted to carrying a total of 6,000
Endangered species of fauna and flora (including their specimens) as well as their seeds and reproductive materials.
Counterfeit currency bills & fake securities.
Manuscripts, printed matters, films, photos, phonograph records, movies, audio tapes, video tapes, laser optic discs, computer memory media and other articles whose contents are related to State secrets of China.