Allah - Believe God Almighty is One, Unique, Unlike His Creation, Perfect in every way; Not like or in His Creation. Angels - Made from light, follow Allah's orders perfectly, never make mistakes and are never disobedient (devil is not a fallen angel in Islam). Books - Torah (Old Testament), Suhoof (Scriptures of prophets), Zabur (Psalms), Enjil (Evangel or New Testament), Quran (Recitation to Muhammad) Prophets - Adam, Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses, David, Solomon, Jesus, Muhammad, and others mentioned in Books, peace be upon them all. Resurrection – (day of judgment); All people, believers and disbelievers will be resurrected for Judgment Day in real flesh and blood bodies to be judged. Divine Destiny - Allah has complete control of all that happens, both good and evil and He has full knowledge of it all.
Actions ~ Pillars of Islam~ ( Muslims must practice these five things):
Shahadah ( The witness )
Salat( Prayer )
Charity( Zakat )
Shahada : Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad. There is none worthy of worship except God and Muhammad is the messenger of God." This declaration of faith is called the Shahadah, a simple formula that all the faithful pronounce”. Salat: Fajr (an hour before sunrise). Duhr ( just after high noon). Asr (Midafternoon). Maghrib(Just after sunset). Isha’a( an hour and a half after sunset). Before prayer can be preformed, the person must be ritually clean. This cleaning is called Wudu . It must be done if the person has gone to the bathroom, passed gas, vomited, or bled. A more thorough, full-body ablution ( ghusl ) is required after sexual contact, and is recommended before Friday prayers ( Jummu'a ) Fasting: the lunar month of Ramadan ; No food , no drink, no sexual intercourse (daylight). Zakat : Charity~ Zakat means both purification and growth. Each Muslim calculates his or her own. It is some sort of tax. Zakat is 2.5% of a Muslim's net worth or value of their holdings, not just his/her earnings
Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca: Anyone who is Muslim can perform the hajj, regardless of where they are from. Muslims must perform this pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime if affordable. Muslims arrive at the Port of Jeddah, and walk to Mecca. Nearing Mecca, Muslims change into a white cloth called an Ihram. This shows equality among themselves. Rich or poor, black or white, all stand side by side. They all pray to the House of Prayer
In Arabic language in order to attribute an action to a “ root” we add the prefix “ mu ”.
Walk ~ walk-er
Sali ~ mu-Sali
Adhan ~ mu-adhin
Islam ~ mu-slim
"Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets. I have come not to abolish but to fulfill.
Amen, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or the smallest part of a letter will pass from the law, until all things have taken place.
Therefore, whoever breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do so will be called least in the kingdom of heaven. But whoever obeys and teaches these commandments will be called greatest in the kingdom of heaven. 14
The definition of jihad is non-exhaustive and certainly not limited to holy war. jihad is to strive for islam and this can mean anything from a father providing for the daily needs of his family, to taking up arms to defend that family or indeed, islam (which means submission and peace). Regardless of the act, its main principle is that it must be done entirely in name of god, and for god. In the case of holy war (to defend peace), there are clear guidelines; for murder, rape and pillage - as was the means employed by the crusaders to spread christianity in ancient times - could not possibly reflect the way of god.
in the spread of islam, the prophet (pbuh) made it clear of some very strict rules that his conquering army must strictly adhere to. among the most significant is that: there shall be no killing of women, children and the aged; the humane treatment of prisoners; and it is forbidden to burn/destroy crops or houses of the enemy. it must be noted here that it is haram (forbidden) for muslims to commit suicide, which would into put doubt on the jihad of the suicide bombers. the bombers may have acted out of desperation, but even the prophet (pbuh) retreated when in a weak position. the general rule is: to live to fight another day.
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
al-Fâti h a - The Opening
1. In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. 2. Praise be to God, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the world; 3. Most Gracious, Most Merciful; 4. Master of the Day of Judgment. 5. Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek. 6. Show us the straight way, 7. The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray.
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Whoever fulfills the needs of his brother, God will fulfill his needs. Whoever eases his brother's difficulty, God will ease his difficulty in this life and on the Day of Resurrection." (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Hadith 622)